1764


1764

Year 1764 (MDCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1764

January - June


* January 7 - Siculicidium: Hundreds of innocent Székely people are murdered by the Austrians in a massacre at Madéfalva (Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary).
* January 19 - John Wilkes is expelled from the United Kingdom House of Commons for seditious libel.
* February 15 - The American city of St. Louis is established.
* April 6 - The Sugar Act is passed.
* June 21 - The English-language "Quebec Gazette" is established in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. As of 2008, it is the oldest surviving newspaper in North America.
* June 29 - A Level 5 tornado hits Woldegk, Germany.

July - December


* September 7 - Stanisław August Poniatowski is elected as the King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
* October - Battle of Buxar: The British East India Company defeats the combined armies of Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal, the Nawab of Awadh, and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.
* November 9 - Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
* November 16 - Chief Pontiac surrenders to the British.

Undated

* The Royal Colony of North Carolina establishes a new county from the eastern portion of Granville County and names it Bute County for John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, who had recently resigned his post as Prime Minister of Great Britain. In 1779 the State of North Carolina abolishes the county when it forms Warren County from the northern portion and Franklin County from the southern portion.
* The French government withdraws the wartime taxes.

Ongoing events

* War of the Regulation (1764-1771).

Births


* February 11 - Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (d. 1811)
* March 13 - Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
* April 3 - John Abernethy, English surgeon (d. 1831)
* April 13 - Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (d. 1830)
* May 5 - Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)
* May 26 - Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman (d. 1836)
* June 21 - Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
* August 13 - Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (d. 1813)
* December 7 - Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, Marshal of France (d. 1841): "See also ."

Deaths


* March 6 - Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1690)
* March 17 - George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, English astronomer (b. c.1696)
* March 30 - Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer (b. 1695)
* April 15 - Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721)
* April 17 - Johann Mattheson, German composer (b. 1681)
* May 3 - Francesco Algarotti, Italian philosopher (b. 1712)
* June 29 - Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
* July 7 - William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
* July 16 - Tsar Ivan VI (murdered in prison) (b. 1740)
* July 23 - Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
* September 2 - Nathaniel Bliss, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1700)
* September 12 - Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (b. 1683)
* September 23 - Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
* September 26 - Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1676)
* October 2 - William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
* October 23 - Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
* November 20 - Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (b. 1690)
* Joseph Dupleix - French governor general at Pondicherry. : "See also ."

1764 In Fiction

* Birth of Heathcliff from Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights.


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