Tynemouth shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 17,056 OS grid reference Metropolitan borough North Tyneside Metropolitan county Tyne & Wear Region North East Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town NORTH SHIELDS Postcode district NE30 Dialling code 0191 Police Northumbria Fire Tyne and Wear Ambulance North East EU Parliament North East England UK Parliament Tynemouth List of places: UK • England • Tyne and Wear
Tynemouth is a town and a historic borough in Tyne and Wear, England, at the mouth of the River Tyne, between North Shields (on the Tyne) and Cullercoats (on the coast to the North). It is administered as part of the borough of North Tyneside, but until 1974 was an independent county borough (including North Shields) in its own right. It has a population of 17,056.
- 1 History
- 2 About Tynemouth
- 3 Notable residents
- 4 Notable visitors
- 5 Festivals
- 6 In popular culture
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The headland towering over the mouth of the Tyne has been settled since the Iron Age. The Romans occupied it. In the 7th century a monastery was built there and later fortified. The headland was known as PEN BAL CRAGThe place where now stands the Monastery of Tynemouth was anciently called by the Saxons Benebalcrag—Leland at the time of Henry VIII
The monastery was sacked by the Danes in 800, rebuilt, destroyed again in 875 but by 1083 was again operational.
Three kings are reputed to have been buried within the monastery - Oswin - King of Deira (651); Osred II - King of Northumbria (792) and Malcolm III- King of Scotland (1093). Three crowns still adorn the North Tyneside coat of arms. (North Tyneside Council 1990).
The queens of Edward I and Edward II stayed in the Priory and Castle while their husbands were campaigning in Scotland. King Edward III considered it to be one of the strongest castles in the Northern Marches. After Bannockburn in 1314, Edward II fled from Tynemouth by ship.
A village had long been established in the shelter of the fortified Priory and around 1325 the then Prior built a port for fishing and trading. This led to a dispute between Tynemouth and the more powerful Newcastle over shipping rights on the Tyne which continued for centuries. (For more history see North Shields).
In the late 18th century, sea-bathing became fashionable in Tynemouth. King Edward's Bay and Tynemouth Longsands are very popular with locals and tourists alike. Tynemouth is also a surfing championship venue
A statue of Queen Victoria by Alfred Turner, unveiled on 25 October 1902. This is situated at the edge of the Village Green which is home to the War Memorials for the residents of Tynemouth lost during the Second Boer War of 1899-1902. Designed by A.B. Plummer, it was unveiled on the 13th October 1903 by William Brodrick[disambiguation needed ].
The larger central memorial is made of white granite with a cruciform column rising from between four struts in a contemporary design for its time. The front face has a relief sword and wreath carved onto it with the inscription below. The other three faces hold the honour roll for those lost during both World Wars. It was unveiled in 1920 and the designer is unknown.
Maintaining transport links between Tynemouth and Newcastle is Tynemouth Metro station, originally opened in 1882 as a mainline station catering for the thousands of holiday-makers who flocked to the Tynemouth beaches. Its ornate Victorian ironwork canopies have earned it Grade II listed status.
The King's School
Located on Huntington Terrace, The King's School, is a co-educational, independent day school with over 800 pupils aged between 4 and 18. Though founded in Jarrow in 1860, the school moved to its present site in Tynemouth in 1865 originally providing a private education for local boys. The school has an Anglican tradition, but admits students of all faiths.
The School's name is in reference to the three ancient kings buried at Tynemouth Priory: Oswin, Osred and Malcolm III. Its most famous old boy is Stan Laurel, one half of the comedy duo Laurel and Hardy. Hollywood film director Sir Ridley Scott also attended the school.
This massive stone breakwater extends from the foot of the Priory some 1000 yards (metres) out to sea, protecting the northern flank of the mouth of the Tyne. It has a broad walkway on top, popular with Sunday strollers. On the lee side is a lower level rail track, formerly used by trains and cranes for loading ships. At the seaward end is a light-house. The pier's construction took over 40 years (1854–1895). In 1898 the original curved design proved inadequate against a great storm and the centre section was destroyed. The pier was rebuilt in a straighter line and completed in 1909. A companion pier at South Shields protects the southern flank of the river mouth.
This small beach within the mouth of the Tyne, sheltered between the Priory and the Spanish Battery, was popular with Victorian bathers and is now home to the local rowing and sailing clubs.
The Spanish Battery
This headland dominates the river mouth. It takes its name from the Spanish mercenaries who manned guns there in the 16th century to defend against invasion. It continued to be used in this way into the 20th century. It's now a popular vantage point for watching traffic on the Tyne.
The Collingwood Monument
Beyond the Battery and commanding the attention of all shipping on the Tyne is the giant memorial to Lord Collingwood, Nelson's second-in-command at Trafalgar, who completed the victory after Nelson was killed. Erected in 1845, the monument was designed by John Dobson[disambiguation needed ] and the statue was sculpted by John Graham Lough. The figure is some 23 feet (7.0 m) tall and stands on a massive base incorporating a flight of steps flanked by four cannons from The Royal Sovereign - Collingwood's ship at Trafalgar.
