Census Act 1800

Census Act 1800

The Census Act 1800 also known as the Population Act 1800 (citation 41 Geo. III c.15) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain which enabled the first Census of England, Scotland and Wales to be undertaken. The census was carried out in 1801 and every ten years thereafter. The 1801 census estimated the population of England and Wales to be 8.9 million, and that of Scotland was 1.6 million. Ireland was not included in the census until 1821.

The first census of England had been carried out by William I and published in the Domesday Book in 1086. Various other censuses had taken place, such as that in the sixteenth century, in which bishops were asked to count the number of families in their dioceses. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, there were several proposals for a Census Bill and a growing concern about the population of Britain and its demand for food, particularly fueled by the publication, in 1798 of Thomas Robert Malthus's "An Essay on the Principle of Population". The Census Bill was presented to Parliament on 20 November 1800, passed on 3 December and received Royal Assent on 31 December. The first census was held on Monday 10 March 1801.

Administration of the 1801 census

The 1801 census was in two parts: the first was concerned with the number of people, their occupations, and numbers of families and houses. The second was a collection of the numbers of baptisms, marriages and burials, thus giving an indication of the rate at which the population was increasing or decreasing. Information was collected by census enumerators who were usually the local Overseers of the Poor or (in Scotland) schoolmasters. They visited individual households and gathered the required information, before submitting statistical summaries. The details of households and individuals were important only in creating these local summaries and were destroyed in all but a few cases. The idea of a census had been championed, amongst others, by John Rickman who was a clerk in the House of Commons. He subsequently undertook the analysis of the results and the preparation of abstracts and reports from the 1801 census (and the three following censuses).

ubsequent censuses

The censuses held in 1811, 1821, and 1831 were based on the same model as the 1801 census. With the passing of the Population Act 1840, a new approach to censuses was adopted under the responsibility of the Registrar General and was first implemented in the 1841 census.

External links

* [http://www.chronology.ndo.co.uk/1800-1849.htm Chronology of the United Kingdom 1800-1849]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/victorian_britain/earning_a_living/working_life_census_01.shtml BBC History Working Life and the First British Census]

succession box
before = na
title=UK Census

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of Acts of Parliament of the Great Britain Parliament, 1780-1800 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain for the years 1780 1800. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish Parliament.For… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Census Bureau — Bureau of the Census Seal Logo …   Wikipedia

  • Race and ethnicity in the United States Census — Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they… …   Wikipedia

  • Reform Act 1832 — First page of the Reform Act 1832 This painting by …   Wikipedia

  • District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871 — The District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871, formally An Act to provide a Government for the District of Columbia, is an Act of Congress, which created a territorial government for the District of Columbia. The act was the first to create a… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolis Management Act 1855 — The Metropolis Management Act 1855 Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act for the better Local Management of the Metropolis. Statute book chapter …   Wikipedia

  • Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 — The Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to annex detached Parts of Counties to the Counties in which they are situated. Statute book ch …   Wikipedia

  • Essai sur le principe de population — Couverture de l édition originale de 1798. Auteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • An Essay on the Principle of Population — Infobox Book | name = An Essay on the Principle of Population image caption = Title page of the original edition of 1798. author = Thomas Robert Malthus translator = illustrator = cover artist = country = England language = English genre =… …   Wikipedia

  • List of towns and cities in England by historical population — This is a list of the largest cities and towns of England ordered by population at various points during history. Until the first modern census was conducted in 1801 there was no centrally conducted method of determining the populations of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.