Agapanthus


Agapanthus

Taxobox
name = "Agapanthus"



image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Agapanthus" flower
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Asparagales
familia = Agapanthaceae
genus = "Agapanthus"
genus_authority = L'Hér.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text

"Agapanthus" ("Lily of the Nile") is a genus of flower plants with six to ten species depending on how the different species are classified. They are all herbaceous perennial plants native to South Africa. They have been placed either in the family Alliaceae, or separated into their own monogeneric family Agapanthaceae (e.g. "Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium").

Members of the genus have funnel-shaped flowers, in varying shades of blue colors with white flowering forms occurring. The species have been hybridized to produce additional colors in plants under cultivation. The flowers are produced in many-flowered cymes on long, erect stems called scapes, which can grow up 1 m long. The basal leaves are curved, lanceolate, and are up to 60 cm long.

pecies

Zonneveld & Duncan (2003) classified "Agapanthus" into six species ("A. africanus, A. campanulatus, A. caulescens, A. coddii, A. inapertus, A. praecox"). Four additional taxa recognised by Leighton (1965) as species ("A. comptonii, A. dyeri, A. nutans, A. walshii") are given status below species rank by Zonneveld & Duncan.
* "Agapanthus africanus" (syn. "A. umbellatus; African Lily or African Tulip)
* "Agapanthus campanulatus" (African bluebell, African Blue lily or Bell Agapanthus)
* "Agapanthus caulescens"
* "Agapanthus coddii" (Codd's Agapanthus or Blue Lily)
* "Agapanthus comptonii"
* "Agapanthus dyeri"
* "Agapanthus inapertus" (Drakensberg Agapanthus or Drooping Agapanthus)
* "Agapanthus nutans"
* "Agapanthus praecox" (Common Agapanthus, Blue Lily, African Lily, or Lily of the Nile)
* "Agapanthus walshii"

Cultivation and uses

"Agapanthus africanus" can be grown within USDA plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. In lower-numbered zones, the bulbs should be placed deeper in the soil and mulched well in the fall. "Agapanthus" can be propagated by dividing the bulbs or by seeds, the seeds of most varieties are fertile.

Several hundred cultivars and hybrids are cultivated as garden and landscape plants. Several are winter-hardy to USDA Zone 7.

References

*Leighton, F. M. (1965). The Genus "Agapanthus" L'Heritier. "J. South African Botany", supplementary volume IV.
*Snoeijer W (2004) Agapanthus A Revision of the Genus. ISBN 0-88192-631-0
*Zonneveld, B. J. M. & Duncan, G. D. (2003). Taxonomic implications of genome size and pollen colour and vitality for species of "Agapanthus" L'Heritier (Agapanthaceae). "Plant Syst. Evol". 241: 115-123.
* [http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/agapanafric.htm PlantZAfrica: "Agapanthus africanus"]
* [http://www.plantsystematics.org/reveal/pbio/fam/inspv1.html Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agapanthus — (A. L. Herit., Schmucklilie), Pflanzengattung zur Familie Liliaceae Agapantheae, 1. Ordnung 6 Kl. L.; Art: A. umbellatus am Cap, mit schönen großen doldenständigen Blüthen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agapanthus — L Hérit. (Schmucklilie, Liebesblume), Gattung der Liliazeen, Kräuter mit knolligem Wurzelstock, grundständigen, langen, breit linealen Blättern, vielblumiger Dolde, blauer oder weißer Blüte, dreikantiger Kapsel und geflügelten Samen. Drei Arten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Agapánthus — L Herit., Schmucklilie, Liebesblume, Pflanzengattg. der Liliazeen, vom Kap, mit großen blauen, doldenständigen Blüten auf langem, nacktem Schafte, Zierpflanze, bes. A. umbellātus L Herit. (blaue Tuberose) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • agapanthus — [ag΄ə pan′thəs] n. [ModL < LGr agapē, AGAPE2 + Gr anthos, a flower] AFRICAN LILY …   English World dictionary

  • Agapanthus — Agapanthacées A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agapanthus — Schmucklilien Agapanthus africanus, Blütenstand Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agapanthus — Agapanthaceae Agapanthacées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agapanthus — agapantas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Agapantinių (Agapanthaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Agapanthus). atitikmenys: lot. Agapanthus angl. African lily; Agapanthus vok. Agapanthus; Lebensblume; Liebesblume rus. агапант; агапантус lenk.… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • Agapanthus — ID 1724 Symbol Key AGAPA2 Common Name agapanthus Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA Growth Habit N/A Dur …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • agapanthus — noun (plural thus; also thuses) Etymology: New Latin, genus name, from Greek agapē + anthos flower more at anthology Date: circa 1789 any of several African plants (genus Agapanthus) of the lily family cultivated for their umbels of showy blue,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary