- 4th century
As a means of recording the passage of
time, the 4th century (per the Julian calendarand Anno Domini/ Common era) was that centurywhich lasted from 301to 400.
In the West, the early part of the century was shaped by
Constantine I, who became the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. Gaining sole reign of the empire, he is also noted for re-establishing a single imperial capital, choosing the site of ancient Byzantiumin 330 (over of the current capitals, which had effectively been changed by Diocletian's reforms to Milanin the West, and Nicomediain the East) to build the city soon called Nova Roma (New Rome); it was later renamed Constantinoplein his honor.
The last emperor to control both the eastern and western halves of the empire was
Theodosius I. As the century progressed after his death it became increasingly apparent that the empire had changed in many ways since the time of Augustus. The two emperor system originally established by Diocletian in the previous century fell into regular practice, and the east continued to grow in importance as a centre of trade and imperial power, while Romeitself diminished greatly in importance due to its location far from potential trouble spots, like Central Europe and the East. Late in the century Christianity became the official state religion, and the empire's old pagan culture began to disappear. General Prosperity was felt throughout this period, but recurring invasions by Germanic tribes plagued the empire from AD 376onward. These early invasions marked the beginning of the end for the Western Roman Empire.
According to archaeologists, sufficient archaeological correlates of state-level societies coalesced in the 4th century to show the existence of the Three Kingdoms (AD 300/400-668) of
Baekje, Goguryeo, and Silla.
301: Armeniafirst to adopt Christianityas state religion, followed by Ethiopia, circa 320
306– 337: Constantine I, ends persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire, calls First Council of Nicaea, see also Constantinian shift, Constantinoplebecomes new seat of government ( New Rome)
350: About this time the Hunsbegin to invade the Sassanid Empire. [Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.]
376: Visigothsappear on the Danubeand are allowed entry into the Roman Empire in their flight from the Huns.
378: Battle of Adrianople. Roman army is defeated by Visigoth cavalry. Emperor Valensis killed.
378– 395: Theodosius I, Roman emperor, bans pagan worship, Christianity is made the official religion of the Empire.
383: Battle of Fei Riverin China
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Stirrupwas invented in China, no later than 322 [ [http://www.silk-road.com/artl/stirrup.shtml The stirrup and its effect on chinese military history] ] [ [http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_madeinchina/2005-07/21/content_70825.htm The invention and influences of stirrup] ]
Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus, earliest Christian bibles
Book of Steps, Syriac religious discourses
* [http://www.fourthcentury.com/ Fourth-Century Christianity Website]
Decades and years
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
4th century AH — is a century in the Islamic calendar that corresponds to 912 ndash; 1009 CE.yearbox width = 500 in?= cp=3rd century AH c=4th century AH cf=5th century AH| yp1=297 AH yp2=298 AH yp3=299 AH year=300 AH ya1=301 AH ya2=302 AH ya3=303 AH dp3=270s AH… … Wikipedia
4th century BC — The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period.OverviewThis century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its… … Wikipedia
4th century in architecture — See also: 3rd century in architecture, other events of the 4th century, 5th century in architecture and the architecture timeline.Events* 313 Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan, legislating toleration of Christian worship in the Roman… … Wikipedia
4th century in poetry — centuryinbox in?=in poetry cpa=3 cpb=rd century c=4th century cn1=5th centuryRoman empirePoets* Ephrem the Syrian (306 373), Nisibis, writing in Syriac * Ausonius (310 395), Bordeaux * Himerius (315 386), from Bithynia writing in Greek *… … Wikipedia
4th century BC in poetry — Bccenturyinbox in?=in poetry cpa= cpb=5th century BC c=4th century BC cn1=3rd century BC =The Hellenistic World= Poets (by date of birth)* Aratus of Soli (c. 315/310 240 BCE), Macedonia, in Greek * Theocritus (c. 310 c. 250 BCE), in Greek *… … Wikipedia
4th century in Roman Britain — Events from the 4th century in Roman Britain.Events* 301 ** Emperor Diocletian fixes the prices of British woollen goods and beer. * 306 ** 25 July Emperor Constantius Chlorus dies at York, after campaigning against the Picts. * 314 ** The… … Wikipedia
Christianity in the 4th century — See also: Christianity in the 3rd century and Christianity in the 5th century Christianity in the 4th century was dominated by Constantine the Great, and the First Council of Nicea of 325, which was the beginning of the period of the First… … Wikipedia
Chronological list of saints in the 4th century — A list of 4th century saints: Name Birth Birthplace Death Place of death Notes Gatian 301 Bishop of Tours Vitalis and Agricola 301 Zoilus and 19 Companions … Wikipedia
Gorgopas (4th century BC) — For other people of the same name, see Gorgopas. Gorgopas was a Spartan commander during the Corinthian War. In 388 BC Hierax was dispatched by Sparta to Aegina to take over the Spartan fleet. The Spartans under the command of Teleutias had… … Wikipedia
St. Eucherius (4th Century) — St. Eucherius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Eucherius Bishop of Lyons, theologian, born in the latter half of the fourth century; died about 449. On the death of his wife he withdrew to the monastery of Lérins, where his sons,… … Catholic encyclopedia