President of the Soviet Union


President of the Soviet Union

The President of the Soviet Union was the Head of State of the USSR from March 15, 1990 to December 25, 1991. Mikhail Gorbachev was the first and only person to occupy the office. Gorbachev was also General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (a position that he had held since March 1985) between March 1990 and August 1991. He derived an increasingly greater share of his power from his position as President until he finally resigned as General Secretary after the Soviet coup attempt of 1991.

The office had not existed until 1990; previously the head of Soviet state had been the Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR (Chairman of the All-Union Executive Committee, ВЦИК) from 1922-1938, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1938-1989, then the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet in 1989-90.

From the mid-1920s on, all effective executive political power was in the hands of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with the Chairman exercising largely symbolic and figurehead duties. Starting with Leonid Brezhnev in 1977, the last four General Secretaries simultaneously served as Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet during their time in office.

President of the Soviet Union

*Mikhail Gorbachev (March 15 1990 - December 25 1991) ("office abolished with the dissolution of the USSR")
*Gennady Yanayev ("acting; in opposition") (August 19 1991 - August 21 1991)

ee also

*USSR Heads of State
*Premier of the Soviet Union
*General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • President - получить на Академике действующий промокод Pharmacosmetica или выгодно president купить со скидкой на распродаже в Pharmacosmetica

  • The Soviet Union and the Iran–Iraq War — The policy of the Soviet Union towards the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 to 1988 varied, beginning with a stance of strict neutrality and moving towards massive military support for Iraq in the final phase of the war. The war was inconvenient for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Government of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Dissolution of the Soviet Union — Tanks at Red Square during the 1991 Soviet coup d état attempt Participants People of the Soviet Union Federal government …   Wikipedia

  • Premier of the Soviet Union — Former political post Coat of arms Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Democratisation in the Soviet Union — was proposed by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev in January 1987. He was calling for the infusion of democratic elements into the Soviet Union s single party government. Gorbachev s democratisation meant the introduction of multi candidate not …   Wikipedia

  • Hero of the Soviet Union — The title Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Герой Советского Союза, Geroy Sovyetskovo Soyuza ) was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and… …   Wikipedia

  • Demography of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Soviet Union — See also: Soviet historiography Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of the Soviet Union — Flag of the USSR redirects here. For other uses, see Flag of the USSR (disambiguation). Flag of the Soviet Union Name The Red Banner[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Crime in the Soviet Union — Crime statistics in the Soviet Union were often published uncomprehensively by the government, because crime was considered to be an ideological embarrassment to the Soviet Union. According to Western experts, robberies, homicide and other… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.