Supremacism is the belief that a particular race,
religion, gender, belief system or cultureis superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control or rule those who do not. Examples include supremacism based on ethnic or anthropological origins ( white supremacy, black supremacy, ethnocentrism), sexuality (male supremacy, female supremacy) and religion(see below).
Beliefs and ideas
If someone believes something is true whilst someone else believes it is false, each will probably regard the evidence and
reasoningfor his or her belief to be superior (more informed, more considered) than that of the other. For instance, if person X believes the Earth is flat whilst person Y believes it isn't, X would probably consider the evidence and reasoning for his or her belief to be superior to that of Y.
Supremacism, however, goes much further. A supremacist not only holds that any evidence and reasoning for his or her beliefs is superior to any other, but that those holding such beliefs have rights over those who do not. For example:"American leadership is good both for America and for the world" - New American Century Project [http://www.newamericancentury.org/index.html]
Attempts at justification
Following the development of theories such as
evolutionand eugenics, supremacists have sought scientific justification for their views through notions such as Social Darwinism.
Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party was perhaps the best-known and documented organization in history with fundamental principles of racial supremacy. They believed in the establishment of an Aryan empire throughout Europeand Russia, where all people who were not of the Proto-European (Aryan) master racewere to be below them. These beliefs resulted in World War IIand The Holocaust.
American Civil War, southern whites and former Confederates formed the secret society known as the Ku Klux Klan. They preached Anglo Protestant supremacy over all other races, as well as over Jews and Catholics. Japan's military leaders during World War II repeatedly told the Japanese population that they were a superior race, destined to rule Asiaand the Pacific.
Certain sectors of Jamaican-born religion of
Rastafarianismpreaches the supremacy of the black race and the need for Exodus back to Africa (Ethiopia).
Racial supremacy differs from
racismin that, racism is the dislike or disrespect for a particular ethnic group. Racial Supremacy is the belief that one's own race is superior, dominant, chosen, smarter, more civilized, or more productive than any other race.
Hierarchy of Races
Some supremacists believe in the existence of a "hierarchy of races," in which certain races are more or less "evolved" than others. White supremacists believe they are more evolved than Blacks while certain Asians (particularly those of East Asian descent) believe they are the most superior race based on factors such as
IQ, educational attainment, low rates of crime and violence, and wealth (e.g., the model minority, cognitive elitism).
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supremacism — supremacist ► NOUN ▪ an advocate of the supremacy of a particular group, especially one determined by race or sex. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to or advocating such supremacy. DERIVATIVES supremacism noun … English terms dictionary
supremacism — noun the belief that some particular group or race is superior to all others white supremacism • Hypernyms: ↑belief * * * supremˈacism noun (belief in) the supremacy of one particular group of people • • • Main Entry: ↑supreme … Useful english dictionary
supremacism — noun The belief that a particular race, religion, gender, or culture is superior to others, such that those who identify with it are entitled to dominate, control, or rule those who do not. See Also … Wiktionary
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