infobox UK place
country = England
population = 12,000
region= North West England
postcode_district = BB18
static_image_caption=A view over Barnoldswick, towards
Barnoldswick (colloquially known as Barlick) is a town and
civil parishwithin the West Cravenarea of the Pendledistrict of Lancashire, Englandjust outside the Yorkshire Dales National Parkand the Forest of BowlandArea of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The town is built in the shadow of Weets Hill, and Stock Beck, a tributary of the River Ribbleruns through the town.
Historically a part of the
West Riding of Yorkshire, and nestling on the lower slopes of Weets Hill in the Penninesastride the natural watershed between the Ribble and Aire valleys, Barnoldswick is the highest town on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal,Fact|date=April 2008 in-between Clitheroein Lancashire and Skiptonin North Yorkshire, and approximately 30 miles from the cities of Leeds, Manchesterand Preston.
Barnoldswick is one of the longest place names in the
United Kingdomwithout repeating any letters. Buckfastleighin Devon is longer with 13 letters.
Barnoldswick dates back to
Vikingtimes. It was listed in Domesday Bookas Bernulfsuuick, meaning Bernulf's Town (uuic being an archaic spelling of wick, meaning settlement). [ [http://www.kabrna.com/barlick/barlick_frames.htm Barnoldswick History] ] [ [http://www.my-barlick.me.uk/index2.html Early History of Barnoldswick] ]
Cistercian monasterywas founded there in 1147 by monks from Fountains Abbey. However they left after six years, before construction was complete, driven out by crop failures and locals unhappy at their interference in the affairs of the local church. They went on to build Kirkstall Abbey. They returned after another ten years to build the isolated church of St Mary-le-Gillclose to Barnoldswick to Thornton in Cravenroad.
For hundreds of years Barnoldswick remained a small village, however the arrival of the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal, and later the (now closed) railway, spurred the development of the existing woolen industry, and helped it to become a major cotton town. The engine of the last mill, Bancroft Mill, has been preserved and is now open as a tourist attraction - a 600HP steam engine which still can operate. [ [http://www.bancroftmill.org.uk Bancroft Mill] ]
From 1899 until 1974, Barnoldswick lay within the administrative county of the
West Riding of Yorkshire(although Blackburnshirein Lancashire sometimes claimed the area [ [http://cistercians.shef.ac.uk/kirkstall/lands/lands8.php Monks' Lands at Barnoldswick] ] [ [http://www.barrowford.org/page13.html Local Area History] ] [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=36238 House of Kirkstall history] ] . More informally, post used to be addressed via Colne, Lancashire, to addresses in Barnoldswick - prior to 1974. Barnoldswick has had a Burnleytelephone code even when it was in Yorkshire. Then, following the Local Government Act 1972, Barnoldswick and a number of surrounding Yorkshire villages, including Earby, Waddingtonand Gisburn, were transferred to the Pendledistrict of the Non-metropolitan countyof Lancashire in 1974.
At present, Barnoldswick [ [http://www.pendle.net/barnoldswick/ About Barnoldswick] ] has a Town Parish Council, which is part of the
West CravenArea Committee on Pendle Borough Council. [ [http://www.pendlelife.co.uk/roundabout/opencms/directory/town_and_parish_councils/barnoldswicktowncouncil/index.html Barnoldswick Town Council] ] [ [http://www.pendle.gov.uk/site/scripts/documents_info.php?documentID=61&pageNumber=16 West Craven Committee (Pendle Borough Council)] ]
Barnoldswick can only receive TV from Leeds;
ITV( Yorkshire Television) and BBC Northare both transmitted from the TV mast at East Marton, 3 miles north-east of Barnoldswick. [ [http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/skipton.php Craven/Skipton Area TV Transmitter] ] TV transmissions from the North-West region BBC North Westand ITV( Granada Television) are blocked by Weets Hill. Radio reception is also restricted in the town. There is a local low-power FM relay station, transmitting the four main BBC national radio stations (Radio 1 to 4), but no local stations. [ [http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/barnoldswick.php Local BBC FM Transmitter] ] Fresh Radio[ [http://www.freshradio.co.uk Fresh Radio Website] ] in Skiptonclaims to cover the area on AM – 1413 kHz.
