Adjuntas, Puerto Rico


Adjuntas, Puerto Rico

Infobox Settlement

settlement_type =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States

subdivision_type1 = Territory
subdivision_name1 = Puerto Rico
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =

timezone=AST
utc_offset=-4
timezone_DST=
utc_offset_DST=
unit_pref=Imperial
map_caption =Location of PAGENAME within Puerto Rico.
latNS=N
longEW=W| official_name = Adjuntas, Puerto Rico | nickname = La Ciudad del Gigante Dormido" (City of the Sleeping Giant), "La Suiza de Puerto Rico" (Puerto Rico's Switzerland)


image_caption= View of Adjuntas from a nearby mountain. |

image_

population_blank1 = Adjunteños|population_blank1_title=
Gentilic|

population_blank1 = Adjunteños|population_blank1_title=Gentilic|


|
Country |
Puerto Rico
established_date = August 11, 1815
established_title=Founded
leader_title = Mayor | leader_title=Mayor
leader_name = Hon. Jaime H. Barlucea
leader_party = New Progressive Party
political party display = PNP
leader_title1=Senatorial dist.
leader_name1= 5 - Ponce
leader_title2=Representative dist.
leader_name2 = 22| area_magnitude = | area_total_km2 =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
population_as_of = 2000 | population_note =
population_total = 19,143 | population_density_km2 = | latd=18|latm=09|lats=46
longd=66|longm=43|longs=20
website = http://www.adjuntas.com | footnotes = Anthem - "Adjuntas es mi amor"|

Adjuntas IPA|/að'xun.tas/, is a small mountainside municipality in Puerto Rico located central midwest of the island on the Central Mountain range (La Cordillera Central), north of Yauco, Guayanilla and Peñuelas; southeast of Utuado; east of Lares and Yauco; and west of Ponce. Adjuntas is spread over 16 wards and Adjuntas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). Adjuntas is about two hours by car westward from the capital, San Juan.

Adjuntas is nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico", because of its relatively chilly weather. Many Puerto Rican mountain towns have colder weather than the rest of the island; Adjuntas is no exception: the average yearly weather is 72 degrees Fahrenheit. The cool weather attracts a good number of island tourists during the summer months. The town has a small hotel named Monte Rio and a good size "parador", or country inn, called Villa Sotomayor. It also has the distinction of being the postal area with the lowest numerical ZIP code in the United States Postal Service (00601).

History

Adjuntas was founded August 11, 1815, by Diego Maldonado, gaining administrative independence from Utuado. It was one of the main cities where the Anusim, Maranos, and other Sephardi Jews settled. Many of these families were of the Torres, Perez or Peretz, and Bennazzar families among others. Bereberes and Mozarabes settled there too.

After the mid 1800s, Adjuntas welcomed many immigrants from the Mediterranean islands Corsica and Majorca. Some of them established coffee plantations. During the last decades of XIX century, the fine coffee produced in Adjuntas was exported to Europe, United States and even the Vatican.

It was proclaimed "villa", or a first order municipality, by the Spanish Government Monarchy in 1894.

Adjuntas was occupied by the United States Army forces during the Spanish American War of 1898 and was visited by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906.

The discovery of rich deposits of copper, gold and other minerals during the 1960s motivated some local community and environmental leaders to oppose the mining. By the 1990s, they convinced the Puerto Rican government to take a stand against the mining industry, on behalf of conservation. Today, instead of mining, with the leadership of [http://www.casapueblo.org/ Casa Pueblo] , a community organization, Adjuntas leads the preservation of natural resources movement in Puerto Rico.

Demographics

Barrios (Districts/Wards) [http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/adjuntas.pdf]

Geo/Topography

Guilarte State Forest between Adjuntas, Peñuelas and Yauco.

Climate

Adjuntas climate is subtropical high elevation with cool temperatures year round, cold nights in the winter. Winter average low temperature is 45°F in the town and 40°F n the forest, in the daytime high around 70 in the town in 62-69 in mountain,in winter rainy day a high only in the 50s. Summer is warm (79°-84°F) in the daytime and cool at nighttime (60°-63°F).

Economic

Agriculture

Adjuntas' main industry is the growing of tropical crops such as bananas, coffee and citron and peaches.

Tourism

Landmarks and places of interest

*Guilarte
*Hacienda Bareal Ruins
*Hacienda El Muerto
*Hacienda Arbela
*Hacienda Pietri Ruins
*Inabon Waterfalls
*Mirador de Vegas Arriba
*Poblado Castañer
*parador villas sotomayor
*Barra La Montana [http://www.casapueblo.org/ Casa Pueblo] is a local museum and cultural institution called founded by a group of local activists who fought against the copper mine exploitation of the area for decades. Casa Pueblo is responsible for many environmental projects like the preservation of hundred of acres of pristine woods and fresh water bodies.

