1791


1791

Year 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1791

January - June


* January 25 - The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791, splitting the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
* March 2 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
* March 4 - Vermont is admitted as the 14th U.S. state.
* May 3 - The Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth proclaims the Constitution of May 3, 1791, the first modern codified constitution in Europe.
* June 20 - The French Royal Family is captured when they try to flee in disguise.

July - December


* July 14 - The Priestley Riots break out in Birmingham, England.
* July 17 - The Champ de Mars Massacre occurs during the French Revolution.
* August 4 - The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
* August 6 - The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin is finished.
* August 26 - John Fitch is granted a patent for the steamboat in the United States.
* August 22 - A slave rebellion breaks out in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.
* September - Louis XVI of France accepts the final version of the completed constitution.
* September 25 - Mission Santa Cruz is founded by Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, becoming the 12th mission in the California mission chain.
* September 30 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's singspiel "Die Zauberflöte" "(Magic Flute)" premieres in the Freihaustheater in Vienna.
* October - The Legislative Assembly (France) convens.
* October 9 - Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad is founded by Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, becoming the 13th mission in the California mission chain.
* December 4 - The first issue of "The Observer", the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published.
* December 5 - Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies.
* December 15 - Ratification by the states of the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution is completed, creating the United States Bill of Rights. Two additional amendments remain pending, and one of these is finally ratified in 1992, becoming the Twenty-seventh Amendment.

Undated

* The first American ship reaches Japan.
* A slave rebellion begins in Haiti.
* An ordinance is written barring the game of baseball within 80 yards of the Meeting House in Pittsway, Massachusetts (first known reference to the game of baseball in North America).
* The metric system is adopted in France.

Ongoing events

* French Revolution (1789-1799).

Births


* January 15 - Franz Grillparzer, Austrian writer (d. 1872)
* January 28 - Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold, French composer (d. 1833)
* February 12 - Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1883)
* February 21
**Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (d. 1857)
**John Mercer, chemist and industrialist (d. 1866)
* April 23 - James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (d. 1868)
* April 27 - Samuel Morse, American inventor (d. 1872)
* July 26 - Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and pianist (d. 1844)
* September 5 - Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (d. 1864)
* September 21 - István Széchenyi, Hungarian politician and writer (d. 1860)
* September 22 - Michael Faraday, British scientist (d. 1867)
* September 26 - Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
* November 11 - Josef Munzinger, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1855)
* December 26 - Charles Babbage, British mathematician and inventor (d. 1871)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 11 - William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
* March 2 - John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (b. 1703)
* March 14 - Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
* April 19 - Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (b. 1723)
* May 9 - Francis Hopkinson, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1737)
* June 5 - Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
* June 10 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
* July 17 - Martin Dobrizhoffer, Austrian Jesuit missionary (b. 1717)
* July 25 - Isaac Low, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1735)
* August 16 - Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
* November 4 - Richard Butler (general), American soldier (b. 1743)
* September 25 - William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)
* December 5 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1756)

: "See also ."


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  • 1791 — Années : 1788 1789 1790  1791  1792 1793 1794 Décennies : 1760 1770 1780  1790  1800 1810 1820 Siècles : XVIIe siècle  XVIIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1791 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 17. Jahrhundert | 18. Jahrhundert | 19. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1760er | 1770er | 1780er | 1790er | 1800er | 1810er | 1820er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1787 | 1788 | 1789 | 17 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1791 — Años: 1788 1789 1790 – 1791 – 1792 1793 1794 Décadas: Años 1760 Años 1770 Años 1780 – Años 1790 – Años 1800 Años 1810 Años 1820 Siglos: Siglo XVII – …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1791 — ГОСТ 1791{ 67} Проволока из никелевого и медно никелевых сплавов для удлиняющих проводов к термоэлектрическим преобразователям. Технические условия. ОКС: 77.150.40 КГС: В74 Проволока из цветных металлов и их сплавов Взамен: ГОСТ 1791 54 Действие …   Справочник ГОСТов

  • 1791.09.03 — Франция. Принятие Учредительным собранием Конституция Франции 1791 года …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1791.10.01 — Франция. Начало работу Законодательное собрание Франции (1791.10.01 1792.09.20) …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1791 — …   Википедия

  • 1791 г. — …   Википедия

  • 1791.08.26 — В саксонском замке Пильниц принята Пильниикая декларация, которая явилась основой австро прусского союзного договора (февраль 1792), положившего начало коалиции европейских монархов, объединившихся для противодействия французской революции …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1791.12.16 — (05 дек.) Смерть Григория Потемкина …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь


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