- Pope John XVIII
English name=John XVIII
John XVIII (died June or July 1009) was
Popefrom 1004 to 1009.
He was born Fasanius at
Rapagnano, near Ascoli Piceno, the son of a Roman priestnamed Leo.
During his whole pontificate he was allegedly subordinate to the head of the
Crescentiiclan who controlled Rome, the "patricius" (an aristocratic military leader) Johannes Crescentius III. The period was disturbed by the conflicts between the OttonianEmperor Henry II (1002–24) and Arduin of Ivrea, who had styled himself King of Italy. Rome was wracked with bouts of plague, and Saracensoperating freely out of Sardiniaravaged the Tyrrhenian coasts.
As Pope John XVIII occupied his time with details of ecclesiastical administration. He authorized a new see at Bamberg to serve as a base for missionary activity among the
Slavs, a concern of Henry II's. He adjudicated a squabble between the abbot of Fleuryand the bishops of Sensand Orléans.
Ultimately he abdicated and, according to one catalog of Popes, retired to a monastery, where he died shortly afterwards. His successor was
Pope Sergius IV(1009–12).
(A note on numbering: Pope John XVIII was only the seventeenth pope called John, because John XVI was an antipope. However, this was not recognized at the time so the true sixteenth Pope John called himself XVII. Thus the true seventeenth pope called John took the regnal number XVIII.)
Catholic (The article can be found here: [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08429a.htm] )
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