Julian Bigelow

Julian Bigelow

Julian Bigelow (1913 - February 21, 2003 in Princeton, New Jersey) was a pioneering computer engineer.

Bigelow obtained a master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studying electrical engineering and mathematics. During World War II, he assisted Norbert Wiener's research on automated fire control for anti-aircraft guns.

When John von Neumann sought to build one of the very first digital computers at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, he hired Bigelow in 1946 as his "engineer," on Wiener's recommendation. Dyson (1997) argues that the computer Bigelow built following von Neumann's design, called the "IAS," and not the ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania or the Colossus designed as part of the code-cracking project at Bletchley Park in England, was the first true stored-program digital computer. Because von Neumann did not patent the IAS and wrote about it freely, 15 clones of the IAS were soon built. Nearly all computers subsequently built are recognizable descendants of the IAS.

Before working on the IAS, Bigelow coauthored with Norbert Wiener and Arturo Rosenblueth one of the founding papers on cybernetics and modern teleology, titled "Behavior, Purpose and Teleology." This paper mulled over the way mechanical, biological, and electronic systems could communicate and interact. This paper instigated the formation of the Teleological Society and later the Macy conferences. Bigelowwas an active member of both organizations.


*George Dyson, 1997. "Darwin among the Machines". Perseus Books.
* "New York Times" obituary by John Markoff: " [http://www.interesting-people.org/archives/interesting-people/200302/msg00181.html Julian Bigelow.] "
* "TED Talks, George Dyson: " The birth of the computer " [http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/george_dyson_at_the_birth_of_the_computer.html] "

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julian Bigelow — Julian Himely Bigelow (* 1913 in Nutley, New Jersey, USA; † 17. Februar 2003 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Elektroingenieur. Nach dem Studium der Mathematik und der Elektrotechnik am Massachusetts Institute of Technology… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julian Bigelow — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bigelow. Julian Bigelow (né en 1913, mort en 2003) est un pionnier de l ingénierie l informatique. Diplômé en ingénierie électrique et en mathématique du Massachusetts Institute of Technology, il assiste Norbert… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bigelow — may refer to:Companies named Bigelow* Bigelow Aerospace * Bigelow Tea CompanyPeople named Bigelow* Albert Bigelow, peace activist, Quaker * Charles Bigelow, type designer * Daniel Bigelow, lawyer and politician * Deuce Bigalow (alternate… …   Wikipedia

  • Bigelow — bezeichnet Personen und Orte: Personen: Charles Bigelow (* 1945), US amerikanischer Typograf und Schriftentwerfer Henry Bryant Bigelow (1871–1967), US amerikanischer Zoologe Henry Jacob Bigelow (1818–1890), US amerikanischer Chirurg Herbert S.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bigelow — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Bigelow est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Henry Bryant Bigelow (1879 1967), océanographe et ichtyologiste… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bigelow, Julian Himely — ▪ 2004       American engineer and mathematician (b. March 19, 1913, Nutley, N.J. d. Feb. 17, 2003, Princeton, N.J.), engineered one of the earliest computers. In 1946 John von Neumann hired Bigelow as the engineer on his project, based at the… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Bif–Bil — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Bif–Bim — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Telos (Philosophie) — Als Zweck (griechisch τέλος [telos], auch ού ένεκα [hou heneka], lateinisch finis, englisch purpose) wird der Beweggrund (movens) einer zielgerichteten Tätigkeit oder eines Verhaltens verstanden. Das Ziel (Telos) als Anlass für eine Handlung wird …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Conferences Macy — Conférences Macy Les conférences Macy, organisées à New York par la fondation Macy à l initiative du neurologue Warren McCulloch, réunirent à intervalles réguliers, de 1942 à 1953, un groupe interdisciplinaire de mathématiciens, logiciens,… …   Wikipédia en Français