List of philosophers born in the eighteenth century

List of philosophers born in the eighteenth century

Philosophers born in the eighteenth century "(and others important in the history of philosophy)", listed alphabetically:

::"Note: This list has a minimal criteria for inclusion and the relevance to philosophy of some individuals on the list is disputed."

"See also:"
* "List of philosophers"
* "List of philosophers born in the centuries BC"
* "List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the seventeenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the eighteenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the nineteenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the twentieth century"
* "List of living philosophers and academics of philosophy"


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A

*Jacob Friedrich von Abel, (1751-1829)
*John Abercrombie, (1780-1844)
*Johann Heinrich Abicht, (1762-1816)
*Francesco Algarotti, (1712-1764)
*Archibald Alison, (1757-1839)fn|R
*Anton Wilhelm Amo, (1703-c. 1759)fn|R
*Georg Anton Friedrich Ast, (1778-1841)
*John Austin, (1790-1859)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Pierre Hyacinthe Azais, (1766-1845)

B

*Franz Xaver von Baader, (1765-1841)
*Charles Babbage, (1791-1871)fn|C
*Pierre-Simon Ballanche, (1776-1847)
*Christoph Gottfried Bardili, (1761-1808)
*Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, (1714-1762)fn|Cfn|R
*James Beattie, (1735-1803)fn|Cfn|R
*Cesare, Marquis of Beccaria, (1738-1794)fn|C
*Jacob Sigismund Beck, (1761-1840)fn|R
*Friedrich Eduard Beneke, (1798-1854)fn|C
*Jeremy Bentham, (1748-1832)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*William Blackstone, (1723-1780)fn|R
*Hugh Blair, (1718-1800)fn|R
*Bernard Bolzano, (1781-1848)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald, (1754-1840)
*Charles Bonnet, (1720-1793)fn|R
*Rudjer Boscovich, (1711-1787)fn|C
*Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, (1755-1826)fn|O12
*Thomas Brown, (1778-1820)fn|R
*Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, (1707-1788)fn|R
*Edmund Burke, (1729-1797)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

C

*Pierre Jean George Cabanis, (1757-1808)fn|R
*George Campbell, (1719-1796)fn|R
*Thomas Carlyle, (1795-1881)fn|Cfn|R
*Petr Iakovlevich Chaadev, (1794-1856)fn|R
*Heinrich Moritz Chalybäus, (1796-1862)
*Chang Hsueh-ch'eng (or "Zhang Xuecheng"), (1738-1801)fn|C
*Tasan Chông Yagyong, (1762-1836)fn|R
*Samuel Taylor Coleridge, (1772-1834)fn|O12fn|R
*Auguste Comte, (1798-1857)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, (1715-1780)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Marquis de Condorcet, (1743-1794)fn|Cfn|O2fn|R
*Benjamin Constant, (1767-1830)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Victor Cousin, (1792-1867)fn|Cfn|R
*Johann Ulrich von Cramer, (1706-1772)
*Christian August Crusius, (1715-1775)fn|Cfn|R

D

*Jean le Rond d'Alembert, (1717-1783)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Joseph de Maistre, (1753-1821)fn|Cfn|O12
*Emerich de Vattel, (1714-1767)
*Denis Diderot, (1713-1784)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Émilie du Châtelet, (1706-1749)fn|R

E

*Johann Augustus Eberhard, (1739-1809)fn|R
*Jonathan Edwards, (1703-1758)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

F

*Adam Ferguson, (1723-1816)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Johann Gottlieb Fichte, (1762-1814)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Immanuel Hermann Fichte, (1797-1879)
*David Fordyce, (1711-1751)fn|C
*Charles Fourier, (1772-1837)fn|C
*Benjamin Franklin, (1706-1790)fn|O12fn|R
*Jakob Friedrich Fries, (1773-1843)fn|R

G

*Alexander Gerard, (1728-1795)fn|R
*Giacinto Cardinal Sigismondo Gerdil, (1718-1802)fn|R
*Thomas Gisbourne, (1758-1846)
*William Godwin, (1756-1836)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, (1749-1832)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*George Grote, (1794-1871)

H

*Johann Georg Hamann, (1730-1788)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Sir William Hamilton, (1788-1856)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*David Hartley, (1705-1757)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*G.W.F. Hegel, (1770-1831)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Claude Adrien Helvétius, (1715-1771)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Johann Friedrich Herbart, (1776-1841)fn|Cfn|R
*Johann Gottfried Herder, (1744-1803)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Laurens Perseus Hickok, (1798-1888)
*Hermann Friedrich Wilhelm Hinrichs, (1794-1861)
*Josef Hoëné-Wronski, (1778-1853)
*Baron d'Holbach, (1723-1789)fn|Cfn|O12fn|S
*Friedrich Hölderlin, (1770-1843)fn|Cfn|R
*Wilhelm von Humboldt, (1767-1835)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*David Hume, (1711-1776)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

