- Timeline of South Australian history
This is a Timeline of
*1627: First recorded European sighting of the South Australian coast.
*1802: South Australian coastline mapped by
Matthew Flindersand Nicolas Baudin.
*1802 (Circa): Unofficial settlement of
Kangaroo Islandby sealers.
Charles Sturttravels to the mouth of the Murray Riverin a whale boat.
Collet Barkerexplores the Adelaide Plainsand climbs to the summit of Mount Lofty.
*1836: South Australia proclaimed by Governor
John Hindmarshon December 28at the Old Gum Tree, Glenelg.
*1836: Site for Adelaide chosen by Colonel William Light beside the
*1837: Colonel Light completes survey of Adelaide and designs the city's grid layout. Allotments of one acres are made.
*1837: Adelaide's first hospital opens on North Terrace.
*1838: The first
Australian police force is formed in Adelaide, the South Australia Police.
*1838: First German immigrants arrive and settle in Adelaide and surrounds.
*1839: Colonel Light dies at Thebarton and is interred in Light Square beneath a memorial.
*1839: The first road in South Australia, Port Road is opened.
Edward John Eyrebegins his explorations of the Flinders Rangesand beyond.
*1840: The first portion of Government House is completed, becoming the first in Australia.
Royal Adelaide Showheld for the first time.
*1840: The Corporation of Adelaide is founded as the first municipal authority in Australia.
*1840: All 26 survivors of the shipwreck "Maria" are murdered by Aboriginals in mysterious circumstances along the
*1841: Construction of
*1841: Adelaide Hospital (later Royal) opened.
*1842: Copper is discovered at Kapunda.
*1843: The first Legislative Council building opens on North Terrace.
*1844: The colonial Government takes control of the Corporation of Adelaide.
*1845: Copper is discovered at Burra.
Port Piriefounded on the upper Spencer Gulf
John Ainsworth Horrocksdies while exploring land to the northwest of Lake Torrens.
*1847: St Peter's College established.
Pulteney Grammar Schoolestablished.
*1850: The forerunner to
Harris Scarfe, G. P. Harris and J. C. Lanyon, opened on Hindley Street.
*1852: The Corporation of Adelaide is reconstituted. First transport of gold overland arrived in Adelaide.
*1854: The township of
Port Augustaat the head of Spencer Gulfis surveyed.
South Australian Institute, from which the State Library, State Museum and Art Gallery derived, is founded.
*1856: First telegraph line and steam railway between Adelaide and Port Adelaide opened.
*1856: South Australia becomes one of the first places in the world to enact the
Adelaide Botanic Gardensopened at today's site in the Parklands of North Terrace.
*1858: Melbourne-Adelaide telegraph line opened.
*1858: The first edition of The Advertiser newspaper is published.
*1859: A jetty of more the 350 metres in length is constructed at Glenelg.
Shipwreck of SS Admellaoff Carpenter Rocks in the South East. 89 dead. Worst maritime disaster to this day
Thorndon Park Reservoirsupplied water through new reticulation system.
*1861: East Terrace markets opened.
*1861: Copper discovered at Moonta, on the
*1863: First gas supplied to city.
John McDouall Stuartsuccessfully crosses the continent from north to south on his sixth attempt.
Bank of Adelaidefounded.
*1866: The Italianate
Adelaide Town Hallopened.
*1867: Prince Alfred,
Duke of Edinburgh, made first royal visit to Adelaide.
*1869: The City Market (later Central) opened on Grote Street.
*1869: Prince Alfred College opened
Port Adelaide Football Clubestablished.
*1872: The General Post Office opened. Adelaide became first Australian capital linked to Imperial
Londonwith completion of the Overland Telegraph.
*1873: First cricket match played at
*1874: The Adelaide Oval is officially opened.
University of Adelaidefounded.
*1876: Adelaide Children's Hospital founded.
Adelaide Bridgeacross the Torrens completed.
*1877: Copper mines at Burra and Kapunda close.
*1878: First horse-drawn trams in Australia commenced operations in the city.
*1879: Foundation stone of the University of Adelaide laid.
*1880: Telephone introduced in South Australia.
Art Gallery of South Australiaopened by Prince Albert Victor.
Torrens Lakecreated following the construction of weir.
Coopers Breweryis established.
*1881: Drought ruins thousands of farmers on marginal land in the
Mid Northand Goyder's Line is recognised as the limit to agricultural settlement.
*1882: First water-borne sewerage service in Australia commenced.
*1882: The City Baths opened on King William Street.
*1883: Adelaide Zoological Gardens opened.