Festivals and events

*March - Festival del Gigante and Festival de la Cidra
*August - San Joaquín & Santa Ana Patron Festivities

Transportation

The main road is Puerto Rico 10, that connects the cities of Ponce in the south and Arecibo in the north. In addition, there is a small airport that caters to private airplanes.

ports

The town has a professional volleyball team called Gigantes de Adjuntas.The team won the title in 1973. They have come to be known as "Los Inmortales" (The Immortals).

Notable Adjunteños

*Major Fernando E. Rodríguez Vargas, DDS, odontologist (dentist), scientist and a Major in the U.S. Army who discovered the bacteria which causes dental caries.
*Dr. Norman Maldonado, physician and former President of the University of Puerto Rico
*Dr. Arístides Moll (1880-1965), physician, writer, poet and Secretary of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau of the Pan American Health Organization
*Rafael Bosch, lawyer, poet, writer and legal advisor of the Committee of Insular Affairs of the United States Senate
*Josefina Moll, writer
*Pelegrín López de Victoria (1850-1942), writer
*Rafael de Jesús Cordero (1897-1974), economist, professor and co-founder of the Department of Economy of the University of Puerto Rico. First Puerto Rican to hold the position of Auditor of Puerto Rico, named by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1943. First Comptroller of Puerto Rico.
*Ignacio Rivera, corporate and criminal lawyer, Federal prosecutor, intelligence agent for the Central Intelligence Agency, radio news commentator and author ("El Presidente se viste de blanco"). Made an honorary member of the local troop of the Boy Scouts of America.
*Alexis Massol, is the founder and director of Casa Pueblo of Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, a self-managed community organization that proposes and develops plans to protect the environment, affirm cultural and human values, and create sustainable economic alternatives. Goldman Prize
*Candido Berio, Reggaeton Singer, model, and member of the ToTo Family.
*María de Lourdes Santiago Negrón- Senator 2004-
*During the last years of his life, Tony Croatto made his residence in Adjuntas.

References

Books about Adjuntas

"Mi Pueblo Adjuntas", 1992, by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares and Entre Fotos y Palabras 2005 by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares

Additional Information

Adjuntas was featured in the March 2003 issue of National Geographic in an article about Puerto Rican lifestyles.

External links

* [http://www.adjuntas.com/webcam/default.asp Adjuntas Webcam]
* [http://www.adjuntas.isla.pr/ Portal del pueblo de Adjuntas]
* [http://www.topuertorico.org/city/adjuntas.shtml Welcome to Puerto Rico Adjuntas]
* [http://www.linktopr.com/adjuntas_e.html Link to Puerto Rico Adjuntas]
* [http://www.puertohost.com/maps/adjuntas-map.php Map of Adjuntas Puerto Rico]
*accessdate|2008-04-24


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adjuntas (Puerto Rico) — Municipio pertenenciente al Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. Localizado en la zona montañosa, específicamente en la región occidental de la cordillera central; limita con Lares y Utuado por el norte; al sur con Yauco, Guayanilla y Peñuelas;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adjuntas (Adjuntas, Puerto Rico) — Adjuntas Barrio pueblo de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tanamá (Adjuntas, Puerto Rico) — Tanamá Barrio de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Puerto Rico Highway 10 — is a main highway under construction in Puerto Rico intended to connect the cities of Ponce and Arecibo. It is in current construction but most of the highway has been completed. It is not a freeway, as several stop light traffic signals are in… …   Wikipedia

  • Puerto Rico — Puerto Rican. /pwer teuh ree koh, pwer toh, pawr teuh, pohr /; Sp. /pwerdd taw rddee kaw/ an island in the central West Indies: a commonwealth associated with the U.S. 3,196,520; 3435 sq. mi. (8895 sq. km). Cap.: San Juan. Formerly (until 1932),… …   Universalium

  • Puerto Rico Highway 123 — is a long north south highway from Arecibo to Ponce, and is going to be the rural alternative to Puerto Rico Highway 10 when the latter is completed. While PR 10 is being constructed between Adjuntas and Utuado, PR 123 is the only road main… …   Wikipedia

  • Puerto Rico — This article is about the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. For other uses, see Puerto Rico (disambiguation). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico …   Wikipedia

  • Puerto Rico — Para otros usos de este término, véase Puerto Rico (desambiguación). Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Territorio no incorporado de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Puerto Rico — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Puerto Rico <p></p> Background: <p></p> Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher… …   The World Factbook

  • Puerto Rico Highway 129 — Infobox road state=PR type= route=129 length mi=16.7 length round=2 length ref= established= direction a=North direction b=South starting terminus= PR 22 in Arecibo, Puerto Rico ending terminus= Puerto Rico Highway 111 in Lares, Puerto Rico… …   Wikipedia