Events and trends

* Frederick II ascends the throne of Prussia, upon the death of his father "Frederick William I of Prussia".
* Frederick II of Prussia invades the Austrian province of Silesia more or less starting the inevitable conflict known as the War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748).
* Bonnie Prince Charlie captures Edinburgh. The original version of God Save the Queen (at the time, it was God Save the King) is sung in England as a rallying cry to defeat Bonnie Prince Charlie.

World leaders

* Louis XV King of France (king from 1715 to 1774)
* Frederick II (later known as "the great") inherited the throne from his father, he ruled prussia from 1740 to 1786 (as King in Prussia from 1740 to 1772 and as King of Prussia from 1772 until his death in 1786)
* Maria Theresa of Austria, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary
* George II King of Great Britain (king from 1727 to 1760)
* Philip V King of Spain (king from 1700 to 1746)
* Ferdinand VI King of Spain (king from 1746 to 1759)
* Afsharid dynasty of Persia
# Nadir Shah, 1736-1747
# Adil Shah, 1747-1748
# Ebrahim Afshar, 1748
# Shah Rukh, 1748-1750
* Muhammad Shah (Mughal Empire) 1720-1748
* Bhonsle Dynasty of the Marathas
# Shahu 1707-1749
* Peshwa of the Marathas
# Balaji Baji Rao1740-1761

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