Canadian immigration and refugee law


Canadian immigration and refugee law

Canadian immigration and refugee law concerns the area of law related to the admission of foreign nationals into Canada, their rights and responsibilities once admitted, and the conditions of their removal. The primary law on these matters is in the "Immigration and Refugee Protection Act", which goals include economic growth, family reunification, and compliance with humanitarian treaties.

Enabling law

The primary statute is the "Immigration and Refugee Protection Act" (IRPA) which was introduced in 2002 to replace the former "Immigration Act" of 1976. The many changes included broader discretion for immigrations officers when evaluating applications. The IRPA is accompanied by the "Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations".

Other relevant legislation include the "Citizenship Act", and certain immigration and refugee-related provisions of the Criminal Code of Canada.

Admission classes

Canadian immigration policy allows several classes of people to enter. The Family Class allows permanent residents or citizens to sponsor a family member's entrance into the country. The Economic Class provides admission to applicants (and their immediate families) who are supposed to be likely to find employment and contribute to the Canadian economy. This is determined by the weighing of factors such as education, language skills, and work experience.

Claims and appeals

Claims for refugee status and for admissibility as well as appeals of the decisions of the immigration officers are direct to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. The Board is the largest tribunal in Canada and hears over 25,000 claims a year. Decision of the Board can be appealed to the Federal Court, which hears about 2,500 appeals on immigration and refugee matters a year.

ee also

* Immigration to Canada


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act — (IRPA) is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, passed in 2001 as Bill C 11, which replaced the Immigration Act of 1976 as the primary federal legislation regulating Immigration to Canada. The IRPA, for the most part, came into force on June 28,… …   Wikipedia

  • Law of Canada — The Canadian legal system has its foundation in the British common law system, inherited from being a former colony of the United Kingdom and later a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Quebec, however, still retains a civil system for issues… …   Wikipedia

  • Immigration to Canada — This article is part of a series Topics …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Society for Immigration Consultants — The Canadian Society of Immigration Consultants (CSIC) is an independent, not for profit, self regulatory body for immigration consultants. [ [http://www.csic scci.ca/content/mandate Mandate ] ] . It was incorporated on 8 October 2003 and became… …   Wikipedia

  • Law enforcement officer — A law enforcement officer (also called peace officer), in North America, is any public sector person charged with upholding the peace, mainly police officers, customs officers, correctional officers,probation officers, parole officers, auxiliary… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian nationality law — Immigration to Canada This article is part of a series Topics Canadians …   Wikipedia

  • Immigration — Immigrant redirects here. For other uses, see Immigrant (disambiguation). For the cellular automaton, see Immigration (CA). For the album by Show Ya, see Immigration (album). Net migration rates for 2011: positive (blue), negative (orange),… …   Wikipedia

  • Immigration to the United States — 2000 Census Population Ancestry Map Immigration to the United States has been a major source of …   Wikipedia

  • Law, Crime, and Law Enforcement — ▪ 2006 Introduction Trials of former heads of state, U.S. Supreme Court rulings on eminent domain and the death penalty, and high profile cases against former executives of large corporations were leading legal and criminal issues in 2005.… …   Universalium

  • Immigration New Zealand — See also: Immigration to New Zealand Immigration New Zealand or INZ (Māori: Ta Ratonga Manene; previously New Zealand Immigration Service, NZIS) is a part of the Workforce group of the New Zealand Department of Labour. It is responsible for… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.