1564


1564

Year 1564 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events of 1564

* January 25 - The Portuguese found the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
* March 8 - Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death.
* March 25 - Lorenzo Bernal del Mercado defeated and killed the toqui Illangulién in the Battle of Angol, in Chile.
* April 23 - Shakespeare is born
* June 22 - French settlers abandon Charlesfort, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World, and establish Fort Caroline in Florida.
* September 10 - Japan - Battle of Kawanakajima: Takeda Shingen battles the forces of Uesugi Kenshin for the final time.

Undated

* The Ottoman Turks invade Malta.
* The modern pencil becomes common in England.
* Conquistadors cross the Pacific.
* The Spanish found a colony in the Philippines.
* The first rat king discovery is reported.
*1564 - 1571 - Miguel Lopez de Legazpi sails from Mexico and conquers the Philippine Islands, founding Manila.

Births

* February 15 - Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
* February 26 {baptized} - Christopher Marlowe, English poet and dramatist (d. 1593)
* March 9 - David Fabricius, Frisian astronomer (d.
* April 26 (baptized) - William Shakespeare, English poet and dramatist (d. 1616)
* April 27 - Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (d. 1632)
* September 24 - William Adams, English navigator and samurai (d. 1620)
*November - Francisco Pacheco, Spanish painter (d. 1654)
* November 22 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English peer and traitor (d. 1619)
*"date unknown"
**William Bathe, Jesuit priest (d. 1614)
**Daniel Chamier, minister of religion in France (d. 1621)
**Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic, Bohemian composer and Protestant rebel (d. 1621)
**Paul Miki, Japanese Catholic saint and martyr (d. 1597)
**Thomas Morton, English churchman (d. 1659)
**Pedro Páez, Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia (d. 1622)
**Thomas Shirley, English pirate (d. 1620)
*"probable"
**Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Flemish painter (d. 1638)
**Henry Chettle, English dramatist (d. 1607)

Deaths

* January 4 - Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)
* February 18 - Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist, architect and sculptor (b. 1475)
*February 19 - Guillaume Morel, French classical scholar (b. 1505)
*April - Pierre Belon, French naturalist (b. 1517) (murdered)
* May 2 - Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)
* May 27 - John Calvin, French Protestant reformer (b. 1509)
* July 27 - Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1503)
* July 31 - Luis de Velasco, Viceroy of New Spain (b. 1511)
* October 5 - Pierre de Manchicourt, Flemish composer
* October 15 - Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
* October 18 - Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
*"date unknown"
**Giovanni da Udine, Italian painter (b. 1487)
**Purandara Dasa, Indian musician (b. 1484)
**Charles Estienne, French anatomist (b. 1503)
**Manus O'Donnell, Irish leader
**Rani Durgawati, Regent of Gondwana (birthdate unknown)
*"probable" - Maurice Scève, French poet (b. 1500)


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