- Harrow & Wealdstone station
Infobox London station
name = Harrow & Wealdstone access icon
London Underground[Transport for London - " [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/media/newscentre/3736.aspx Safety boost as London Underground to take control of 11 Silverlink stations] " - 5 December 2006.]
zone = 5
London Borough of Harrow
Opened Stanmore branch (L&NwR)
Started (Bakerloo Line)
Closed Stanmore branch (BR)
Ended (Bakerloo Line)
Restarted as terminus (Bakerloo Line)
Harrow & Wealdstone is a
Network Railstation in Wealdstone, Greater London. It is served by London Overground, London Midland, Southern and London Underground Bakerloo Lineservices. The station is located at the southern end of High Street, Wealdstoneat the end-on junction with "The Bridge". It is the site of a serious rail crash which occurred in 1952.
The station was opened by the
London and Birmingham Railway(L&BR) as "Harrow" on 20 July 1837in what was then rural Middlesex.cite book |last=Harris |first=Cyril M. |title = What's in a name? |publisher = Capital Transport |origyear=1977 |year=2006 |pages=p. 33 |isbn=1-85414-241-0] At the time the station was built, the area was fields and the nearest large settlement was at Harrow on the Hillabout 1.5 miles to the south. Wealdstone was a collection of houses at the north end of what is now Wealdstone High Street, about 1 mile north of the station. The station buildings on the south-west (Harrow) side of the station are the older part of the station, located beside what were the fast lines until the platforms were used for the later Euston to Watford DC Lineand the main line tracks were re-routed through the previous slow line platforms and newer platforms to the North-West; a newer station building was also erected on the Wealdstone side of the station. The station footbridge was originally constructed with a full-height central barrier with passengers using the "London" side and railway and postal staff using the "Country" side to move goods and mails via lifts which were removed in the early 1970s leaving two parcels elevators serving the DC line platforms for the remaining postal traffic.
18 December 1890, a short branch line was opened by the London & North Western Railway (LNWR, successor to the L&BR) to Belmont and Stanmore to the north-east of the main line. Services to Belmont on the train known affectionately as the "Belmont Rattler".
By the end of the 19th century Wealdstone had developed in size and the station was given its current name on
1 May 1897to more accurately reflect its location.
16 April 1917, Bakerloo Line services were extended from Willesden Junction to Watford Junction running on the newly electrified local tracks (the "New Lines", which were originally steam-worked) and calling at Harrow & Wealdstone from that date.cite book |last=Rose |first=Douglas |title=The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History |year=1999 |publisher=Douglas Rose/Capital Transport |isbn=1-85414-219-4 ]
15 September 1952, the passenger service to Stanmore Village was withdrawn.
8 October 1952, the station was the site of a serious train crash in which 112 people were killed and 340 were injured when a Scottish express train collided with the rear of a local train stopped at platform 4. Seconds later a northbound express hauled by two locomotives collided with the wreckage causing further injury and demolished one span of the footbridge and the northern end of platforms 2 and 3. A memorial plaque was placed above the main entrance on the eastern side of the station to mark the 50th anniversary in 2002.During the early 1960s, as part of the West Coast Main Lineelectrification, the bridge carrying the A409 road (The Bridge/Station Approach) over the railway was rebuilt easing the previous severe road gradients and offering higher clearance over the tracks to allow for overhead cabling.
6 July 1964, passenger services on the branch line to Belmont station were withdrawn as part of the cuts of the Beeching Axe. The track south of Harrow and Wealdstone station was removed but the disused platform 7 on the eastern side of the station was left in place as a siding for a further few years until it too was removed.
24 September 1982, Bakerloo Line services to Harrow & Wealdstone ended when services north of Stonebridge Park were ended. The closure was short-lived, and the Bakerloo Line to Harrow & Wealdstone was reinstated on 4 June 1984with the station acting as the terminus.
In the 1990s major reconstruction of local roads made to by-pass High Street, Wealdstone sent a new road (Ellen Webb Drive) through what remained of the station yard and part of the forecourt of the eastern entrance to the station.
The station today
The station has undergone several improvements in recent years, with the footbridge improved by removal of the central barrier to allow use of the full width, new lifts for the use of disabled persons, and newly painted and brightly illuminated waiting rooms. In recent years the two-track reversing sidings (used for turning Bakerloo Line trains) located between the tracks of the DC line at the northern end side of the station have been replaced by a single siding and the curve at the down end of the platform eased.
The station footbridge links both entrances and all platforms.
Bus routes 140 (24 hour), 182, 186, 258, 340, H9, H10 and night bus route N18 serve various stops beside or near the station. All the buses that serve the station also serve Harrow on the Hill station but not all as direct services.
* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London's Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
** ltmcollection|05/9889605.jpg|Harrow & Wealdstone station, Harrow building at original main entry to station, 1925
** ltmcollection|01/9889601.jpg|Harrow & Wealdstone station, Wealdstone building, 1928
** ltmcollection|20/9920120.jpg|Harrow & Wealdstone station, Wealdstone building, 1930
** ltmcollection|77/9872177.jpg|Harrow & Wealdstone station, Wealdstone building, 1956
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1018401.stm Europe's history of rail disasters (BBC)]
* [http://britishrailways.tripod.com/harrow.html Harrow and Wealdstone Disaster]
* [http://www.livedepartureboards.co.uk/ldb/summary.aspx?T=HRW Train times] and [http://nrekb.nationalrail.co.uk/stations/index.html?a=findStation&station_query=HRW station information] for Harrow and Wealdstone railway station from National Rail (Station code: HRW)
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