- Big Finish Productions
company_name = Big Finish Productions
company_type = Private
foundation = 1998
location_country = UK
Jason Haigh-Ellery, MD
Nicholas Briggs, Executive Producer
John Ainsworth, Marketing Director
Barnaby Edwards, Casting Director
David Richardson, Producer
Paul Wilson, Web and Online Manager
List of Doctor Who audio plays by Big Finish
homepage = [http://www.bigfinish.com/ www.bigfinish.com]
Big Finish Productions is a British company that produces books and audio plays (released straight to
compact discand for download in mp3format) based on British cult science fiction properties. They are best known for their " Doctor Who" line; other properties include "2000 AD" characters Judge Dreddand Strontium Dog; "Dark Shadows"; " The Tomorrow People"; " Sapphire & Steel"; " The Adventures of Luther Arkwright"; and " Stargate".
The Managing Director of the company is
Jason Haigh-Ellery. The company name, "Big Finish", comes from the title of an episode of " Press Gang".
History and organisation
Many of those initially involved in Big Finish had worked on the
Audio Visualsfan series of unlicensed "Doctor Who" audio plays.
Big Finish began with a series of audio plays adapted from New Adventures. These were a series of novels from
Virgin Bookswhich had originally been licensed "Doctor Who" stories, but by then had become officially independent from the show and were based around the character of Bernice "Benny" Summerfield. Big Finish then obtained a (non-exclusive) license to produce official "Doctor Who" plays, beginning with the multi-Doctor story " The Sirens of Time". "Doctor Who" and spin-offs have remained the main part of the company's output ever since, although they have since diversified.
The company's first foray into books also came through Benny and a series of paperbacks. This range was later abandoned, but the company then obtained a (non-exclusive) license to do hardback "Doctor Who" short story collections. They subsequently returned to Benny books and other "Doctor Who" spin-offs, but have kept with the hardback format.
Until July 2006,
Gary Russellserved as producer of the "Doctor Who" audios. When Russell left the company, Haigh-Ellery and Nicholas Briggstook joint responsibility as Executive Producers. Briggs now bears creative responsibility for Big Finish's "Doctor Who" range, along with script editor Alan Barnes. In late 2007 David Richardson took over from Sharon Gosling and now holds the title of Producer, with organisational and administrative responsibilities.
In February 2008, Big Finish launched a new download service through their website. They are providing their audio plays in
mp3format, free of any DRM. They are working to provide their whole catalogue through this service, but are starting with their Doctor Who range.
In June 2008, Big Finish announced a download subscription service that mirrors its physical CD service.
In September 2008, they released their first free downloadable play. "" had previously been given away with an issue of "Doctor Who Magazine". [cite web|url=http://www.bigfinish.com/UNIT-The-Coup|title=UNIT: The Coup|Publisher=Big Finish Productions|date=2008]
The "Doctor Who" audio plays feature four of the surviving lead actors to play the character of the Doctor (
Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy, and Paul McGann) as well as many of the regular supporting actors over the many years of the programme. The late Jon Pertwee's voice is featured in the 40th Anniversary story "Zagreus". His part in the story was pieced together from snippets of dialogue (from the fan-produced "Doctor Who" video "Devious") recorded prior to his death.
Of the other surviving Doctors,
Tom Bakerhas declined invitations to return to the role, and Big Finish's licence, which has been extended to 2007, only covers the original "Doctor Who" series. Big Finish are therefore unable to feature any material from or references to the new series, which prohibits Christopher Ecclestonand David Tennantfrom appearing as the Ninth and Tenth Doctors respectively. The extent of the restriction remains unclear, as the character of the Ninth Doctor makes a silent "off-screen" appearance that affects the plot of 2006's " The Kingmaker", and is obliquely referred to by the Eighth Doctor and an unknown alien in trailers for the radio broadcasts of the Eighth Doctor adventures.
The return of "Doctor Who" to television in 2005 did not have an immediate impact on the audio plays, save that the grouping of Eighth Doctor adventures into "seasons" ceased and subsequent releases starring McGann were folded into the regular releases featuring previous Doctors. McGann, who appeared as the Doctor in a 1996 telemovie yet never got a television series of his own, concluded his fourth and last continuous audio "season" with the release of "
The Next Life" in 2004.
