Pope John X


Pope John X

Infobox Pope
English name=John X


birth_name=Johannes
term_start=March, 914
term_end=May, 928
predecessor=Lando
successor=Leo VI
birth_date=???
birthplace=Romagna, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=928
deathplace=???
other=John

John X, Pope from March, 914 to May, 928, was deacon at Bologna when he attracted the attention of Theodora, the wife of Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, the most powerful noble in Rome, through whose influence he was elevated first to the see of Bologna and then to the archbishopric of Ravenna.

In direct opposition to a decree of council, John X was, at the instigation of Theodora, promoted to the papal chair as the successor of Pope Lando (913–914). Like Pope John IX (898–900) he endeavoured to secure himself against his temporal enemies through a close alliance with Theophylact and Alberic, marquis of Camerino, then governor of the duchy of Spoleto.

In December 915 John X granted the imperial crown to Berengar of Friuli (915–924), and with the assistance of the forces of all the princes of the Italian peninsula, he took the field in person against the Saracens, over whom he gained a great victory on the banks of the Garigliano. The defeat and death of Berengar in 924, through the combination of the Italian princes, again frustrated the hopes of a united Italy, and after witnessing several years of anarchy and confusion, John X perished as a result of the intrigues of Marozia, daughter of Theodora. His was succeeded by Pope Leo VI in 928.

External links

* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8823769 John X on Find-A-Grave]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0914-0928-_Ioannes_X.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John X —     Pope John X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John X     Born at Tossignano, Romagna; enthroned, 914; died at Rome, 928. First a deacon ( see Deacons ), he became Archbishop of Ravenna about 905, as successor of Kailo. In a document dated 5… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John IX —     Pope John IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IX     (898 900).     Not only is the date of John s birth unknown, but the date of his election as pope, and that of his death are alike uncertain. He became pope in the early part of 898 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John II — of Alexandria was the Coptic Pope from 505 to 516 .Infobox Pope English name=John II birth name=Mercurius term start=January 2 533 term end=May 8 535 predecessor=Boniface II successor=Agapetus I birth date=??? birthplace=Rome dead=dead|death date …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John IV —     Pope John IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IV     (640 642).     A native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. The date of his birth is uncertain; d. 12 October, 642. At the time of his election he was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John II —     Pope John II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John II     (533 535).     The date of the birth of this pope is not known. He was a Roman and the son of Projectus; if not born in the second region (Coelimontium) he had at least been a priest …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John VI —     Pope John VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VI     (701 705).     A Greek, the date of whose birth is unknown; d. 11 January, 705. He ascended the papal throne 30 October, 701. Some time during his reign there came to Rome from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John V —     Pope John V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John V     (685 686).     A Syrian whose father was one Cyriacus; when he was born is not known; d. 2 August, 686. As a deacon ( see Deacons ) he was one of those who represented the Apostolic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John XI —     Pope John XI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XI     Date of birth unknown, became pope in 931; d. 936. He was the son of Marozia by her first marriage with Alberic; some, taking Liutprand and the Liber Pontificalis as their authority …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope,John — Pope, John. 1822 1892. American Union general in the Civil War who was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pope John XX — There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.