- Elections in Finland
Elections in Finland gives information on
electionand election results in Finland.
On national level Finland elects a
head of state- the president- and a legislature. The president is elected for a six year term by the people. The Parliament ("Eduskunta/Riksdagen") has 200 members, elected for a four year term by proportional representationin multi-seat constituencies. Finland has a multi-partysystem, with three strong parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
In addition to the presidential and parliamentary elections, there are European Parliament elections every five years, and local municipal elections (held simultaneously in every municipality) every four years.
President of Finland"
The president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term. An election was last held
January 15, 2006(second round on January 29, 2006). See also: Finnish presidential election, 2006. The previous presidential election was held February 6, 2000. The official dates for 2012-election have not been set.
2006 Presidential election
2000 Presidential election
SDP's winning candidate was
Tarja Halonen. National Coalition's candidate Riitta Uosukainenwas clearly left out of the second round, after Sauli Niinistödeclined candidacy. Center Party's candidate Esko Ahoqualified for the runoff, and was defeated by a one-percent margin in the runoff by Tarja Halonen.
1994 Presidential election
Parliament of Finland"
Finland's proportional representation system encourages a multitude of political parties and has resulted in many coalition-cabinets. The
Prime Minister of Finlandis appointed by the president, based on the vote in the parliamentary elections. Usually the chairman of the biggest party becomes the next prime minister.
In the parliamentary elections of
16 March 2003, there were two dominating parties: the Center Party (KESK) got 55 seats, and the Social Democratic Party (SDP) got 53 seats, in the 200-seat Eduskunta. A new cabinet was formed by Center and Social Democrats together with the Swedish People's Party.
In the parliamentary elections of 2007, the Center Party retained its lead at 51 seats, but the election was a major victory for the National Coalition, which got 50 seats, and a major loss to SDP, which got 48 seats, losing 8 seats. A new coalition cabinet,
Vanhanen II, between Center, Coalition, Greens, and the Swedish People's Party was formed.
2007 Parliamentary election
Elections in the European Union
2004 Elections in the European Union in Finland
1999 Elections in the European Union in Finland
1996 Elections in the European Union in Finland
EU membership referendum
Government of Finland
President of Finland
List of political parties in Finland
List of political parties in Åland
* [http://www.vaalit.fi/14173.htm Finnish Ministry of Justice website about elections in Finland]
* [http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/f/finland/ Adam Carr's Election Archive]
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