Greater London Urban Area


Greater London Urban Area

The Greater London Urban Area is the conurbation or continuous urban area based around London, in south east England with an estimated population of 8,505,000 in 2005 [ [http://esa.un.org/unup/index.asp?panel=2 United Nations World Urbanization Prospects, 2005 estimate for London] ] The urban area measured 1,623.3 km² as of the 2001 Census.

The Greater London Urban Area includes most, but not all of Greater London (for example excluding Biggin Hill, which is surrounded by countryside), while taking in many surrounding areas such as Hemel Hempstead, Woking and Dartford that aren't generally considered parts of London itself and lie outside London's borders. It is a wholly urban area, so it is not as large as the metropolitan area. The urban area does not include places such as Slough, Luton and Potters Bar, that have gaps of countryside in between the towns themselves and the main urban area of London. The Metropolitan area has a population of 12-14 million, depending on which borders are used. The figure used by Government agencies as the area to which people commute in to London from for work is also slightly different and is known as the Travel to Work Area.

The growth of the urban area's physical extent has largely been curtailed since the development of the Metropolitan Green Belt in 1938, which limited development within a ring of countryside around London. As London's economy has grown and house prices have risen this has led to the growth of the London commuter belt - the London urban area, plus a ring of towns that are physically separate from the urban area but still functionally operate largely as suburbs, with large proportions of their populations dependent on the urban area for employment.

Most of the population growth of the Greater London Urban Area is the result of brownfield development and increasing population density.

Constituent parts

At the time of the 2001 Census, the Office for National Statistics defined the Greater London Urban Area as being made up of the following localities.

Within Greater London

* Barking and Dagenham
* Barnet
* Bexley
* Brent
* Bromley
* Camden
* Croydon
* Ealing
* Enfield
* Greenwich
* Hackney
* Hammersmith and Fulham
* Haringey
* Harrow
* Havering
* Hillingdon
* Hounslow
* Islington
* Kensington and Chelsea
* Kingston upon Thames
* Lambeth
* Lewisham
* City of London
* Merton
* Newham
* Redbridge
* Richmond upon Thames
* Southwark
* Sutton
* Tower Hamlets
* Waltham Forest
* Wandsworth
* Westminster

"Note: these localities are not identical to the London Boroughs of the same name. While they often have similar boundaries, they include only those areas that fall within the Urban Area definition." [ [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/census2001/ks_ua_ew_part1.pdf Key Statistics for Urban Areas in England and Wales] Office for National Statistics (page 8 of the pdf)]

Outside Greater London

* Addlestone
* Amersham
* Ashtead
* Banstead/Tadworth
* Bushey
* Caterham and Warlingham
* Chertsey
* Cheshunt
* Chigwell
* Chorleywood
* Dartford
* Egham
* Epsom and Ewell
* Esher/Molesey
* Hemel Hempstead
* Hoddesdon
* Kings Langley
* Leatherhead
* Loughton
* Ottershaw
* Rickmansworth
* Shepperton
* South Oxhey
* Staines
* Sunbury
* Sunningdale/Ascot
* Virginia Water
* Waltham Abbey
* Walton and Weybridge
* Watford
* West End
* Windlesham
* Woking/Byfleet

References

External links

* [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Expodata/Spreadsheets/D8271.xls Population figures for Urban Areas in England and Wales]
* [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/census2001/ks_urban_south_east_part_8.pdf Map showing the extent of the Greater London Urban Area in 2001] (5.6Mb pdf)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Greater Manchester Urban Area — The Greater Manchester Urban Area is an area of land defined by the Office for National Statistics consisting of the large conurbation surrounding and including the City of Manchester in North West England. The Urban Area is not conterminous with …   Wikipedia

  • Greater Los Angeles Area — For the urban area consisting of Los Angeles and Orange Counties, see Los Angeles metropolitan area. Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Long Beach Riverside   CSA   …   Wikipedia

  • Greater London — infobox England region name = Greater London London region short name = London imagename = status = Region* Administrative area Ceremonial county† area km2 = 1,579 area mi2 = 609 area rank = 9th density = 4,758/km² (mid 2006) nuts = UKI… …   Wikipedia

  • Greater London Council — Infobox UK local authority name = Greater London Council hq = County Hall, Lambeth area = Greater London start = 1 April 1965 end = 31 March 1986 lawstart = London Government Act 1963 lawend = Local Government Act 1985 arms= type = County… …   Wikipedia

  • London Traffic Area — The London Traffic Area was established by the London Traffic Act 1924 in order to regulate the increasing amount of motor traffic in the London area. The LTA was abolished in 1965 on the establishment of the Greater London Council.The Traffic… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London — The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London, also known as the Herbert Commission, was established in 1957 and published its report in 1960. The report made recommendations for the overhaul of the administration of the capital that …   Wikipedia

  • List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater London — This is a list of the Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Greater London, which is part of south east England. In geographic terms, the area is split by the River Thames. Greater London has a population of 7,512,400 within an area of… …   Wikipedia

  • London — This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. For other uses, see London (disambiguation). London From upper left: City of London, Tower Bridge and London Eye, Palace of Westminster …   Wikipedia

  • London commuter belt — The London commuter belt is the metropolitan area surrounding London, England from which it is possible to commute to work in the capital. It is alternatively known as the London metropolitan area [… …   Wikipedia

  • Área metropolitana de Londres — Commuters (viajeros que llegan a Londres diariamente a trabajar para volver por la tarde a sus casas) procedentes de East Anglia llegan a la estación de Liverpool Street El Área metropolitana de Londres,[1] o Área metropolitana sureste de Ingla …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.