- Meat analogue
A meat analogue, also called a meat substitute, mock meat, faux meat, or imitation meat, approximates the aesthetic qualities (primarily texture, flavor, and appearance) and/or chemical characteristics of specific types of meat. Many analogues are soy-based (see: tofu, tempeh).
Generally, meat analogue is understood to mean a food made from non-meats, sometimes without other animal products such as dairy. The market for meat imitations includes vegetarians, vegans, non-vegetarians seeking to reduce their meat consumption for health or ethical reasons, and people following religious dietary laws, such as Kashrut or Halal. Hindu cuisine features the oldest known use of meat analogues.
Meat analogue may also refer to a meat-based and/or less-expensive alternative to a particular meat product, such as surimi.
Vegetarian meat, dairy, and egg analogues
Some vegetarian meat analogues are based on centuries-old recipes for seitan (wheat gluten), rice, mushrooms, legumes, tempeh, or pressed-tofu, with flavoring added to make the finished product taste like chicken, beef, lamb, ham, sausage, seafood, etc. Yuba is another soy-based meat analogue, made by layering the thin skin which forms on top of boiled soy milk. Some more recent meat analogues include textured vegetable protein (TVP), which is a dry bulk commodity derived from soy, soy concentrate, mycoprotein-based Quorn which uses egg white as a binder making them unsuitable for vegans, and modified defatted peanut flour.
Dairy analogues may be composed of processed rice, soy (tofu, soymilk, soy protein isolate), almond, cashew, gluten (such as with the first non-dairy creamers), nutritional yeast, or a combination of these, as well as flavoring to make it taste like milk, cheeses, yogurt, mayonnaise, ice cream, cream cheese, sour cream, whipped cream, buttermilk, rarebit, or butter. Many dairy analogues contain casein, which is extracted dried milk proteins, making them unsuitable for vegans.
Egg substitutes may be composed of tofu, tapioca starch, or similar products that recreate the leavening and binding effects of eggs in baked goods. Many people use fruit products such as banana paste or applesauce as egg analogues in baking.
Lab-grown animal tissue
Biologists have long researched methods for growing muscle tissue in laboratory conditions, and the technology is ready for commercial use. PETA has offered a $1 million prize to the first company that can bring lab-grown chicken meat to consumers by 2012.
Surimi and similar meat-based meat analogues
Surimi, a processed hash of fish plus flavorings, is used to make products such as imitation crab meat. In some regions,[where?] "surimi" refers only to products made from fish, but elsewhere[where?] may refer to other products (e.g., turkey dogs produced from turkey in North America), which are then also called "surimi".[by whom?]
Examples of surimi include:
- Surimi from fish, such as imitation crab, imitation shrimp, or imitation lobster
- Surimi from turkey, such as hot dogs, brats, sausage, salami, lunch meats, loafs, burgers, bacon, ham, or ground
- Other processed poultry products, such as emu, in the same forms described above for turkey.
- Wyrick, Jason (2009-03). "Meat Subs". Vegan Culinary Experience. http://veganculinaryexperience.com/VCEMarch09.pdf. Retrieved 2011-04-15.
- ^ Patterson, Daniel. The Way We Eat: I Can't Believe It's Tofu, New York Times, 2006-08-06. Retrieved on 2009-02-26.
- ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90235492
- Business statistics - sales of imitation meat and vegetarian products
- Research Market: vegetarian profits
- Soyfoods Assoc. of N. America
- Meat-analogues on "FutureFood - Meat without livestock"
Veganism and vegetarianism Perspectives Ethics Food and
eventsAmerican Vegetarian Party · Boston Vegetarian Society · Christian Vegetarian Association · European Vegetarian Union · Farm Sanctuary · Hare Krishna Food for Life · International Vegetarian Union · Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition · Toronto Vegetarian Association · Vegetarian Society · Veggies of Nottingham · World Vegetarian Day
Lifestyles Books FilmsForks Over Knives Notable scientists
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
analogue — /an l awg , og /, n. 1. something having analogy to something else. 2. Biol. an organ or part analogous to another. 3. Chem. one of a group of chemical compounds similar in structure but different in respect to elemental composition. 4. a food… … Universalium
Ethics of eating meat — Various types of meats In many societies, controversy and debate have arisen over the ethics of eating animals. Ethical objections are generally divided into opposition to the act of killing in general, and opposition to certain agricultural… … Wikipedia
Cheese analogue — Sliced soy cheese on a snack platter Open package o … Wikipedia
Wheat gluten (food) — A piece of seitan Commercially packaged seitan Wheat gluten, also call … Wikipedia
Tofu — For other uses, see Tofu (disambiguation). Tofu A Taiwanese Silken Tofu Salad Chinese name Traditional Chinese … Wikipedia
Vegetarianism — This article is about the deliberate diet for human beings. For types of vegetarian foods, see vegetarian cuisine. For plant based diets in non human animals, see herbivore. Vegetarianism Description A vegetarian diet is derived from plants, with … Wikipedia
Diet in Sikhism — In Sikhism, only vegetarian food is served in the Gurdwara, but Sikhs are not bound to be meat free. The general consensus is that Sikhs are free to choose whether to adopt a meat diet or not. Orthodox Sikhs believe that once Amrit is taken … Wikipedia
Veganism — Veganism … Wikipedia
Christian vegetarianism — is a minority Christian belief based on effecting the compassionate teachings of Jesus, the twelve apostles and the early church to all living beings through vegetarianism or, ideally, veganism. Alternatively, Christians may be vegetarian for… … Wikipedia
Macrobiotic diet — Biologically based alternative and complementary therapy edit Chinese food therapy Herbalism Macrobiotic diet Natural health Orthomolecular medicine NCCAM classifications … Wikipedia