name = Brambling
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
status_ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=53388|title=Fringilla montifringilla|downloaded=12 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern]

image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Fringillidae
genus = "Fringilla"
species = "F. montifringilla"
binomial = "Fringilla montifringilla"
binomial_authority = Linnaeus, 1758
The Brambling, "Fringilla montifringilla", is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.

This bird is widespread throughout the forests of northern Europe and Asia. It is migratory, wintering in southern Europe, north Africa, Northern Pakistan, north India, China and Japan. It regularly strays into Alaska during migration and may continue as far south as the western United States.

Open coniferous or birch woodland is favoured for breeding. It builds its nest in a tree fork, and decorates the exterior with moss or lichen to make it less conspicuous. It lays 4-9 eggs.

This species can form large flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixed with Chaffinches. These large gathering occur especially if there is a good supply of Beech nuts. The food is seeds, but unlike most finches, the young are fed extensively on insects.

The Brambling is similar in size and shape to a Chaffinch. Breeding-plumaged male Bramblings are very distinctive, with a black head, dark upperparts, orange breast and white belly. Females and younger birds are less distinct, and more similar in appearance to some Chaffinches. In all plumages, however, Bramblings differs from Chaffinches in a number of features: (i) Brambling has a white rump whereas that of Chaffinch is grey-green; (ii) the breast is orange, contrasting with a white belly on Brambling, whereas on Chaffinch the underparts of more uniformly coloured (pink or buff); (iii) Brambling's scapulars are orange, whereas Chaffinch's are grey or grey-brown; (iv) the flanks are dark-spotted on Brambling, plain on Chaffinch; (v) Bramblings lack the white outer tail feathers of Chaffinch. An additional difference for all plumages except breeding-plumaged males is the bill colour - yellow in Brambling, dull pinkish in Chaffinch (breeding-plumaged male Bramblings have black bills, Chaffinches in the corresponding plumage have grey bills). [Svensson, Lars, Peter Grant, Killian Mullarney & Dan Zetterstrom (1999) The Collins Bird Guide]




*In the .Hack//G.U. Trilogy the character Atoli is named after the Brambling. It is translated into Atori.

External links

* [ Stamps] Belgium, China, Taiwan
* [ Brambling videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [ Ageing and sexing (PDF) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.


См. также в других словарях:

  • brambling — noun Brit. gather blackberries. → bramble brambling [ bramblɪŋ] noun a finch with a white rump, related to the chaffinch. [Fringilla montifringilla.] Origin C16: perh. from or related to the obs. Ger. synonym Brämling, related to bramble, or a… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Brambling — Bram bling, n. [OE. bramline. See {Bramble}, n.] (Zo[ o]l.) The European mountain finch ({Fringilla montifringilla}); called also {bramble finch} and {bramble}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brambling — Brambling, so v.w. Blaumeise, s.u. Meise …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • brambling — ► NOUN ▪ a finch with a white rump, related to the chaffinch. ORIGIN perhaps from obsolete German Brämling in the same sense; related to BRAMBLE(Cf. ↑bramble) …   English terms dictionary

  • brambling — [bram′bliŋ] n. [earlier bramline, prob. < BRAMBLE] a brightly colored, migrating finch (Fringilla montifringilla) of Europe …   English World dictionary

  • brambling — /bram bling/, n. an Old World finch, Fringilla montifringilla, the male of which is black and white with a reddish brown breast. [1560 70; earlier bramlin (bram (var. of BROOM) + lin LING1); akin to G Brämling] * * * ▪ bird  (species Fringilla… …   Universalium

  • brambling — /ˈbræmblɪŋ/ (say brambling) noun a finch, Fringilla montifringilla, which breeds in northern parts of Europe and Asia and migrates southward in winter. {earlier bramling, from broom (def. 3) + ling1} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Brambling — šiaurinis kikilis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Fringilla montifringilla angl. Brambling vok. Bergfink …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • brambling — šiaurinis kikilis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Fringilla montifringilla angl. brambling vok. Bergfink, m rus. вьюрок, m; юрок, m pranc. pinson du nord, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kikiliai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • brambling — noun A finch, of northern Eurasia; the male has a black head in summer and an orange breast with white belly and a long white rump …   Wiktionary

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