Adelaide Trades and Labor Councilinaugurated.
Largs Bay Fortopens.
Flinders Columnerected at the Mount Lofty Summit.
*1887: Express train services between Adelaide and Melbourne commences.
Stock Exchange of Adelaideforms.
*1889: School of Mines and Industries opens on North Terrace.
*1889: Lead smelters built at
*1890: First public statue, Venus, unveiled on North Terrace.
Central Australia Railwayreaches Oodnadatta in the far north.
*1894: The world's second Act granting women suffrage passed in Parliament House on North Terrace.
*1896: Moving pictures shown for first time in South Australia at Theatre Royal on Hindley Street.
Happy Valley Reservoiropened.
*1899: South Australian contingent leaves Adelaide for the
Second Boer War.
*1900: First electricity station opened in South Australia at Grenfell Street.
*1901: Adelaide became a state capital upon the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January. The Duke and Duchess of York visit.
Whyallafounded on the upper Spencer Gulf as a port for iron ore from the Middleback Ranges
Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchangeopens in the East End.
Flag of South Australiais officially adopted.
*1908: Outer Harbor opens.
Adelaide High Schoolestablished.
*1909: Electric tram services begin.
Verco Building, an early 'skyscraper', is built on North Terrace.
*1913: Metropolitan abattoirs open.
*1914: South Australian troops join their Australian comrades in Europe to fight in the
*1915: Liquor bars close at 6pm following referendum.
*1917: German private schools close because of the Great War.
*1917: First trains to Perth following completion of East-West continental railway.
*1919: Adelaide awarded official city status and Mayor became Lord Mayor.
*1924: Radio broadcasting begins.
James Cyril Stobieinvents the Stobie pole, now a South Australian icon.
*1927: North-South railway extended.
*1927: Duke and Duchess of York visit.
*1929: Electric service to Glenelg commences.
*1932: Local government overhauled when Government redifined boundaries and names and abolished others.
Adelaide Christmas Pageantorganised by John Martins. [http://www.spiritofjohnmartins.org/index.php?sId=2] [http://www.cupageant.com.au/history_first_pageant.html]
*1935: Many German place names, which had been changed during the
Great War, are restored.
*1936: South Australia celebrates its centenary.
South Australian Housing Trustis founded.
trolley busservices commence.
*1937: First permanent traffic signals installed.
*1937: Outbreak of
South Australian Housing Trustcompletes first dwelling.
*1939: Worst heat wave recorded with disastrous
bushfires and highest Adelaide temperature of 47.6° Celsius.
*1939: New Parliament House opened on North Terrace by the Governor-General Lord Gowrie.
*1942: Rationing of tea and clothing introduced.
*1943: Rationing of butter introduced.
*1944: Rationing of meat introduced.
*1945: Gas and electricity restrictions imposed.
*1947: Orchards ripped up following discovery of fruit fly in the metropolitan area.
*1948: Glenelg jetty destroyed and widespread damage caused by severe storms.
*1948: Clothing and meat rationing abolished.
*1948: Holden begins production.
*1950: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Thomas Playford, holds onto government.
*1950: Petrol, butter and tea rationing abolished.
*1953: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Thomas Playford, holds onto government.
Port Pirieproclaimed South Australia's first provincial city
*1954: Adelaide is hit by a severe earthquake.
*1954: Queen Elizabeth II makes first sovereign visit to Adelaide.
Mannum-Adelaide pipelinecompleted, pumping water from the River Murrayto metropolitan reservoirs.
Adelaide Airportat West Beach opens.
*1955: Elizabeth officially proclaimed.
*1956: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Thomas Playford, holds onto government.
*1958: Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, visit Adelaide.
*1958: First parking meters installed.
South Para Reservoiropened and connected to Adelaide water supply.
*1958: Last street tram removed, leaving only the
*1959: Television broadcasting commences in Adelaide with
NWS-9. ADS-7 (now ADS-10) begins broadcasting one month later.
*1959: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Thomas Playford, holds onto government.
Adelaide Festival of Artsheld for the first time.
*1962: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Thomas Playford, holds onto government.
*1963: Port Stanvac oil refinery begins operations.
*1963: Queen Elizabeth II visits Adelaide.
*1964: Record wind gust of 148 kilometres per hour recorded in Adelaide.
*1965: State Election: The Labor Party, led by
Frank Walsh, wins government for the first time in 33 years.
*1965: Television station SAS-10 (Now
SAS-7) begins broadcasting.
Flinders Universityopens at Bedford Park.
Beaumont childrengo missing at Glenelgbeach.