The local press is published twice weekly; the
Barnoldswick and Earby Timesis published on Fridays and the Pendle Expressis published on Tuesdays. The daily Lancashire Telegraph newspaper covers Barnoldswick in its Burnley, Pendle and Rossendale edition. Some of the Yorkshire press is circulated in the area, owing to both the geographical anomaly and the fact that many of the population still consider themselves "Yorkshire folk". The weekly, Skipton-based Craven Herald & Pioneer [http://www.cravenherald.co.uk/] and the daily, Leeds-based Yorkshire Postnewspapers are prominent.
Rolls Royce plcis a large employer based in the town. It was originally a Rover (car)plant that Rolls Royce purchased in 1943. [ [http://www.nwda.co.uk/news--events/press-releases/200601/rolls-royce-opens-new-manufact.aspx North West Development Agency Press Release 2006] ] The model number of many Rolls Royce jet engines start with the initials RB (eg. RB199) which stands for Rolls Barnoldswick, as Rolls Royce aero's design centre is situated in Barnoldswick. [ [http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/office_of_the_chief_executive/lancashireprofile/aero/aeroheritage.asp LCC Lancashire Aerospace Heritage] ]
Besides Rolls Royce being a major employer based in the town,
Silentnight, part of the Silentnight Group; which produces beds and mattresses at several sites across the UK, is also a large employer, with the head office and manufacturing premises in the town. [ [http://www.silentnightgroup.co.uk/ Silentnight Group Website] ] [ [http://www.silentnight.co.uk/ Silentnight Beds Website] ]
Barnoldswick is served by four primary schools; Gisburn Road, Church School and Coates Lane are non-denominational schools, whilst St. Joseph's caters to the town's Catholic population. Most secondary age students attend
West Craven High Technology College, a Technology specialist school situated in Barnoldswick itself, though a significant minority of students attend Fisher More RC Schoolin Colne, and the Skipton Grammar Schools, Ermysted'sand Skipton Girl's High School.
Barnoldswick is often cited as the largest town in the British Isles not to be served by any A-roads. However, in spite of this, road links to the town are comparatively good; easy access to the M65, A650 and A59 means that
Manchester, Preston, Leeds, Bradfordand Yorkcan all be reached in an hour by car.
Barnoldswick was formerly served by
Barnoldswick railway station, the only station on the Midland Railway's branch line off the Skipton to Colne Line, though this was shut under the Beeching Axein 1965. The pressure group Selrapis currently campaigning for the reopening of the Skipton to Colne line, and although their plans do not include the Barnoldswick Branch, rail travel to the town would be improved by such a reopening. At present, would-be rail passengers must travel via Colne for trains serving Lancashire, or via Skipton for trains serving North and West Yorkshire.
Public transport to the town is therefore restricted to buses. Pennine Motors [http://www.pennine-bus.co.uk/215.htm] services from Burnley to Skipton operate every hour, and there are three buses per hour operated by
Burnley & Pendleto Colne, Nelson, Burnley and beyond. An infrequent (approx. 2-hourly) service to Clitheroe and Preston is operated by Lancashire United.
The nearest airports are Manchester (about 1¼ hours by car or about 3 hours by public transport) and Leeds Bradford (just over 1 hour by car or about 2 hours by public transport). [http://www.transportdirect.info/Web2/JourneyPlanning/JourneyPlannerInput.aspx]
* [http://www.barnoldswicktowncouncil.gov.uk Barnoldswick Town Council web-site]
* [http://www.westcravenonline.org.uk West Craven Online]
* [http://www.towpathtreks.co.uk/LLC/foulridge_greenberfield.html#rainhall The Leeds Liverpool canal at Barnoldswick] http://www.towpathtreks.co.uk
* [http://www.pluggy.me.uk Stephen Taylforth's Homepage - with a large collection of photographs]
* [http://www.oneguyfrombarlick.co.uk One Guy from Barlick] , a local history site.
* [http://barnoldswick.blogspot.com Barnoldswick History Weblog]
* [http://www.pendle.net/Barnoldswick/ Barnoldswick at Pendle.net]
* [http://www.kabrna.com/barlick/barlick_frames.htm Paul Kabrna's look at Barnoldswick]
* [http://www.pbsco.com/nonprofit/unite.html Unite Craven Campaign]
* [http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/environment/oldmap/os1845/barny/barny.htm Historic map of town] , provided by Lancashire County Council.
* [http://www.my-barlick.me.uk My-Barlick web site of Trevor Ashby]
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