- Duke Mu of Qin
Ying Renhao Duke of Qin Reign 659 BC - 621 BC Predecessor Duke Cheng of Qin Successor Duke Kang of Qin Regent Baili Xi Posthumous name Duke Mu 穆公 Father Duke De of Qin Died 621 BC
Duke Mu of Qin (秦穆公) (died 621 BC), born Ying Renhao (嬴任好), was a ruler of the State of Qin from 659 or 660 to 621 BC in China. One of the Five Hegemons of the Spring and Autumn Period, he greatly expanded the territory of Qin during the reign of King Xiang of Zhou.
He acquired many talented advisors, such as Baili Xi, Jian Shu (蹇叔), Pi Bao (丕豹), and Gong Sun (公孫).
He was the son of Duke De and the younger brother of Duke Cheng. He married the daughter of Duke Xian of Jin (晉獻公), and married his daughter, Huaiying (懷嬴), to Duke Wen of Jin. He helped his son-in-law win the Battle of Chengpu (城濮之戰) against Chu; these two marriages led to the saying 'the Friendship of Qin and Jin' (秦晉之好) to denote political marriages and alliances based on marital bonds. His posthumous name Mu means "reverent".
He had at least two sons respectively named Ying and Hong. Ying succeeded him as Duke Kang of Qin. He also had several known daughters: Huai Ying (wife of Duke Huai of Jin, later wife of Duke Wen of Jin), Wen Ying (wife of Duke Wen of Jin), Qin Ying (wife of King Gong of Chu), Jianbi and Nongyu (wife of Xiao Shi). Some argue that Jianbi and Nongyu were the same person, while there are also doubts whether Huai Ying and Wen Ying were the same person.
At this time Qin and Jin were the most powerful states in China. Duke Wen of Jin expelled the Di barbarians and drove them into the region west of the Yellow River between the Yun and Luo rivers; there they were known as the Red Di and the White Di. Shortly afterwards, Duke Mu of Qin, having obtained the services of You Yu, succeeded in getting the eight barbarian tribes of the west to submit to their authority. Thus at this time there lived in the region west of Long the Mianzhu, the Hunrong, and the Diyuan tribes. North of Mts. Qi and Liang and the Jing and Qi rivers lived the Yiqu, Dali, Wuzhi, and Quyuan tribes. North of Jin were the Forest Barbarians and the Loufan, while north of Yan lived the Eastern Barbarians and Mountain Barbarians. All of them were scattered about in their own little valleys, each with their own chieftains. From time to time they would have gatherings of a hundred or so men, but no one tribe was capable of unifying the others under a single rule.
- Great-great-grandfather: Duke Wen of Qin (秦文公)
- Great-grandfather: Duke Jin of Qin (秦靜公)
- Grandfather: Duke Xian of Qin (秦憲公)
- Father: Duke De of Qin
- Brother: Duke Xuan of Qin, Duke Cheng of Qin
- Son: Duke Kang of Qin
- ^ Watson (1993), p. 132.
Duke Mu of QinDied: 621 BC
- Watson, Burton. (1993). Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian. Translated by Burton Watson. Revised Edition. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-08167-7.
Chinese nobility Preceded by
Duke of Qin
660 BC – 621 BC
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Duke Xiao of Qin — Ying Quliang (嬴渠梁) Ancestral name (姓): Ying (嬴) Given name (名): Quliang (渠梁) Duke Xiao of Qin (秦孝公) Dates of reign: 361 BC 338 BC Dates are in the … Wikipedia
Duke Hui of Jin — 晉惠公 Ruler of the State of Jin Reign 650–637 BCE Predecessor Duke Xian of Jin Successor Duke Huai of Jin Father Duke Xian of Jin Mother … Wikipedia
Qin (state) — For the dynasty founded by the state after unification, see Qin Dynasty. State of Qin 秦 Kingdom … Wikipedia
Qin Shubao — (秦叔寶) (died 638), formal name Qin Qiong (秦瓊) but went by the courtesy name of Shubao, formally Duke Zhuang of Hu (胡壯公), was a general of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty whose bravery later caused him to be incorporated into Chinese folk religion … Wikipedia
Duke Xian of Jin — 晉獻公 Ruler of the State of Jin Reign 676–651 BC Predecessor Duke Wu of Jin Successor Duke Hui of Jin Father Duke Wu of Jin Mo … Wikipedia
Duke Jing of Jin — (d. 4th Century BCE) (simplified Chinese: 晋静公; traditional Chinese: 晉静公; pinyin: Jìn Jìng Hóu), was the last ruler of the State of Jin during the Warring States Period of … Wikipedia
Duke Li of Jin — or Jin Li Gong (晉厲公) (reigned 580 573 BC) was a ruler of Jin during the Spring and Autumn Period. He made peace with Qin to the west and Qi to the east to block the growth of Chu to the south. In 579 the four powers held a peace conference, but… … Wikipedia
Duke Wen of Jin — Ji Chong er Reign 636 BC 629 BC Spouse Princess Wenying of Qin Gui Kui Lady Jiang Princess Huaiying of Qin Is … Wikipedia
Qin Dynasty — Not to be confused with the Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty of Imperial China. Qin 秦 ← … Wikipedia
Xiao of Qin — Duke Xiao of Qin (秦孝公 Qín Xiàogōng ) (381 338 BC), born Yíng Qúliáng (嬴渠梁), was a ruler of the State of Qin from 361 to 338 BC during the Warring States Period in China. He employed Shang Yang, a skilled official from Weì (衛, not to be confused… … Wikipedia