Six of the earliest Eighth Doctor dramas were broadcast in
BBC 7's " The 7th Dimension" slot between August 2005 and January 2006: these were "Storm Warning", " Sword of Orion", " The Stones of Venice", "Invaders from Mars", " Shada" and " The Chimes of Midnight". (" Minuet in Hell", originally released on CD between "The Stones of Venice" and "Invaders from Mars", was judged unsuitable for the timeslot.) All six of these stories were rebroadcast on BBC7 beginning in July 2006 and again in September 2007.
In September 2006, "
Doctor Who Magazine" announced that Big Finish would be producing a new eight-part audio miniseries featuring the Eighth Doctorand new companion Lucie Miller(played by Sheridan Smith), set later in the character's chronology (i.e. after he has parted ways with 'current' companions Charley Pollardand C'rizz). The miniseries was broadcast on BBC 7 beginning on New Year's Eve 2006 and subsequently released on CD. Each episode was 50 minutes long; most were one-part stories, with two-parters beginning and ending the miniseries. A further series of these is planned, with the same stars, while the 'earlier' continuity stories are due to be tied up in two further releases towards the end of 2007.
The relationship of Big Finish's productions in to the ongoing story of the television series is unclear, despite some of them now being broadcast by the BBC. Unlike, for example,
Paramount Pictureswhich has a rule that only live-action televised or filmed " Star Trek" productions are canonical, the BBC have always resisted making such an announcement regarding "Doctor Who" – importantly, the BBC's charter prohibits situations where television viewers must be required to purchase merchandise in order to follow the storyFact|date=October 2007. The Big Finish audio productions (and print spin-offs) therefore exist in something of a 'grey area' in terms of canon. The fact that a couple of them have been (partially) adapted into new stories as episodes for the ongoing TV series further muddies the waters.
Big Finish also publishes a series of short story anthologies taking place in the "Doctor Who" universe under the overall title of "Short Trips". Three "Short Trips" collections were published by
BBC Booksin the late 1990s, before a hardback short story anthology license was granted to Big Finish, who took over the name and have produced them ever since.
Big Finish has also produced a number of short, single episode plays which have been released exclusively with issues of "Doctor Who Magazine". To date, this has included several "Doctor Who" stories, as well as stories from the
UNITand Bernice Summerfield series. Most of these DWM releases have also included behind-the-scenes audio featurettes and previews of regular releases (including on occasion complete sample episodes).
Characters, actors, and villains
Along with the Doctors from the original series, most of their companions have returned. These include Nyssa (
Sarah Sutton), Turlough ( Mark Strickson), Peri ( Nicola Bryant), Mel ( Bonnie Langford), and Ace ( Sophie Aldred). With Janet Fielding's reprisal of her role as Tegan Jovankafor one play, "The Gathering", all the surviving actors who have played the companions of the respective Doctors to appear in Big Finish have appeared, with the exception of Matthew Waterhousewho played Adric.
The audio plays have also introduced their own companions. These include Doctor
Evelyn Smythe(played by Maggie Stables), Erimem( Caroline Morris), Charley Pollard( India Fisher), C'rizz( Conrad Westmaas), "Hex" ( Philip Olivier) and Amy ( Ciara Janson). The character of Professor Bernice Summerfield, from the spin-off novels, has also appeared, and stars in her own line of audio plays, written by a number of authors including her creator Paul Cornell. Frobisher, a shape-changing alien in the preferred guise of a penguincreated in the mid 1980s for the " Doctor Who Magazine" comic strip, has appeared in two stories, portrayed by Robert Jezek.
Other spin-offs include the "Gallifrey" series (with
Lalla Wardas Romana, Louise Jamesonas Leela and John Leesonas K-9); the "Dalek Empire" series; the "UNIT" series; the Iris Wildthyme series starring Katy Manning; the "Sarah Jane Smith" series and the "" series. Big Finish have also produced a series of "Doctor Who" plays based on alternative scenarios (for example, what if the Doctor had never left Gallifrey, or had been a woman), collectively titled "Doctor Who Unbound". This has allowed them to cast other actors in the role of the Doctor, including Sir Derek Jacobi, Arabella Weirand David Warner.
