- Benjamin Peirce
Infobox Scientist

name = Benjamin Peirce

box_width =

image_width =150px

caption = Benjamin Peirce

birth_date =April 4 ,1809

birth_place =

death_date =October 6 ,1880

death_place =

residence =

citizenship =

nationality = American

ethnicity =

field =mathematics

work_institutions =Harvard University

alma_mater =Harvard University

doctoral_advisor =

doctoral_students =

known_for =celestial mechanics

author_abbrev_bot =

author_abbrev_zoo =

influences =

influenced =

prizes =

religion =

footnotes =

**Benjamin Peirce**(pronEng|ˈpɜrs "purse" [*"Peirce", in the case of Benjamin Peirce and his son C.S. Peirce, is pronounced exactly like the English-language word "purse": audio|en-us-purse.ogg|Audio (US). See "Note on the Pronunciation of 'Peirce'", The "Peirce [Edition] Project Newsletter", Vol. 1, Nos. 3/4, Dec. 1994, [*] ),*http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/news/1_3/13_4.htm#pronunciation Eprint*] .April 4 ,1809 –October 6 ,1880 ) was an Americanmathematician who taught atHarvard University for forty years. He made contributions tocelestial mechanics ,number theory ,algebra , and thephilosophy of mathematics .After graduating from Harvard, he remained as a

tutor (1829), and was subsequently appointedprofessor of mathematics in 1831. He addedastronomy to his portfolio in 1842, and remained as Harvard professor until his death. In addition, he was instrumental in the development of Harvard's sciencecurriculum , served as the collegelibrarian , and was director of theU.S. Coast Survey from 1867 from 1874.In number theory, he proved there is no odd

perfect number with fewer than four prime factors.In algebra, he was notable for the study of

associative algebra s. He first introduced the termsidempotent andnilpotent in 1870 to describe elements of these algebras.In the philosophy of mathematics, he became known for the statement that "Mathematics is the science that draws necessary conclusions", [

*First line of "Linear Associative Algebra"*] and believed, along withGeorge Boole , that mathematics could be used to analyzelogic . This was in opposition to the program ofGottlob Frege andBertrand Russell to base mathematics on logic.He was an

expert witness in theHowland will forgery trial . His analysis of the signature in question showed that it resembled another particular handwriting example so closely that the chances of such a match were statistically extremely remote.As a person he was devoutly Christian, seeing "mathematics as study of God's work by God's creatures." Fact|date=August 2008

He married Sarah Hunt Mills, the daughter of U.S. Senator

Elijah Hunt Mills . [*Adams, Henry. "The Life of George Cabot Lodge". pg. 4-5. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1911*] They produced three sons and a daughter:Charles Peirce a famous logician, James Mill who also taught mathematics at Harvard, and H.H.D who worked forHerter Brothers .**Eponyms**The

lunar crater Peirce is named for Peirce.**Works*** "Physical and Celestial Mathematics", (Boston:

Little, Brown and Company , 1855)

* "An Elementary Treatise on Plane and Spherical Trigonometry" (1861)

* "Linear Associative Algebra" (1880)**Notes****References*** F.P. Matz "B.O. Pierce biography"

American Mathematical Monthly 2:173-9 (1895).

*S. R. Peterson , "Benjamin Peirce: Mathematician and Philosopher", "Journal of the History of Ideas " 16, 89–112 (1955)

* P. Meier and S. Zaibel, "Benjamin Pierce and the Howland Will", Journal of the American Statistical Association 75, 497–506 (1980)**External links*** Grattan-Guinness, Ivor, and Walsh, Alison (2005), "Benjamin Peirce", "

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy ",Edward N. Zalta (ed.), [*http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/peirce-benjamin/ Eprint*] .

* O'Connor, John J., and Robertson, Edmund F. (2005), "Benjamin Peirce", "MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive ", [*http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Peirce_Benjamin.html Eprint*] .

*cite journal|title=Linear Associative Algebra|first= Benjamin|last= Peirce|journal= American Journal of Mathematics|issue= Vol. 4, No. 1/4. (1881|url= http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-9327%281881%294%3A1%2F4%3C97%3ALAA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-X|unused_data=|, pages= 97-229JSTOR .

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**Benjamin Peirce**— (* 4. April 1809 in Salem, Massachusetts; † 6. Oktober 1880 in Cambridge, Massachusetts), Vater des Philosophen Charles S. Peirce, war amerikanischer Astronom, Mathematiker und Lehrer, der … Deutsch Wikipedia**Benjamin Peirce**— Benjamin Peirce, américain, est né le 4 avril 1809 et mort le 6 octobre 1880. Il fut professeur de mathématiques et physique à Harvard. Père du philosophe qui a fondé le pragmatisme … Wikipédia en Français**Benjamin Peirce**— noun United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809 1880) • Syn: ↑Peirce • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mathematician, ↑astronomer, ↑uranologist, ↑stargazer … Useful english dictionary**Peirce's criterion**— is a method, devised by Benjamin Peirce, that may be used to eliminate suspect experimental data using probability theory. DescriptionFor scientists, engineers and others involved in real data collection, the situation often arises in which one… … Wikipedia**PEIRCE (C. S.)**— Logicien et philosophe américain, Peirce est un pionnier de la pensée. S’il laissa à d’autres l’exploration des domaines qu’il conquit, il leur avait tracé la voie et préparé la tâche. Ses travaux sur les fondements des mathématiques en font un… … Encyclopédie Universelle**Peirce**— may mean:*Benjamin Peirce, American mathematician, author of an article on rejection of data outliers Peirce s Criterion, and father of Charles Peirce *Bill Peirce (born 1938), economist, Professor Emeritus at Case Western Reserve University, and … Wikipedia**Peirce**— ist der Name von Benjamin Peirce (1809–1880), US amerikanischer Astronom, Mathematiker und Lehrer; Vater von Charles Sanders Peirce Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914), US amerikanischer Mathematiker, Philosoph und Logiker, Eponym für Peirce… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Benjamin Pierce**— may refer to:* Benjamin Pierce (governor) (1757 1839), governor of New Hampshire in the 1820s, father of U.S. President Franklin Pierce * Benjamin Pierce (1841–1853), the last surviving son of U.S. President Franklin Pierce; died in a train… … Wikipedia**Peirce, Charles Sanders**— born Sept. 10, 1839, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. died April 19, 1914, near Milford, Pa. U.S. scientist, logician, and philosopher. He was the son of the mathematician and astronomer Benjamin Peirce (1809–80). After attending Harvard University he… … Universalium**Peirce**— Charles Sanders Peirce Charles Sanders Peirce Philosophe américain XIXe siècle XXe siècle … Wikipédia en Français