I

J

*Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, (1743-1819)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Thomas Jefferson, (1743-1826)fn|O12fn|R
*Alexander Bryan Johnson, (1786-1867)fn|R
*Dr. Samuel Johnson, (1709-1784)fn|O12fn|R
*Théodore Simon Jouffroy, (1796-1842)

K

*Immanuel Kant, (1724-1804)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Heinrich von Kleist, (1777-1811)fn|C
*Richard Payne Knight, (1750-1824)
*Martin Knutzen, (1713-1751)fn|R
*Hugo Kołłątaj, (1750-1812)
*Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, (1781-1832)fn|Cfn|R
*Nachman Krochmal, (1785-1840)fn|R
*Wilhelm Traugott Krug, (1770-1842)

L

*Julien Offray de La Mettrie, (1709-1751)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, (1744-1829)fn|O12
*Johann Heinrich Lambert, (1728-1777)fn|Cfn|R
*Lamennais, (1752-1854)
*Pierre-Simon Laplace, (1749-1827)fn|Cfn|O12
*Pierre Laromiguière, (1756-1837)
*Pierre Leroux, (1798-1871)fn|C
*Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, (1729-1781)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, (1742-1799)fn|O12fn|R
*Carolus Linnaeus, (1707-1778)fn|R

M

*Gabriel Bonnot de Mably, (1709-1785)
*Salomon Maimon (or "Salomon ben Joshua"), (1753-1800)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Maine de Biran, (1766-1824)fn|O12fn|R
*Moses Mendelssohn, (1729-1786)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*James Mill, (1773-1836)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*John Millar, (1735-1801)fn|R
*Lord Monboddo (or "James Burnett"), (1714-1799)fn|R
*Motoori Norinaga, (1730-1801)fn|R

N

*Novalis, (1772-1801)fn|C

O

*Lorenz Oken, (1779-1851)fn|R
*James Oswald, (1703-1793)fn|R
*Thomas Paine, (1737-1809)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*William Paley, (1743-1805)fn|Cfn|R
*Thomas Percival, (1740-1804)fn|C
*Issac de Pinto, (1715-1787)
*Richard Price, (1723-1791)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Joseph Priestley, (1733-1804)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

Q

R

*Daniel Raymond, (1786-1849)
*August Wilhelm Rehberg, (fl. late 18th century)fn|S*
*Thomas Reid, (1710-1796)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Karl Leonhard Reinhold, (1757-1823)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*David Ricardo, (1772-1823)
*Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, (1797-1855)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Jean Jacques Rousseau, (1712-1778)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, (1760-1825)
*Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, (1763-1845)

S

*Mulla Hadi Sabzevari, (1797-1873)fn|R
*Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, (1760-1825)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Friedrich Karl von Savigny, (1779-1861)fn|R
*Friedrich Schelling, (1775-1852)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Friedrich Schiller, (1759-1805)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Friedrich von Schlegel, (1772-1829)fn|Cfn|O2fn|Rfn|S*
*Friedrich Schleiermacher, (1768-1834)fn|Cfn|O2fn|Rfn|S
*Arthur Schopenhauer, (1788-1860)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Gottlob Ernst Schulze, (1761-1833)fn|C
*Shah Wali Allah (or "Qutb al-Din Ahmad al-Rahim" or "Waliullah"), (1703-1762)fn|R
*Lady Mary Shepherd, (1777-1847)fn|C
*Heinrich Christoph Wilhelm Sigwart, (1789-1844)
*Hryhori Skovoroda, (1722-1794)fn|R
*Adam Smith, (1723-1790)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Jan Sniadecki, (1756-1830)
*Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Solger, (1780-1890)
*Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, (1766-1817)fn|R
*Stanislaw Staszic, (1755-1826)
*Dugald Stewart, (1753-1828)fn|O12fn|R

T

*Tai Chen (or "Dai Zhen" or "Tai Tung-Yuan"), (1724-1777)fn|Cfn|R
*Johannes Nikolaus Tetens, (1736-1807)fn|Cfn|R
*William Thompson, (1775-1833)
*Tominaga Nakamoto, (1715-1746)fn|R
*Abraham Tucker, (1705-1774)fn|R

U

V

*Emerich de Vattel, (1714-1767)
*Vauvenargues, (1715-1747)fn|C

W

*William Whewell, (1794-1866)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*John Witherspoon, (1723-1794)fn|R
*Mary Wollstonecraft, (1759-1797)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

X

Y

Z

Notes

* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, (Second Edition)". Cambridge University Press; 1999. ISBN 0-521-63722-8
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Oxford Companion to Philosophy". :"1": Oxford University Press; 1995. ISBN 0-19-866132-0:"2": Oxford University Press; 2005. ISBN 0-19-926479-1
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in the "Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Routledge; 2000. ISBN 0-415-22364-4
* - This person is featured in the peer-reviewed online "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Subjects with an asterisk have an article solicited about them, but not yet published at the encyclopedia (as of 2-22-2006).

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See also

List of philosophers


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