- Act of Security 1704
The Act of Security 1704 (also referred to as the Act for the Security of the Kingdom) was a response by the
Parliament of Scotlandto the Parliament of England's Act of Settlement 1701. Queen Anne's last surviving child, William, Duke of Gloucesterhad died in 1700, and both parliaments needed to find a Protestantsuccessor. The English Parliament had settled on Electress Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of King James VI of Scotland, without consulting the Scottish Parliament.
The response of the Scottish Parliament was to pass a bill in
1703requiring that, on the death of Queen Anne without issue, the three Estates of the Parliament were to appoint a Protestant successor from the descendants of the Scottish kings, but not the English successor unless various economic, political and religious conditions were met. The bill was refused Royal Assentby the Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland.
The following year,
1704, the bill became an Act after the Scottish Parliament refused to raise taxes and sought to withdraw troops from the Duke of Marlborough's army in the War of the Spanish Successionunless Royal Assent was given.
The English Parliament retaliated with the 1705 "Alien Act", threatening to cut
tradeand free movement between the two countries, unless negotiations opened leading either to the repeal of the "Act of Security", or (as in the event happened) to the "Act of Union" in 1707. The end result was the Union of Englandand Scotlandinto the Kingdom of Great Britain, approximately one hundred years after the Union of the Crowns.
Although deemed void by the Act of Union, the
Parliament of Great Britainpassed an Act ( Repeal of Certain Scotch Acts 17076 Ann. c. 32) explicitly repealing this Act together with the Act anent Peace and War.
List of Acts of the Scottish Parliament to 1707
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