Zion, Illinois


Zion, Illinois

Geobox|Settlement
name = Zion
native_name =
other_name =
category = City
etymology =
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symbol =
country = United States
state = Illinois
region = Lake
region_type = County
district =
district_type = Township
municipality =
location =
elevation_imperial =
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lat_d = 42
lat_m = 27
lat_s = 12
lat_NS = N
long_d = 87
long_m = 50
long_s = 25
long_EW = W
coordinates_no_title = 1
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area_imperial = 8.2
area_land_imperial = 8.2
area_water_imperial =
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population_date = 2000
population_urban =
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population_density_imperial = 2789.5
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leader_type = Mayor
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 60099
area_code = 847
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map_caption = Location of Zion within Illinois
map_background = Illinois - background map.png map_locator = Illinois2
commons = Zion, Illinois
statistics =
website =
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Zion is a city in Lake County, Illinois, United States. The population was 22,866 at the 2000 census, and estimated at 24,303 as of 2005. The city was founded in July 1901 by John Alexander Dowie. He also started the Zion Tabernacle of the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church, which was the only church in town. It was built in the early 1900s and burned down in 1937. [Citation | last = Simane | first = Donald E. | title = The Flat Earth | url = http://www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/flat/flateart.htm | accessdate = 2008-09-04]

Geography

Zion is located at coor dms|42|27|12|N|87|50|25|W|city (42.453221, -87.840222).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.2 km²), all of it land.

The city is one of only a few in the world to have ever been completely planned out before building. Dr. Dowie modeled the city layout after the union flag, because he was originally from Scotland and Australia.Fact|date=December 2007 In the planning stage he mailed the mayors of many large cities across the world for suggestions on how to design the best city possible. A few of the recommendations were:
* Make provisions for alley ways for utilities and garbage removal, and help keep the city looking clean
* Have the houses face east and west so that thermal heat from the sun could be used to reduce heating bills
* Build as many parks as possible

Some of the diagonal roads were never completed. The north-south roads in the original plan are all named from the Bible. The original east-west roads are numbered starting with 1 at the state line (now called Russell Rd.), although there are now new east-west roads which bear names. The city used to extend all of the way down to the lakefront until the state bought it to preserve the beach. Because most of the houses on the lakefront were owned by wealthy citizens, most of them were moved to places around what is now Sheridan Rd.

The former city seal was the subject of a Supreme Court case because it contained a religious symbol.

Major Streets

* Sheridan Road
* 21st Street
* Green Bay Road
* Galilee Avenue
* 9th Street
* Shiloh Boulevard
* 29th Street
* 33rd Street
* Lewis Avenue

Illinois Beach State Park

Zion is the closest municipality to the Illinois Beach State Park: South Beach. The North Beach is in Winthrop Harbor, IL. The beach from Winthrop Harbor to Waukegan is now useless due to being contaminated with asbestos. The beach was originally part of Camp Logan, a rifle range developed by the Illinois National Guard in 1892. Then in World War I and World War II it served as rifle range for the Great Lakes Naval Training Station. The range remained in operation until 1973, when it was transferred to the Illinois Department of Conservation. In 1950, the Illinois Dunes Preservation Society was established to maintain the natural qualities of the beach. With the help of the Illinois Department of Conservation the area south of Beach Road was established as the state's first natural preserve. The northern beach, between beach road and the Wisconsin state border, were obtained between 1971 and 1982. [http://www.dnr.state.il.us/lands/landmgt/PARKS/R2/ILBEACH.HTM]

The south beach is now home of the [http://www.ilresorts.com Illinois Beach Resort and Conference Center] . The [http://www.dnr.state.il.us/lands/landmgt/PARKS/NORTH_PO/INDEX.htm North Point Marina] is at the north beach. This is Illinois' newest and largest marina.

On May 9, 2000, the area encompassing Illinois Beach State Park and North Point Marina was officially designated as the Cullerton Complex in honor of William J. Cullerton, Sr., war hero, avid environmentalist and long-time friend of conservation.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 22,866 people, 7,552 households, and 5,558 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,789.5 people per square mile (1,076.7/km²). There were 8,036 housing units at an average density of 980.3/sq mi (378.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.76% White, 27.10% African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 7.80% from other races, and 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.25% of the population.

There were 7,552 households out of which 44.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,723, and the median income for a family was $50,378. Males had a median income of $37,455 versus $27,563 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,730. About 10.1% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

See also

* Zion Nuclear Power Station

References

*cite book
last = Cook
first = Philip L.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Zion City, Illinois: Twentieth-Century Utopia
publisher = Syracuse University Press
date = 1996
location = Syracuse, New York
pages = 283
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 0-8156-2621-5

*cite book
last = Wallace
first = Irving
authorlink = Irving Wallace
coauthors =
title = Square Pegs: Some Americans Who Dared to Be Different
publisher = Knopf
date = 1957
location = New York
pages = 315
url =
doi =
id =

External links

* [http://www.cityofzion.com/ City of Zion] — Official City of Zion website
* [http://www.city-data.com/city/Zion-Illinois.html Zion, Illinois (IL) Detailed Profile]
* [http://www.zionhs.com/ Zion Historical Society]
* [http://www.ziontownship.org/ Zion Township]
* [http://www.zionchamber.com/ Zion Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.zionparkdistrict.org/ Zion Park District]
* [http://www.zbcalendar.com/ Zion Benton Calendar] – Community Calendar
* [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9C02E7D91439E433A25754C1A9669D946297D6CF Dowie and his host mass in the Garden] (not for free)


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