A number of new villains have also been introduced, which include Nimrod, the deputy director of a
United Kingdom"black ops" military research establishment known as the Forge. Thus far, Nimrod and the Forge have appeared in two "Doctor Who" audios, namely ' and ', both written by Cavan Scottand Mark Wright. There were hints of the Forge's influence in the subsequent audios " Cryptobiosis", written by Elliot Thorpeand "The Gathering" by Joseph Lidster.Other writers for Big Finish include Rob Shearmanand "The League of Gentlemen's" Mark Gatiss, who have also written for the 2005 relaunch of the " Doctor Who" television series.
Former adversaries of the Doctor who have reappeared in the audio plays include the Master, the Cybermen, the
Daleks and Davros(both separately and together), Omega, the Nimon, the Ice Warriors, the Autons, the Zarbi and the Silurians. The Sea Devils made an appearance in the Bernice Summerfield play "Bernice Summerfield and the Poison Seas", and the Draconians have also appeared.
Between 2002 and 2004, Big Finish released eighteen audio plays featuring characters from the British sci-fi comic strip anthology magazine "2000 AD". These consisted of sixteen "
Judge Dredd" stories with two additional plays featuring characters from the " Strontium Dog" strip.
When initially announced, the intention was for the series to consist of stories based upon three strips with "
Rogue Trooper" joining "Judge Dredd" and "Strontium Dog". The first story to feature "Rogue Trooper" was supposed to be "Nordland Calling" by Gordon Rennie, but this was abandoned due to difficulties in creating the character’s unique personalities in the audio medium successfully on Big Finish’s limited budget and cast.
The "Judge Dredd" series drew heavily upon Big Finish’s repertory company established through their "Doctor Who" series with many actors crossing over such as
Toby Longworth(who voiced Dredd), Clare Buckfield, Nicholas Briggs, Mark Donovanand Teresa Gallagherwho voiced Chief Judge Hershey. The series would also feature many special guest stars such as the "The League of Gentlemen"'s Mark Gatissplaying Judge Death, "Doctor Who" companion actress Nicola Bryant(who would also direct "99 Code Red!") plus " Blake's 7" star Stephen Greifas Efil Drago San. Writers for the series included David Bishop, Dave Stoneand James Swallow.
For the "Strontium Dog" audio plays, "
Shaun of the Dead" star Simon Peggwas cast in the leading role of Johnny Alphawith Longworth voicing his partner Wulf Sternhammerand Mark McDonnelltaking on the role of Middenface McNulty. Despite critical acclaim, the sales of the first "Strontium Dog" release, "Down to Earth", were disappointing and Big Finish focused almost exclusively on the better-selling "Judge Dredd" series. Writer Jonathan Clementswould pen another "Strontium Dog" story for the series though with "Fire from Heaven" before the sixteenth play in the "2000 AD" range, "Pre-Emptive Revenge". This featured a crossover, with Johnny Alpha teaming up alongside Dredd in the aftermath of the "Judgement Day" storyline.
The final release in the "2000 AD" series was a "Judge Dredd" play entitled "Solo" by Jonathan Clements, notable for star Toby Longworth voicing every single part through a combination of his own vocal dexterity and special effects.
No further releases are planned at this time.
Earthsearch" was a BBC Radio 4radio series written by James Follettwhich was later adapted as a science fiction novel. However, his prequel novel " Earthsearch Mindwarp" was adapted by Big Finish and is being broadcast by the Digital radiostation BBC 7. " Earthsearch Mindwarp" stars a number of actors from the "Doctor Who" range — India Fisher, Nicholas Courtneyand Colin Baker.
List of Doctor Who audio plays by Big Finish
* [http://www.bigfinish.com/ Big Finish Productions Official website]
* [http://www.tertiary.consoleroom.btinternet.co.uk/ The Tertiary Console Room - CD review website]
* [http://www.tetrap.com/drwho/disccon/ The DiscContinuity Guide - guide to the "Doctor Who" audio plays]
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