*1967: Lotteries commence in South Australia.Liquor trading hours extended.Torrens Island, South Australia power station begins operations. Premier, Frank Walsh retires and is replaced by
Don Dunstan. 1968: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by Steele Hall, wins government.
*1970: State Election: The Labor Party, led by Don Dunstan, wins government.South Australia becomes first state to reform abortion laws.
*1971: Fluoridation of water supply commences.
*1973: State Election: The Labor Party, led by Don Dunstan, holds onto government. New hospital opens at Modbury. Two children disappear from
Adelaide Ovaland are never seen again.
*1974: Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, visits Adelaide.
*1975: State Election: The Labor Party, led by Don Dunstan, holds onto government. The
Internation Equestrian Expositionis held in Adelaide and attended by Princess Anne, The Princess Royal. The Adelaide City Council adopts the City of Adelaide Plan.
*1976: Rundle Mall, Australia's first pedestrian mall, opens between King William and Pulteney streets.
*1977: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Adelaide to open the
Adelaide Festival Centre.
*1977: Late night shopping commences.
*1978: The remains of seven women are found in bushland near Truro.
*1979: Don Dunstan resigns as Premier and is replaced by
*1979: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by
David Tonkin, wins government.
*1980: Thirty-five homes destroyed in an
*1981: Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales, visits Adelaide.
*1982: State Election: The Labor Party, led by
John Bannon, wins government.
*1982: International air services begin at Adelaide Airport.
Ash Wednesday firesclaim 28 lives throughout the state.
*1983: The Prince and Princess of Wales visits Adelaide.
Wendy Chapmanelected the first woman Lord Mayor of Adelaide.
*1984: South Australia officially adopts the current Coat of Arms (pictured right).
*1984: Keswick Railway Terminal opens.
*1985: State Election: The Labor Party, led by John Bannon, holds onto government.
Adelaide Casinoopens in the Adelaide Railway Stationas part of the multi-million dollar Adelaide Station and Environs Redevelopment.
*1985: The first
Australian Grand Prixheld on the Adelaide Street Circuit.
*1986: Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visit Adelaide.
Pope John Paul IIvisits Adelaide and holds Mass to a gathering of hundreds of thousands in the Adelaide Parklands.
South Australian Maritime Museumopens.
Collins Class submarinecontract awarded to the Australian Submarine Corporationat Outer Harbor.
Adelaide Convention Centreopens on North Terrace.
*1988: The Prince and Princess of Wales visits Adelaide.
*1989: State Election: The Labor Party, led by John Bannon, holds onto government.
Bicentennial Conservatoryopens at the Botanic Gardens.
State Bank of South Australiacollapses plunging South Australia into a debt of $3.1 billion.
University of South Australiaformed from a merger of several institutions.
*1991: The $40 million
Adelaide Entertainment Centreopened.
Adelaide Football Clubestablished and enters the AFL.
*1992: John Bannon resigns as Premier and is replaced by
*1992: The final edition of The News newspaper is published.
*1993: State Election: The Liberal Party, led by
Dean Brown, wins government in a landslide.
*1993: Poker machines installed for first time in South Australia.
*1994: Sunday trading introduced in the city centre.
*1994: High-speed ferry service from Glenelg to
Australian Grand Prixis held in Adelaide for the last time.
United Wateris contracted to manage Adelaide's water and sewerage systems.
*1995: The "Local Government (Boundary Reform) Act, 1995" passed to encourage municipal amalgamations, resulting in an overhaul of local government.
*1997: Port Adelaide Football Club enters the AFL. Adelaide Football Club wins its first AFL premiership. State Election: The Liberal Party, led by
John Olsen, narrowly holds onto government.
*1998: Adelaide Football Club wins its second AFL premiership.
*1999: Eight bodies are found in a disused bank volt in Snowtown, further bodies were later found, revealing Australia's worst serial killings.
*2001: John Olsen resigns as Premier and is replaced by
*2001: Construction of Alice Springs-Darwin track starts.
National Wine Centre of Australiaopens in the East Parklands.
*2002: State Election: The Labor Party, led by
Mike Rann, narrowly wins government.
*2003: The transcontinental railway line from Adelaide to Darwin is completed.
*2004: Port Adelaide wins its first AFL premiership.
*2004: First train travels on the completed
*2005: Nine people die in bushfires on the
*2006: State Election: The Labor Party, led by
Mike Rann, holds onto government with an increased majority.
History of South Australia
History of Adelaide
Governors of South Australia
Premiers of South Australia
List of Mayors and Lord Mayors of Adelaide
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