- Royal Oak
The Royal Oak is the name given to the
oaktree within which King Charles II of England hid to escape the Roundheadsfollowing the Battle of Worcesterin 1651. The tree was located in Boscobel Wood, which was part of the park of Boscobel House. Charles confirmed to Samuel Pepysin 1680 that while he was hiding in the tree, a Parliamentarian soldier passed directly below it. The story was popular after the Restoration; numerous large dishes painted in slip with the Boscobel Oak, supported by the Lion and Unicorn, with the king's face peeping from the branches were made by the Staffordshirepotter Thomas Toft. [One is at the Metropolitan Museum( [http://www.metmuseum.org/Works_of_Art/viewOne.asp?dep=12&viewmode=0&item=24%2E241%2E2 illustration] ).]
After the defeat of Charles's Royalist army at the hands of Cromwell's
New Model Army, the King fled with Lord Derby, Lord Wilmot and other royalists, seeking shelter at the safe houses of White Ladies Prioryand Boscobel House.
The King was among those sheltered at Boscobel House, where he was disguised as a woodman by the owners of the property, Charles Giffard and the Pendrill family. Their initial attempt to escape to Wales was thwarted by Commonwealth troops, and the King returned to the house. He there met with William Carlis (or Careless), one of the last royalists to escape the battlefield. According to tradition Carelis's variable last name was altered after the Restoration to "Carlos" ("Charles" in Spanish) by Charles II himself to commemorate the events at Boscobel. Carlis's rank is variously reported as Captain, Major and Colonel.
As Commonwealth troops approached the house, searching for Royalists, the King and Carlis spent a day hidden in the Royal Oak, and the next day hidden in a
priest holeat Boscobel House. After this, Giffard and the Pendrills were able to use their contacts with other Catholics to smuggle the King and Wilmot to France.
When King Charles returned to England and took the throne in
1660, he granted annuities to the Pendrills for their services (still paid to their descendents to this day), and the Pendrills and Colonel Carlis were permitted to amend their coats of arms to depict an oak tree and three royal crowns.
The Oak today
The tree standing on the site today is not the original Royal Oak, which is recorded to have been destroyed during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by tourists who cut off branches and chunks as souvenirs. The present day tree is believed to be a two or three hundred-year old descendant of the original and is thus known as 'Son of Royal Oak'.
In 2000, Son of Royal Oak was badly injured during a violent storm and lost many branches, becoming a shadow of its former self. Another oak sapling was planted near the site of the original Royal Oak in 2001 by Prince Charles; it was grown from one of the Son's acorns and is thus a grandson of the Royal Oak.
In commemoration of the tree's significance in British history a number of places and things have been named after the Royal Oak: see
Royal Oak (disambiguation). "The Royal Oak" is the third most common pubname in Britain. [ [http://www.fatbadgers.co.uk/Britain/weird.htm Strange Names ] ]
Robur Carolinum, "Charles' Oak", a now-defunct constellation
Oak Apple Day
List of famous trees
* [http://footguards.tripod.com/06ARTICLES/ART26_royal_oak.htm First Foot Guards: The Royal Oak]
* [http://www.shropshire-promotions.co.uk/L&P-7.html The Fugitive King]
* [http://www.btinternet.com/~warship/Feature/oak.htm The Leaking Wreck of H.M.S. Royal Oak]
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Royal Oak — (engl.: Königliche Eiche) steht für: eine Eiche, in der sich Karl II. von England auf seiner Flucht nach der Schlacht von Worcester 1651 der Gefangennahme durch die Parlamentarier entzog, siehe Royal Oak (Baum), den Namen zahlreicher Schiffe in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Royal Oak — Royal Oak, MI U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 60062 Housing Units (2000): 29942 Land area (2000): 11.816328 sq. miles (30.604149 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001072 sq. miles (0.002776 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.817400 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Royal Oak, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 60062 Housing Units (2000): 29942 Land area (2000): 11.816328 sq. miles (30.604149 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001072 sq. miles (0.002776 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.817400 sq. miles (30.606925 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Royal Oak — [in allusion to an oak in which CHARLES II of England is said to have hidden] city in SE Mich.: suburb of Detroit: pop. 60,000 … English World dictionary
Royal Oak — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Royal Oak est le nom du chêne où se cacha une journée durant Charles II d Angleterre, en 1651, lors de la troisième guerre civile anglaise. Ont été nommés … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Oak — Original name in latin Royal Oak Name in other language loyeol okeu State code US Continent/City America/Detroit longitude 42.48948 latitude 83.14465 altitude 204 Population 57236 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Royal Oak — a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 70,893. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States city, Oakland county, southeastern Michigan, U.S., that is a residential northern suburb of Detroit. First settled in 1819, it may have been named for an oak in… … Universalium
Royal Oak — Roy′al Oak′ n. geg a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 64,120 … From formal English to slang
Royal Oak — geographical name city SE Michigan N of Detroit population 60,062 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Royal Oak — city, SE Michigan 48068*; pop. 65,410 … Webster's Gazetteer