- Republican Left of Catalonia
party_name = Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
colorcode = orange
Joan Puigcercós i Boixassa
Joan Ridao i Martín
foundation = March 19, 1931
Social democracy, Democratic socialism,
republicanism, Left-wing nationalism
headquarters = C/Calàbria, 166
colours = Orange
european parliament group =
European Free Alliance
international = "None"
website = [http://www.esquerra.cat/ www.esquerra.cat]
The Republican Left of Catalonia ( _ca. Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, "ERC") is a left-wing Catalan independentist political party in
Spaincampaigning for the independenceof Cataloniafrom this country. It is also the main sponsor of the independence movement from Franceand Spainin the territories known among Catalan nationalists as " Països Catalans".
Its current president is
Joan Puigcercós i Boixassaand its secretary-general is Joan Ridao i Martín.
Political principles and representation
Its basic political principles are defined in the Statement of Ideology approved at the 19th National Congress in 1993. This is organised into the three areas that give the organisation its name: Esquerra (commitment to the Left's agenda in the political debate), República (commitment to the Republican form of government vs. Spain's current
constitutional monarchy) and Catalunya ( Catalan independentism, which, as understood by ERC, comprises the so-called "Catalan Countries").
Despite having been one of the main forces behind the movement for amendment, the party eventually opposed the 2006 changes to the Catalan Statute of Autonomy to increase Catalonia's autonomy. It did so on the grounds that it did not do enough to increase Catalan independence. This caused a government crisis with its partners (specially with the PSC) which led to an early election in 2006.
"Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya" has currently 21 seats (3rd group by seats) in the Catalan regional Parliament, where it is one of the three coalition members of the current leftwing tripartite Catalan Government. It was briefly expelled from this coalition in May 2006 because of the many tensions the PSC-PSOE (
Socialists' Party of Catalonia) and ERC had accumulated during their coalition government, being the turning point ERC's opposition in the last instance to the project of a new Statute of Autonomy in which redaction ERC has had partial lead.
It has 3 seats (5th group by seats) in the Spanish Parliament and 1 seat in the
Led by Francesc Macià in 1931, the party declared an independent Catalan Republic that was curtailed by the new Constitution of the
Second Spanish Republic.
In 1934, led by Lluís Companys, the elected Catalan President, the party declared an independent Catalan Republic within the "Spanish Federation" proposed by Companys, following the entry of Right Wing ministers into the Government of the Spanish Republic, however the party leaders (including Companys) and all the Catalan Government (called Generalitat) were arrested and jailed for this, and special autonomy laws for Catalonia were suspended until 1936 .
In 1936, at the dawn of the
Spanish Civil War, ERC decided to become part of the Spanish Popular Frontto contest that year's election, which it won. Esquerra became the leading force of the "Popular Front" in Catalonia and tried to maintain the unity of the Front in the face of growing tensions between the POUMand Communists.
The party was declared illegal (along with all other participants in the "Popular Front") by
Francisco Francoafter he came to power in 1939 . The former president of the Catalan Generalitat, Lluís Companys, was arrested by German agents in collaboration with Vichy France, returned to Spain and executed in 1940.
The party is also federated with parties in the
Balearic Islandsand in Northern Cataloniain France, as well as with Republican Left of the Valencian Countryin the Valencian Community. Except for their Balearic counterpart, none of the latter currently have any parliamentary representation in their respective territories, though they do hold some municipal councilors.
Presidents of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
Francesc Macià i Llussà(1931-1933)
Lluís Companys i Jover(1933-1935)
Carles Pi i Sunyer(1933-1935)
Lluís Companys i Jover(1936-1940)
Jordi Carbonell i de Ballester(1996-2004)
Joan Puigcercós i Boixassa(2008-present)
General Secretaries of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
Joan Lluís Pujol i Font(March of 1931 - April of 1931)
Josep Tarradellas i Joan(April of 1931 - March of 1932)
Joan Tauler(March of 1932 - 1938)
Josep Tarradellas i Joan(1938 - 1957)
Joan Sauret(1957 - 1976)
Àngel Colom Colom(1989-1996)
Joan Puigcercós i Boixassa(2004-2008)
Joan Ridao i Martín(2008-present)
Catalan Parliament election, 2006
List of political parties in Catalonia
Young Republican Left of Catalonia
Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia
* [http://www.esquerra.cat/ Site of the party] ca icon
* [http://www.esquerra.cat/web_nova/arxius/DIangles.pdf Ideological declaration] en icon (
* [http://www.esquerra.cat/web_nova/arxius/Hangles.pdf ERC’s brief history] en icon (
* [http://www.jerc.cat/ Joventuts de l'Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya] Youth section's site ca icon
* [http://www.carod.cat/ Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira] ca icon
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