- Waterloo Bridge
bridge_name = Waterloo Bridge
caption = Waterloo Bridge, seen from the
London Eyeobservation wheel
carries = Motor vehicles
mainspan = 71 m
Waterloo Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge crossing the
River Thamesin London, Englandbetween Blackfriars Bridgeand Hungerford Bridge. The name of the bridge is in memory of the British victory at the Battle of Waterlooin 1815. Thanks to its location at a strategic bend in the river, the views of London ( Westminster, the South Bankand London Eyeto the west, the City of Londonand Canary Wharfto the east) from the bridge are widely held to be the finest from any spot at ground level.
The first bridge on the site was designed in 1809-10 by John Rennie for the Strand Bridge Company and opened in 1817 as a
toll bridge. The granitebridge had nine arches, each of convert|120|ft|m|1|lk=on span, separated by double Grecian-Doric stone columns and was convert|2456|ft|m|1 long, including approaches. Before its opening it was known as 'Strand Bridge'. It was nationalised in 1878 and given to the Metropolitan Board of Works, who removed the toll from it. Serious problems were found in its construction and the new owners reinforced it. Paintings of the bridge were created by the French Impressionist Claude Monetand English Impressionist, John Constable.
By the 1920s, the problems had increased.
London County Councildecided to demolish it and replace it with a new structure designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. The new span was partially opened in 1942 and completed in 1945. [ [http://thames.me.uk/s00110.htm Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide] ] The new bridge was the only Thames bridge to have been damaged by German bombers during World War II. The building contractor was Peter Lind & CompanyLimited. It is frequently asserted that the work force was largely female and it is sometimes referred to as "the ladies' bridge". It is constructed in Portland stonefrom the South West of England; the stone cleans itself whenever it rains.Fact|date=April 2008
Granite stones from the original bridge were subsequently "presented to various parts of the British world to further historic links in the British
Commonwealth of Nations". Two of these stones are in Canberra, the capital city of Australia, sited between the parallel spans of the Commonwealth Avenue Bridge, one of two major crossings of Lake Burley Griffinin the heart of the city. Stones from the bridge were used to build a monument in Wellington, New Zealand, to Paddy the Wanderer, a dog that roamed the wharves from 1928 to 1939 and was befriended by seamen, watersiders, Harbour Board workers and taxi drivers. The monument includes a bronze likeness of Paddy and drinking bowls for dogs.Fact|date=April 2008
The south end of the bridge is the area known as The South Bank and includes the
Royal Festival Hall, Waterloo station, Queen Elizabeth Hall, the Royal National Theatre, and the National Film Theatre(directly beneath the bridge). The north end passes above the Victoria Embankmentwhere the road joins the Strand and Aldwychalongside Somerset House.
Georgi Markovwas a Bulgarian dissidentassassinated on Waterloo Bridge by agents of the Bulgarian secret policeassisted by the KGB. On 7 September 1978, Markov crossed Waterloo Bridge to wait at a bus stopon the other side, when he was jabbed in the leg by a man holding an umbrella. The man apologized and walked away. Markov would later tell doctors that the man had spoken in a foreign accent.
On the evening of 7 September, Markov developed a high fever. He died in agony three days later. After his death, doctors found a small
platinumpellet embedded in his calf. Further examination found that two small holes had been drilled in the bullet containing traces of the poison ricin.
Robert E. Sherwood's 1930 play, "Waterloo Bridge", about a soldier who falls in love and marries a woman he meets on the bridge, unaware that she is a prostitute, was made into films released in 1931 and 1940. The latter starred Vivien Leighand Robert Taylor.
* The bridge also featured in the title of another motion picture: the comedy "The Waterloo Bridge Handicap" (1978) [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0078479/] starring
Michael Faradaytried in 1832 to measure the [http://www.phy6.org/earthmag/NSTA1C.htm potential difference] between each side of the bridge caused by the ebbing salt water flowing through the Earth's magnetic field. See magnetohydrodynamics.
* "After the Lunch" is a poem by
Wendy Copeabout two lovers parting on Waterloo Bridge.
* Most of the stones of the demolished Waterloo Bridge were taken to
HarmondsworthMoor on the western edge of London. Many of them still remain there in various places around the moor.
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=47032 Survey of London entry]
* [http://www.peterlind.co.uk/ladies_bridge.htm Peter Lind & Company]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Waterloo Bridge — 51.508611111111 0.11694444444444 Koordinaten: 51° 30′ 31″ N, 0° 7′ 1″ W f1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Waterloo Bridge — 51°30′31″N 0°07′01″O / 51.50861, 0.11694 … Wikipédia en Français
Waterloo Bridge — Voir La Valse dans l ombre … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Waterloo Bridge (film) — Waterloo Bridge Données clés Titre original Waterloo Bridge Réalisation James Whale Scénario Benn W. Levy Tom Reed Acteurs principaux Mae Clarke Douglass Montgomery Bette Davis … Wikipédia en Français
Waterloo Bridge (disambiguation) — Waterloo Bridge can refer to:* Waterloo Bridge, a bridge over the river Thames in London, England * Waterloo Bridge, Betws y Coed, a bridge over the River Conwy in Wales * Waterloo Bridge (1931 film) , starring Mae Clarke * Waterloo Bridge (1940… … Wikipedia
Waterloo Bridge, Betws-y-Coed — Waterloo Bridge is an early cast iron bridge, spanning the River Conwy at Betws y Coed, in Conwy county borough, north west Wales.The bridge is located about half a mile south east of the village. It was built by the civil engineer Thomas Telford … Wikipedia
Waterloo Bridge (1931) — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Waterloo Bridge Produktionsland USA … Deutsch Wikipedia
Waterloo Bridge (1940 film) — Infobox Film name = Waterloo Bridge caption = Original movie poster director = Mervyn LeRoy writer = Robert E. Sherwood (play) S. N. Behrman (screenplay) Hans Rameau (screenplay) George Froeschel (screenplay) starring = Robert Taylor Vivien Leigh … Wikipedia
Waterloo Bridge (1931 film) — Infobox Film name = Waterloo Bridge caption =Waterloo Bridge film poster director = James Whale producer = Carl Laemmle Jr. writer = Tom Reed (screenplay) Benn Levy (screenplay) Robert E. Sherwood (play) starring = Mae Clarke Douglass Montgomery… … Wikipedia
Abschied auf Waterloo Bridge — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Ihr erster Mann (dt) / Abschied auf Waterloo Bridge (at) Originaltitel: Waterloo Bridge Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1940 Länge: 108 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch … Deutsch Wikipedia