Coordinates: Teesside is the name given to the conurbation in the north east of England made up of the towns of Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees, Redcar, Billingham and surrounding settlements near the River Tees. It was also the name of a local government district between 1968 and 1974—the County Borough of Teesside. Teesside remains an important centre for heavy industry, although the number of people employed has declined. Traditional industries have been replaced by high technology activities, science development and service sector roles.
In 1974 the County Borough of Teesside was absorbed into the larger non-metropolitan county of Cleveland along with the towns of Hartlepool and Guisborough. The Teesside area was partitioned between the boroughs of Stockton-on-Tees, Middlesbrough and Langbaurgh, with the wards of Billingham East & West, Grangefield, Hartburn, Mile House, North End, Norton, Stockton South, Thornaby East & West going to Stockton; the wards of Coatham, Eston Grange, Kirkleatham, Ormesby, Redcar and South Bank going to Langbaurgh; and the rest going to Middlesbrough.
Local government reorganisation in 1996, recommended by the Banham Review, saw the county of Cleveland broken up into the four independent unitary authority boroughs of Hartlepool, Stockton, Middlesbrough and Redcar and Cleveland (a renamed Langbaurgh). At this time they were returned to the counties of North Yorkshire and County Durham for ceremonial purposes, with Stockton-on-Tees becoming the only district in England split between two ceremonial counties. In 1998 the neighbouring Borough of Darlington also became an independent unitary authority and this along with the four former Cleveland boroughs form the sub-region of the Tees Valley which is used for statistical purposes and governmental organisation. The name Tees Valley is increasingly promoted for economic and cultural connections, but is seen by many residents as little more than another example of unwanted rebranding. Teesside, Cleveland and the former historic county names of Yorkshire and Durham remain popular in everyday usage, e.g. Cleveland Police and Cleveland Fire Brigade still carry the county name even though the county was abolished in 1996. On items of post, it is very common to see Cleveland as the county (rather in the same way Middlesex lingers) - although Royal Mail will not commit to any county name, citing that post towns and postcodes are adequate for all UK areas. To quote a local resident recently interviewed by the BBC, "Say Teesside, write Cleveland".
The Teesside Urban Area identified by the ONS for statistical purposes had a population of around 365,323 according to the 2001 census, and had the following urban sub-areas
Eaglescliffe and Yarm are counted as a separate Eaglescliffe urban area, separated by a narrow gap, which has a population of 18,335. Infilling development may join the two urban areas together. Nearby Hartlepool is also sometimes considered as part of Teesside. The Hartlepool area has an urban population of 86,085 and this can be referred to as the Teesside & Hartlepool Urban Area. If this definition is taken into consideration, with the addition of the Eaglescliffe area, Teesside would have a population of approximately 469,743 people.
Uses in local culture
Teesside continues to be used locally to refer the entire urban area and the name can still be seen in the following uses:
- Teesside University
- Teesside retail and leisure park which was founded by the now defunct Teesside Development Corporation
- TS postcode area which is officially known as the 'Cleveland postal area' by Royal Mail, but was clearly formed from Teesside.
- Teesside International Airport renamed in 2004 as Durham Tees Valley Airport
- Teesside continues to be used as signed destination on UK road signs. It is only once the actual boroughs are entered that local town names are used.
It has also been adopted for various other purposes as a euphemism for the former county of Cleveland. The area has become, partially through Middlesbrough Football Club, affectionately named by locals as The People's Republic of Teesside.
It is very common to see Teesside wrongly spelled as Teeside, wherein people have dropped the second 's'.
- Trolleybuses in Teesside
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TEESSIDE — Conurbation de l’estuaire de la Tees, en Grande Bretagne, dans le comté de Cleveland, formée en 1968 par la réunion des villes de Stockton on Tees et de Billingham, sur la rive gauche de la Tees et de Thornaby on Tees, Middlesbrough, Lackenby,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Teesside — [Teesside] an industrial area in north east England, consisting mainly of the port of Middlesbrough and its surrounding areas. Its main industries have been steel, chemicals and shipbuilding, although in the last years of the 20th century these… … Useful english dictionary
Teesside — Panoramaaufnahme von Middlesbrough Teesside ist eine Konurbation im Nordosten Englands um die Städte Middlesbrough, Stockton on Tees, Redcar und Billingham. Von 1969 bis 1974 war es zudem die Bezeichnung eines County Boroughs der Gegend. Benannt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Teesside — geographical name urban area N England on the Tees … New Collegiate Dictionary
Teesside — an industrial area in north east England, consisting mainly of the port of Middlesborough and its surrounding areas. Its main industries have been steel, chemicals and shipbuilding, although in the last years of the 20th century these industries… … Universalium
Teesside — noun /ˈtiː(z)ˌsaɪd/ A conurbation in North East England encompassing the towns of Middlesbrough, Stockton on Tees, Redcar and surrounding settlements … Wiktionary
Teesside — /ˈtizsaɪd/ (say teezsuyd) noun an English industrial region around the lower Tees valley and estuary; formerly a county borough … Australian English dictionary
Teesside University — Motto Latin: Facta non verba Motto in English Deeds Not Words … Wikipedia
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