- Hammersmith tube station (Piccadilly and District Lines)
Hammersmith tube station is a
London Undergroundstation in Hammersmith. It is on the District Lineline between Barons Court and Ravenscourt Park, and on the Piccadilly Linebetween Barons Court and Turnham Green. The station is in Travelcard Zone 2.
Hammersmith and City Linestation of the same name is a separate station to the north-west. The two stations are separated by Hammersmith Broadway.As the crow flies, the stations are about convert|60|m|ft|0 apart door to door, although the positions of the pedestrian crossings on the Broadway makes it more like convert|135|m|ft|0 on foot. See [http://www.multimap.com/maps/?hloc=GB|hammersmith%20broadway#t=l&
] for a close-up map. The north of the two roundels is the Hammersmith & City line station, the south one is the Piccadilly and District lines station.]
The station was opened on
9 September 1874by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) as the western terminus of the railway when it was extended from Earl's Court.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/district.html#dates |title=District Line, Dates |work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25] In 1877, Hammersmith became a through station when the MDR was extended west to meet the London and South Western Railway(L&SWR) at Ravenscourt Park and services over the L&SWR tracks started to Richmond.
5 May 1878, the Midland Railwaybegan running a circuitous service known as the Super Outer Circlefrom St Pancras to Earl's Court via Cricklewood and South Acton on the Dudding Hill Line.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/circle.html#history |title=Circle Line, History|work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25] It operated over a now disused connection between the North London Railway and the L&SWR Richmond branch. The service was not a success and was ended on 30 September 1880.
15 December 1906, the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway(GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) opened with Hammersmith as its western terminus.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/piccadilly.html#dates |title=Piccadilly Line, Dates |work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25]
The opening of the western extension of the Piccadilly Line from
4 July 1932required the reconstruction of the station at track level to increase the number of platforms to four and much of the station was rebuilt behind the Harry W Ford designed station building on Hammersmith Broadway. Charles Holdendesigned a secondary entrance for Queen Caroline Street virtually identical to one he designed at the same time for Highgate station (now Archway).
The station buildings were demolished along with the neighbouring bus garage in the early 1990s and incorporated into a modern shopping centre and Underground and bus interchange. During the redevelopment parts of the tiling from the Harry W Ford façade showing the station name and the lines serving it were removed and are preserved within the new construction. They now form a frame to a decorative mosaic of
Hammersmith Bridgein the station's north ticket hall.
The 2003 Derailment
The Tunnel just outside the station was the location of a train derailment on the Piccadilly Line on
October 17, 2003when the wheels of the last carriage left the tracks. There were no injuries, but there was some damage to rails and sleepers. A report from the subsequent investigation, with input from maintenance contractors Metronet, London Underground, rail unions and rail consultants, determined that the direct cause was a broken rail, and suggested that this resulted from outdated specifications for track inspection, resourcing and equipment.
The rail that snapped was on the outside of a curved section of track. It had been turned around by London Underground in 2001, because of
corrosionon its inner face, so that what had been its running side was positioned on the outside of the curve. This meant that what had been the running side – the corroded section – was then put under tension.
The combination of corrosion and the forces exerted on it by trains led to the rail snapping. Ultrasonic inspection equipment specified for track inspections was unable to detect outside face cracks of the type thought to have led to the break.
Metronetindicated that it would respond to the incident by using different ultrasound detection equipment, increasing the frequency of track inspections, and preferentially replacing rails rather than turning them around.
Hammersmith (Grove Road) station, a third station that used to exist adjacent to the Hammersmith and City Line station on the L&SWR line through Shepherd's Bushto the West London Line.
Hammersmith tube station (Hammersmith & City Line)
* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
**ltmcollection|60/9862160.jpg|Main entrance to station, 1916
**ltmcollection|62/9862162.jpg|Rear entrance to station from Great Church Lane (where flyover now is), 1916
**ltmcollection|7t/i0000k7t.jpg|View of platforms during reconstruction for extension of Piccadilly Line to west, 1931
**ltmcollection|de/i00005de.jpg|Queen Caroline Street entrance designed by Charles Holden, 1934
**ltmcollection|36/9887836.jpg|Great Church Lane entrance, 1936
**ltmcollection|91/i0000191.jpg|Entrance to Broadway Shopping Centre and station, 2001
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