- 3rd Marine Regiment (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 3rd Marine Regiment
caption= 3rd Marine Regiment Insignia image courtesy of www.military-graphics.com
December 20, 1916-
country= United States of America
United States Marine Corps
type= Infantry regiment
role= Locate, close with and destroy the enemy with fire and maneuver
command_structure=3rd Marine Division
III Marine Expeditionary Force
Marine Corps Base Hawaii
nickname= 3rd Marines
motto= Fortuna Fortes Juvat Fortune favors the Brave
World War II* Battle of Bougainville*Battle of Guam Vietnam War* Operation Starlite* Battle of Hill 881* Tet Offensive Operation Desert Storm* Battle of Khafji Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom* Second Battle of Fallujah
anniversaries=The 3rd Marine Regiment is an infantry
regimentof the United States Marine Corpsbased at Marine Corps Base Hawaii. They fall under the 3rd Marine Division and the III Marine Expeditionary Force.
The regiment comprises three
infantry battalions, and one headquarters company. Also, because of the geographic isolation, an artillery battalion (1/12) also falls under the regiment, as well as a Combat Assault Company:
Originally formed as the 3rd Provisional Regiment, they were activated on
December 20, 1916from assets of the 1st Marine Regiment in the Dominican Republic. They were attached to the 2nd Brigade and deactivated on August 1, 1922.cite book
last = Rottman
first = Gordon L.
title = U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle – Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War.
publisher = Greenwood Press
date = 2002
location = Westport, Connecticut
id = ISBN 0-313-31906-5]
World War II
The 3rd Marine Regiment was reactivated on
June 16, 1942, at New River, North Carolina, as part of the World War IImilitary expansion. They deployed to American Samoaon September 14, 1942and were attached to the 2nd Marine Brigade. The regiment redeployed to New Zealandon May 23, 1943and were reassigned to the 3rd Marine Division at that time. The regiment fought at Bougainville and Guam. Four Medals of Honor were awarded to members of 3rd Marines for actions during this period. Following World War II, the regiment was ordered to Chinato aid in the disarming of Japanese units and to assist the Nationalist government in the occupation of Northern China in an effort to deny land to the communists.
3rd Marines was one of the first Marine units into
South Vietnamwhen it provided security for the Da Nang Air Basein early 1965. Ultimately, 3d Marines was to participate in 48 major operations in the Republic of Vietnam.
Following the retrograde of forces from Vietnam, the regiment was initially relocated to
Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Californiaand assigned to the 5th Marine Amphibious Brigade. During April 1971, the regiment became part of the 1st Marine Division. Two months later, the regiment was moved to Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, to assume the role of the ground combat component of the 1st Marine Brigade.
1980s & 1990s
3rd Marines was one of the first combat forces to deploy to
Saudi Arabiain response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwaiton August 2, 1990. The regiment, which became known as Task Force Taro in honor of the state and people of Hawaii, became the first American unit to be engaged by Iraqi artillery, rocket and missile fire on January 18, 1991. They countered the Iraqi supporting attacks by conducting artillery raids into Kuwait as the first ground offensive actions of the war. Task force Taro was instrumental in the recapture of Khafji, was the first unit to advance into Kuwait, conducted the only heliborne assault of the war and secured the Marine Corp’s final objective of the war, Kuwait International Airport.
Following the cease-fire on
February 28, 1991, the regiment redeployed to Saudi Arabia and subsequently completed its strategic redeployment to Hawaii two months later.
The 3rd Marines has deployed to both
Iraqand Afghanistanas part of the Global War on Terror. One of their officers, Stephen J. Boada won the Silver Starfor actions there. He became the first Marine in the regiment and in Hawaii to be awarded one of the major awards for valor since the Vietnam War. An NCO from 1st Battalion 3rd Marines, Cpl Kristopher Kane, was later awarded a Silver Star for actions during the Second Battle of Fallujah. [http://starbulletin.com/2006/05/21/news/military.html. Although Kane's award predates Boada's, Boada's award was presented first.]
Organization of the United States Marine Corps
List of United States Marine Corps regiments
* [http://www.mcbh.usmc.mil/3mar/History.htm Unit History]
* [http://www.mcbh.usmc.mil/3mar/index.htm 3rd Marine Regiment's Official Website]
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