Hammersmith tube station (Piccadilly and District Lines)


Hammersmith tube station (Piccadilly and District Lines)

Hammersmith tube station is a London Underground station in Hammersmith. It is on the District Line line between Barons Court and Ravenscourt Park, and on the Piccadilly Line between Barons Court and Turnham Green. The station is in Travelcard Zone 2.

The Hammersmith and City Line station of the same name is a separate station to the north-west. The two stations are separated by Hammersmith Broadway.As the crow flies, the stations are about convert|60|m|ft|0 apart door to door, although the positions of the pedestrian crossings on the Broadway makes it more like convert|135|m|ft|0 on foot. See [http://www.multimap.com/maps/?hloc=GB|hammersmith%20broadway#t=l&
] for a close-up map. The north of the two roundels is the Hammersmith & City line station, the south one is the Piccadilly and District lines station.]

History

The station was opened on 9 September 1874 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) as the western terminus of the railway when it was extended from Earl's Court.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/district.html#dates |title=District Line, Dates |work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25] In 1877, Hammersmith became a through station when the MDR was extended west to meet the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) at Ravenscourt Park and services over the L&SWR tracks started to Richmond.

On 5 May 1878, the Midland Railway began running a circuitous service known as the Super Outer Circle from St Pancras to Earl's Court via Cricklewood and South Acton on the Dudding Hill Line.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/circle.html#history |title=Circle Line, History|work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25] It operated over a now disused connection between the North London Railway and the L&SWR Richmond branch. The service was not a success and was ended on 30 September 1880.

On 15 December 1906, the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) opened with Hammersmith as its western terminus.cite web |url=http://www.davros.org/rail/culg/piccadilly.html#dates |title=Piccadilly Line, Dates |work=Clive's Underground Line Guides |accessdate=2008-08-25]

The opening of the western extension of the Piccadilly Line from 4 July 1932 required the reconstruction of the station at track level to increase the number of platforms to four and much of the station was rebuilt behind the Harry W Ford designed station building on Hammersmith Broadway. Charles Holden designed a secondary entrance for Queen Caroline Street virtually identical to one he designed at the same time for Highgate station (now Archway).

The station buildings were demolished along with the neighbouring bus garage in the early 1990s and incorporated into a modern shopping centre and Underground and bus interchange. During the redevelopment parts of the tiling from the Harry W Ford façade showing the station name and the lines serving it were removed and are preserved within the new construction. They now form a frame to a decorative mosaic of Hammersmith Bridge in the station's north ticket hall.

The 2003 Derailment

The Tunnel just outside the station was the location of a train derailment on the Piccadilly Line on October 17, 2003 when the wheels of the last carriage left the tracks. There were no injuries, but there was some damage to rails and sleepers. A report from the subsequent investigation, with input from maintenance contractors Metronet, London Underground, rail unions and rail consultants, determined that the direct cause was a broken rail, and suggested that this resulted from outdated specifications for track inspection, resourcing and equipment.

The rail that snapped was on the outside of a curved section of track. It had been turned around by London Underground in 2001, because of corrosion on its inner face, so that what had been its running side was positioned on the outside of the curve. This meant that what had been the running side – the corroded section – was then put under tension.

The combination of corrosion and the forces exerted on it by trains led to the rail snapping. Ultrasonic inspection equipment specified for track inspections was unable to detect outside face cracks of the type thought to have led to the break. Metronet indicated that it would respond to the incident by using different ultrasound detection equipment, increasing the frequency of track inspections, and preferentially replacing rails rather than turning them around.

ee also

*Hammersmith (Grove Road) station, a third station that used to exist adjacent to the Hammersmith and City Line station on the L&SWR line through Shepherd's Bush to the West London Line.
*Hammersmith tube station (Hammersmith & City Line)

Reference

External links

* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
**ltmcollection|60/9862160.jpg|Main entrance to station, 1916
**ltmcollection|62/9862162.jpg|Rear entrance to station from Great Church Lane (where flyover now is), 1916
**ltmcollection|7t/i0000k7t.jpg|View of platforms during reconstruction for extension of Piccadilly Line to west, 1931
**ltmcollection|de/i00005de.jpg|Queen Caroline Street entrance designed by Charles Holden, 1934
**ltmcollection|36/9887836.jpg|Great Church Lane entrance, 1936
**ltmcollection|91/i0000191.jpg|Entrance to Broadway Shopping Centre and station, 2001


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hammersmith tube station — There are two London Underground stations called Hammersmith:* Hammersmith tube station (Piccadilly and District Lines) * Hammersmith tube station (Hammersmith City Line)The two stations are separated by Hammersmith Broadway. As the crow flies,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hammersmith tube station (Hammersmith & City Line) — Hammersmith is a London Underground station in Hammersmith. It is the western terminus of the Hammersmith City Line. The station is in Travelcard Zone 2 and is a short walk from the identically named but separate Hammersmith station on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Acton Town tube station — Acton Town is a London Underground station in Acton, west London, and is served by the Piccadilly and District Lines. It is the first station in an alphabetical list of London Underground and DLR stations.The station is located at the junction of …   Wikipedia

  • South Kensington tube station — London stations name = South Kensington manager = London Underground zone = 1 locale = South Kensington borough = Kensington and Chelsea years=1868 1868 1872 1872 1900 1906 1908 1949 events=Opened (MR) Started (MDR) Started Outer Circle (NLR)… …   Wikipedia

  • Ealing Common tube station — Ealing Common is a London Underground station on the Uxbridge branch of the Piccadilly Line, and on the Ealing Broadway branch of the District Line. Eastbound the next station is Acton Town, westbound the next station is North Ealing on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Temple tube station — Temple is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster, between Victoria Embankment and Temple Place. It is on the Circle and District lines between Embankment and Blackfriars and is in Travelcard Zone 1. The station entrance is from… …   Wikipedia

  • Osterley tube station — Osterley …   Wikipedia

  • Gloucester Road tube station — Gloucester Road is a London Underground station in South Kensington. It is served by the District, Circle and Piccadilly Lines. On the District and Piccadilly lines the station is between South Kensington and Earl s Court, and on the Circle Line… …   Wikipedia

  • Barons Court tube station — Barons Court is a London Underground station on the District and Piccadilly lines. The station is located on Gliddon Road a short distance from Talgarth Road (A4) in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. On the District Line Barons Court… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl's Court tube station — London stations name = Earl s Court manager = London Underground zone = 1 and 2 locale = Earls Court borough = Kensington Chelsea years=1869 1871 1872 1872 1872 1874 1878 1878 1880 1905 1906 1940 1946 events= Tracks opened (MDR) First station… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.