- Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony ( _de. Heinrich der Fromme) (b.
Dresden, 16 March 1473– d. Dresden, 18 August 1541) was a Duke of Saxonyfrom the House of Wettin.
Heinrich was the second son of
Albert, Duke of Saxonyand his wife Sidonie Podiebrad, princess of Bohemia. When Albert died in 1500, his eldest son Georg succeeded to the Duchy of Saxony, and Heinrich became Lord of Friesland.
Saxon rule of Friesland was disturbed by constant revolts. Consequently Heinrich, who was of a rather inert disposition, gave up his title there. In 1505 Heinrich ceded Friesland to Georg, in return for an annuity and the districts of
Wolkensteinand Freiberg, where Heinrich made his residence.
Martin Lutherstarted the Protestant Reformationin Germany, and a few years later Heinrich converted to Lutheranism. Georg remained a devout Catholic. Both of Georg's sons predeceased him without issue.
When Georg's second son died in 1539, Heinrich (a Protestant) became
heir presumptiveto the Duchy under the Act of Settlement of 1499. To prevent a Protestant succession, Georg tried to override his father's will, disinherit Heinrich, and bequeath the Duchy to Ferdinand, brother of Charles V. But Georg died only two months later, and Heinrich succeeded to the Duchy.
He was then 66 years old, and reigned for only two years. Heinrich made Lutheranism the state religion of the Duchy of Saxony.
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1= 1. Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
Albert, Duke of Saxony
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony
Margarete of Austria
6= 6. George of Kunštát and Podiebrad, King of Bohemia
Kunigunde of Sternberg
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Catherine of Brunswick
Ernest, Duke of Austria
Cymburgis of Masovia
Victorin I of Kunštát and Podiebrad
Anna of Wartenberg
Smil of Sternberg
Barbara Flaschka von Richenburg
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
Katherina of Henneberg
Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19= 19. Sophie of Pomerania
Leopold III, Duke of Austria
Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
Alexandra of Lithuania
Boczek V of Kunštát and Podiebrad
Anna Lipa of Duba
Udalrich of Sternberg
Margarethe of Seeberg
Marriage and Children
Freiberg, on 6 July 1512, Heinrich married Katharina, daughter of Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. They had six children:
#Sybille (b. Freiberg,
2 May 1515- d. Buxtehude, 18 July 1592), married on 8 February 1540to Duke Franz I of Saxe-Lauenburg.
#Emilie (b. Freiberg,
27 July 1516- d. Ansbach, 9 March 1591), married on 25 August 1533to Georg, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
#Sidonie (b. Meissen,
8 March 1518- d. Kloster Weissenfels, 4 January 1575), married on 17 May 1545to Duke Erich II of Brunswick-Kalenberg.
#Maurice (b. Freiberg,
21 March 1521- d. of wounds received in action at Sievershausen, 11 July 1553), later Elector of Saxony.
#Severinus (b. Freiberg?,
28 August 1522- d. Innsbruck, 10 October 1533).
#Augustus (b. Freiberg,
31 July 1526- d. Dresden, 11 February 1586).
* [http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb011/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0110603) Article in the ABD]
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