- Pope John X
English name=John X
Popefrom March, 914 to May, 928, was deaconat Bolognawhen he attracted the attention of Theodora, the wife of Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, the most powerful noble in Rome, through whose influence he was elevated first to the see of Bologna and then to the archbishopric of Ravenna.
In direct opposition to a decree of council, John X was, at the instigation of Theodora, promoted to the papal chair as the successor of
Pope Lando(913–914). Like Pope John IX(898–900) he endeavoured to secure himself against his temporal enemies through a close alliance with Theophylact and Alberic, marquis of Camerino, then governor of the duchy of Spoleto.
In December 915 John X granted the imperial crown to
Berengar of Friuli(915–924), and with the assistance of the forces of all the princes of the Italian peninsula, he took the field in person against the Saracens, over whom he gained a great victory on the banks of the Garigliano. The defeat and death of Berengar in 924, through the combination of the Italian princes, again frustrated the hopes of a united Italy, and after witnessing several years of anarchy and confusion, John X perished as a result of the intrigues of Marozia, daughter of Theodora. His was succeeded by Pope Leo VIin 928.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8823769 John X on Find-A-Grave]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0914-0928-_Ioannes_X.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes]
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