Sclerosis


Sclerosis

Sclerosis or sclerotization is a hardening of tissue and other anatomical features

In medicine

*Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease, a progressive, incurable, usually fatal disease of motor neurons. Scientist Stephen Hawking suffers from this disease
*Atherosclerosis, a deposit of fat in the arteries which causes hardening
*Hippocampal sclerosis, a brain damage often seen in individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy
*Lichen sclerosus, a disease hardening and connecting flesh of the vagina and the penis of men and women. An autoimmune disorder
*Liver sclerosis, causes the inability of the liver to process and metabolize the female hormone and it causes the imbalance of male and female hormone and impotence
*Multiple sclerosis, a central nervous system disease which affects coordination
*Osteosclerosis, a condition where the bone density is significantly increased
*Otosclerosis, a disease of the ears
*Systemic sclerosis (progressive systemic scleroderma), a rare, chronic disease which affects the skin, and in some cases also blood vessels and internal organs
*Tuberous sclerosis, a rare genetic disease which affects multiple systems

In botany

*a process which hardens plant tissue by adding fibers and sclereids, resulting in sclerenchyma


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  • Sclerosis — Scle*ro sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. (??, fr. sklhro s hard.] 1. (Med.) Induration; hardening; especially, that form of induration produced in an organ by increase of its interstitial connective tissue. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Hardening of the cell… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sclerosis — ► NOUN Medicine 1) abnormal hardening of body tissue. 2) (in full multiple sclerosis) a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. ORIGIN Greek skl r sis, from skl roun… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sclerōsis — (gr.), so v.w. Scirrhoma …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sclerosis — vgl. Sklerose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • sclerosis — morbid hardening of the tissue, late 14c., from M.L. sclirosis a hardness, hard tumor, from Gk. sklerosis hardening, from skleros hard, related to skellein to dry up, parch, from PIE *skle ro , from root *skele to parch, wither …   Etymology dictionary

  • sclerosis — [skli rō′sis] n. pl. scleroses [skli rō′sēz΄] [ME sclirosis < ML < Gr sklērōsis, a hardening < sklēros, hard: see SCLERA] 1. Bot. a hardening of the cell wall of a plant, usually by an increase of lignin 2. Med. a) an abnormal hardening… …   English World dictionary

  • sclerosis — 1. SYN: induration (2). 2. In neuropathy, induration of nervous and other structures by a hyperplasia of the interstitial fibrous or glial connective tissue. [G. sklerosis, hardness] Alzheimer s …   Medical dictionary

  • sclerosis — sclerosal, adj. /skli roh sis/, n., pl. scleroses / seez/. 1. Pathol. a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue. 2. Bot. a hardening of a tissue or cell… …   Universalium

  • sclerosis — n. hardening of tissue, usually due to scarring (fibrosis) after inflammation or to ageing. It can affect the lateral columns of the spinal cord and the medulla of the brain (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig s disease), causing… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • sclerosis — noun Etymology: Middle English sclirosis tumor, from Medieval Latin, from Greek sklērōsis hardening, from sklēroun to harden, from sklēros Date: 1846 1. pathological hardening of tissue especially from overgrowth of fibrous tissue or increase in… …   New Collegiate Dictionary