The Black Middens
These rocks in the Tyne near the Monument are covered at high water and over the centuries have claimed many ships who "switched off" after safely negotiating the river entrance. In 1864, the Middens claimed 5 ships in 3 days with many deaths, although the wrecks were only a few yards from the shore.
Tynemouth has long been associated with the Roman Catholic Church. In Front Street, there is only one church; The Parish of Our Lady & St. Oswin's. Since the church was built in 1890 by local Newcastle architects, there has been a strong following. The area of Tynemouth and neighbouring North Shields has a Roman Catholic strong-hold, with the majority of residents identifying themselves as Catholics. The church has been an important part of the community here since it was built.
Sea to Sea Cycle Route
Blue Reef Aquarium
Grand Parade, Tynemouth
Undersea aquatic park, containing seahorses, sharks, giant octopus, frogs, otters and many other creatures. It Seal Cove a purpose-built outdoor facility providing an environment for a captive-bred colony of harbour seals.
The 500,000-litre pool includes rocky haul-out areas and underwater caves, specially created to ensure marine mammals are kept in near natural conditions.
A ramped walkway and viewing panels have been provided so visitors have an opportunity to admire the creatures from both above and below the waterline.
- Susan Mary Auld - naval architect
- Thomas Bewick - engraver, spent many holidays at Bank Top and wrote most of his memoirs there in 1822
- Septimus Brutton - played a single first-class cricket match for Hampshire in 1904
- Harriet Martineau - novelist and journalist, lived at 57 Front Street 1840-45, now The Martineau Guest House named in her honour. She wrote three books here and some hundred pages of her autobiography are devoted to the Tynemouth period. Her eminent visitors included Richard Cobden and Thomas Carlyle. Carlyle (a Scotsman) considered that Tynemouth residents were Scottish in their features, character and dialect.
- Giuseppe Garibaldi - sailed into to the mouth of the River Tyne in 1854 and briefly stayed in Huntingdon Place. The house is marked by a commemorative plaque
- Andy Taylor - former lead guitarist for the New Wave group Duran Duran, was born and raised in Tynemouth, the son of a fisherman who raised him as a single parent after Taylor's mother abandoned the family.
- Henry Treece - Poet and editor, spent 1935-38 teaching at Tynemouth School for Boys. He certainly wrote one story set locally, The Black Longship in his collection The Invaders
- Ridley Scott - film director, was a pupil at The King's School
Charles Dickens visited Tynemouth and wrote in a letter from Newcastle, dated 4 March 1867:
'We escaped to Tynemouth for a two hours' sea walk. There was a high wind blowing, and a magnificent sea running. Large vessels were being towed in and out over the stormy bar with prodigious waves breaking on it; and, spanning the restless uproar of the waters, was a quiet rainbow of transcendent beauty. the scene was quite wonderful. We were in the full enjoyment of it when a heavy sea caught us, knocked us over, and in a moment drenched us and filled even our pockets.'
Giuseppe Garibaldi Stayed in the village in 1854 when he sat on an eccles cake, creating the first Garibaldi biscuit.
Lewis Carroll states in the first surviving diary of his early manhood, that he met 'three nice little children' belonging to a Mrs Crawshay in Tynemouth on 21 August 1855. He remarks: 'I took a great fancy to Florence, the eldest, a child of very sweet manners...'
Algernon Charles Swinburne arrived hot foot from Wallington Hall in December 1862 and proceeded to accompany William Bell Scott and his guests, probably including Dante Gabriel Rossetti on a trip to Tynemouth. Scott writes that as they walked by the sea, Swinburne declaimed his Hymn to Proserpine and Laus Veneris in his strange intonation, while the waves ‘were running the whole length of the long level sands towards Cullercoats and sounding like far-off acclamations’.
Peter the Great of Russia is reputed to have stayed briefly in Tynemouth while on an incognito visit to learn about shipbuilding on the Tyne. He was fascinated by shipbuilding and Western life. Standing 6 feet 8 inches (203 cm) and with body-guards, he would not have been troubled by the locals.
Fish Quay festival
North Shields Fish Quay a fishing port located close to the mouth of the River Tyne, in North Shields, Tyne and Wear, North East England, 8 miles (13 km) east of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne.
The quay began life in 1225 as a simple village of shielings (huts) from which the town of North Shields takes its name. The quay was originally located here to serve the nearby Tynemouth Castle and Priory.
The growth of North Shields was at one time restricted due to fear that it would take trade from neighbouring Newcastle upon Tyne, which was the region's leading port at the time.
