- Adjuntas, Puerto Rico
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Territory
map_caption =Location of PAGENAME within Puerto Rico.
longEW=W| official_name = Adjuntas, Puerto Rico | nickname = La Ciudad del Gigante Dormido" (City of the Sleeping Giant), "La Suiza de Puerto Rico" (Puerto Rico's Switzerland)
image_caption= View of Adjuntas from a nearby mountain. |
population_blank1 = Adjunteños|population_blank1_title=Gentilic|
population_blank1 = Adjunteños|population_blank1_title=Gentilic|
August 11, 1815
Mayor| leader_title= Mayor
leader_name = Hon. Jaime H. Barlucea
New Progressive Party
political party display = PNP
leader_name1= 5 - Ponce
leader_name2 = 22| area_magnitude = | area_total_km2 =
population_as_of = 2000 | population_note =
population_total = 19,143 | population_density_km2 = | latd=18|latm=09|lats=46
website = http://www.adjuntas.com | footnotes = Anthem - "Adjuntas es mi amor"|
Adjuntas IPA|/að'xun.tas/, is a small mountainside municipality in
Puerto Ricolocated central midwest of the island on the Central Mountain range (La Cordillera Central), north of Yauco, Guayanilla and Peñuelas; southeast of Utuado; east of Lares and Yauco; and west of Ponce. Adjuntas is spread over 16 wards and Adjuntas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). Adjuntas is about two hours by car westward from the capital, San Juan.
Adjuntas is nicknamed "the
Switzerlandof Puerto Rico", because of its relatively chilly weather. Many Puerto Rican mountain towns have colder weather than the rest of the island; Adjuntas is no exception: the average yearly weather is 72 degrees Fahrenheit. The cool weather attracts a good number of island tourists during the summer months. The town has a small hotel named Monte Rio and a good size "parador", or country inn, called Villa Sotomayor. It also has the distinction of being the postal area with the lowest numerical ZIP codein the United States Postal Service (00601).
Adjuntas was founded August 11, 1815, by Diego Maldonado, gaining administrative independence from
Utuado. It was one of the main cities where the Anusim, Maranos, and other Sephardi Jewssettled. Many of these families were of the Torres, Perezor Peretz, and Bennazzar families among others. Bereberesand Mozarabessettled there too.
After the mid 1800s, Adjuntas welcomed many immigrants from the Mediterranean islands
Corsicaand Majorca. Some of them established coffee plantations. During the last decades of XIX century, the fine coffee produced in Adjuntas was exported to Europe, United States and even the Vatican.
It was proclaimed "villa", or a first order municipality, by the
Spanish GovernmentMonarchy in 1894.
Adjuntas was occupied by the
United States Armyforces during the Spanish American Warof 1898 and was visited by President Theodore Rooseveltin 1906.
The discovery of rich deposits of copper, gold and other minerals during the 1960s motivated some local community and environmental leaders to oppose the mining. By the 1990s, they convinced the Puerto Rican government to take a stand against the mining industry, on behalf of conservation. Today, instead of mining, with the leadership of [http://www.casapueblo.org/ Casa Pueblo] , a community organization, Adjuntas leads the preservation of natural resources movement in Puerto Rico.
Barrios (Districts/Wards) [http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/adjuntas.pdf]
Guilarte State Forest between Adjuntas, Peñuelas and Yauco.
Adjuntas climate is subtropical high elevation with cool temperatures year round, cold nights in the winter. Winter average low temperature is 45°F in the town and 40°F n the forest, in the daytime high around 70 in the town in 62-69 in mountain,in winter rainy day a high only in the 50s. Summer is warm (79°-84°F) in the daytime and cool at nighttime (60°-63°F).
Adjuntas' main industry is the growing of tropical crops such as
bananas, coffeeand citronand peaches.
Landmarks and places of interest
*Hacienda Bareal Ruins
*Hacienda El Muerto
*Hacienda Pietri Ruins
*Mirador de Vegas Arriba
*parador villas sotomayor
*Barra La Montana [http://www.casapueblo.org/ Casa Pueblo] is a local museum and cultural institution called founded by a group of local activists who fought against the copper mine exploitation of the area for decades. Casa Pueblo is responsible for many environmental projects like the preservation of hundred of acres of pristine woods and fresh water bodies.
Festivals and events
*March - Festival del Gigante and Festival de la Cidra
*August - San Joaquín & Santa Ana Patron Festivities
The main road is Puerto Rico 10, that connects the cities of Ponce in the south and
Areciboin the north. In addition, there is a small airport that caters to private airplanes.
The town has a professional volleyball team called Gigantes de Adjuntas.The team won the title in 1973. They have come to be known as "Los Inmortales" (The Immortals).
Fernando E. Rodríguez Vargas, DDS, odontologist (dentist), scientist and a Major in the U.S. Army who discovered the bacteriawhich causes dental caries.
Norman Maldonado, physician and former President of the University of Puerto Rico
*Dr. Arístides Moll (1880-1965), physician, writer, poet and Secretary of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau of the
Pan American Health Organization
*Rafael Bosch, lawyer, poet, writer and legal advisor of the Committee of Insular Affairs of the
United States Senate
*Josefina Moll, writer
*Pelegrín López de Victoria (1850-1942), writer
*Rafael de Jesús Cordero (1897-1974), economist, professor and co-founder of the Department of Economy of the
University of Puerto Rico. First Puerto Rican to hold the position of Auditor of Puerto Rico, named by President Franklin D. Rooseveltin 1943. First Comptroller of Puerto Rico.
*Ignacio Rivera, corporate and criminal lawyer, Federal prosecutor, intelligence agent for the
Central Intelligence Agency, radio news commentator and author ("El Presidente se viste de blanco"). Made an honorary member of the local troop of the Boy Scouts of America.
*Alexis Massol, is the founder and director of Casa Pueblo of Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, a self-managed community organization that proposes and develops plans to protect the environment, affirm cultural and human values, and create sustainable economic alternatives. Goldman Prize
*Candido Berio, Reggaeton Singer, model, and member of the ToTo Family.
*María de Lourdes Santiago Negrón- Senator 2004-
*During the last years of his life,
Tony Croattomade his residence in Adjuntas.
Books about Adjuntas
"Mi Pueblo Adjuntas", 1992, by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares and Entre Fotos y Palabras 2005 by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares
Adjuntas was featured in the March 2003 issue of
National Geographicin an article about Puerto Rican lifestyles.
* [http://www.adjuntas.com/webcam/default.asp Adjuntas Webcam]
* [http://www.adjuntas.isla.pr/ Portal del pueblo de Adjuntas]
* [http://www.topuertorico.org/city/adjuntas.shtml Welcome to Puerto Rico Adjuntas]
* [http://www.linktopr.com/adjuntas_e.html Link to Puerto Rico Adjuntas]
* [http://www.puertohost.com/maps/adjuntas-map.php Map of Adjuntas Puerto Rico]
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