Clifford's Fort, located on the Fish Quay was built in the 17th century (1672) as a coastal defence against the Dutch. The Fort also played a role during the Napoleonic Wars. The fort was named after Lord Clifford of Cabal. It is now a scheduled Ancient Monument.
Every Spring Bank Holiday (since 1987) the Fish Quay hosts a mammoth free family festival, with hundreds of stalls and entertainments stretching the full length of the Quay. The Fish Quay Festival generally has several stages featuring different styles of music from the area and around the world, along with copious amount of food, and the traditional "blessing of the fleet". The Festival was sponsored by the mobile phone company Orange in 2001 and 2002 and was known as the Orange WOW (Window on the World) festival at that time but they discontinued their support.[clarification needed] Jack Gibbon, the original founder of the Fish Quay Festival quoted when he first started this to the local newspaper the Evening Chronicle, that he was "extremely delighted" with how the festival went, and hoped it could turn into an annual event.
The 2001 was held over the weekend of 26–28 May. The line up included The Levellers and Arthur Brown.
The 2002 line up included performances from over 80 artists and bands from all over the world, including Bob Geldof and Iona. There were five stages of music - Jazz, Dance, World Music, folk music and local bands. It was the biggest free festival in Europe, attracting thousands of visitors.
Other headline acts over the years have included Jools Holland (1999 - aired on Radio 2), Eddi Reader, Paul Young and Asian Dub Foundation.
The festival was scaled back in 2003.
In 2006 North Tyneside Council decided not to hold the Fish Quay Festival, due mainly to the longterm redevelopment work (including construction work) that was ongoing on the Fish Quay. A council report recommended that the future of the festival should be heritage based. The building work in the Fish Quay area is still ongoing (March 9). The Mouth of The Tyne festival currently continues the local festival tradition. This annual free festival is held jointly between Tynemouth and South Shields and includes a world class open air concert at Tynemouth Priory.
Mouth of Tyne festival
Starting in 2005 and continuing annually, the Mouth Of Tyne Festival (also known as the MOTFest) expands upon the Fish Quay Festival. It is staged in Tynemouth and South Shields on the opposite bank of the Tyne and includes live world music, cultural performances, processions and pyrotechnics, as well as art displays.
Tynemouth Pageant is a community organisation in North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, England, devoted to staging an open-air dramatic pageant every three years in the grounds of Tynemouth Castle and Priory, by kind permission of English Heritage who run the historic monastic and defensive site at the mouth of the River Tyne.
In popular culture
- Many of the books of prize-winning children's author Robert Westall are set in Tynemouth.
- The 80's television series Supergran was predominantly filmed in Tynemouth and the flying bicycle and other artefacts used in filming were until 2006 on permanent display in the Land of Green Ginger (converted Congregational Church) on Front Street.
- Much of the 2004/5 BBC television series 55 Degrees North, starring Don Gilet and Dervla Kirwan was filmed in and around Tynemouth, including the location of Nicky and Errol's houses.
- In the 2005 film Goal!, the lead character played by Kuno Becker trains by running along Tynemouth Longsands.
- ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 2009-08-26
- ^ Pevsner,Buildings of England,Northumberland
- ^ Pevsner: Buildings of England, Northumberland
- ^ Coast to Coast guide
- ^ De Graaf, Kasper, and Garrett, Malcolm. Duran Duran: Their Story. Published in 1982.
- ^ Story told by Russian guide in St. Petersberg, 1998
- ^ 
- Tynemouth, in video and pictures (personal website)
- Tynemouth Priory at the English Heritage website
- A guide to Tynemouth market
Coastal settlements of Tyne and Wear
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Tynemouth — [ taɪnmaʊθ], Stadt in der Metropolitan County Tyne and Wear, Nordostengland, an der Mündung des Tyne, 17 400 Einwohner; Seehafen, Fischerei; mehrere Nordseebäder (u. a. Ortsteile Cullercoats und Whitley Bay). Stadtbild: Von den Bauten der… … Universal-Lexikon
Tynemouth — (spr. Teinmösh), Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Northumberland, an der Mündung der Tyne in die Nordsee, mit Newcastle durch Eisenbahn verbunden; Handel, Salzwerke, Seebad, Leuchtthurm; 12,000 Ew. Der Parliamentary Borough T. umfaßt die Orte T … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Tynemouth — (spr. tainmöth), Stadt (municipal borough) und besuchtes Seebad in der engl. Grafschaft Northumberland, auf einem Vorgebirge an der Mündung des Tyne gelegen, hat ein altes Schloß (jetzt Kaserne), Ruinen einer Abtei im früh normannischen Stil (im… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Tynemouth — (spr. teinmöth), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Northumberland, an der Mündung des Tyne in die Nordsee, (1901) 51.366 E., Hafen von Newcastle upon Tyne, Kohlenausfuhr, Seebad … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
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Tynemouth — Original name in latin Tynemouth Name in other language Tynemouth State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.01788 latitude 1.42559 altitude 35 Population 17436 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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