Military of Serbia and Montenegro


Military of Serbia and Montenegro
Military of Serbia and Montenegro
VSCG.jpg
Seal of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro
Founded May 20, 1992
Disbanded June 5, 2006
Headquarters Belgrade
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief
President Dobrica Ćosić (1992-1993)
President Zoran Lilić (1993-1997)
President Slobodan Milošević (1997-2000)
President Vojislav Koštunica (2000-2003)
Commanders of General Staff HQ
Colonel General Života Panić (1992-1993)
Colonel General Momčilo Perišić (1993-1998)
General of the Army Dragoljub Ojdanić (1998-2000)
Colonel General Nebojša Pavković (2000-2002)
Colonel General Branko Krga (last Chief of the General Staff)
Manpower
Military age 19 years
Related articles
History Bosnian War, Kosovo War,
Preševo Valley conflict
Ranks Ranks and insignia of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro

The Military of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006) (Serbian: Vojska Srbije i Crna Gore, VSCG; Војска Србије и Црне Горе, ВСЦГ) were the armed forces of the Serbia and Montenegro. The military included ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense.

Preceding the VSCG was the Military of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Vojska Jugoslavije, VJ; Војска Југославије, ВЈ) from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), the military of SFR Yugoslavia. The state, then named "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia", participated in the Yugoslav Wars, but with limited direct intervention of its own armed forces. Following the end of the Wars and the constitutional reforms of 2003 by which the state was renamed "Serbia and Montenegro", the military accordingly changed its name to "Military of Serbia and Montenegro". The military was heavily involved in combating the separatist Kosovo Liberation Army and Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac during the Kosovo War and Preševo Valley conflict, and also engaged NATO airplanes during the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Upon the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro with the Montenegrin independence referendum of 2006, a fraction of the joint military was given to Montenegro, with the bulk of the force remaining in Serbia.

Contents

Ground Forces

Official seal of the Military of Yugoslavia, prior to its renaming

Armoured vehicles

[1]

Artillery

Air Defence

Infantry Weapons

  • CZ-99 Pistol 9 mm
  • M70A/M70B1 Assault Rifles 7.62 mm
  • M93 Black Arrow Long Range Rifle
  • BGA
  • M76 7.9 mm Sniper rifle
  • M72 7.62 mm Machine gun
  • M84 7.62 mm Machine gun
  • M87 12.7 mm Heavy Machine gun [2]
  • AT-3 Sagger
  • AT-4 Spigot
  • M79 "Osa" 90 mm
  • M80 "Zolja" 64 mm rocket grenade launcher

Air Force

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service 1998 In service 2003 Notes
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Fishbed  Soviet Union Fighter
Trainer
Recon
MiG-21 Bis
MiG-21 UM
MiG-21 MF/R
54
8
2/4
26
6
1
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum  Soviet Union Fighter
Trainer
MiG-29A
MiG-29UB
14
2
4
1
SOKO J-22 Orao Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia Ground Attack
Trainer
Rece
Rece-Trainer
J-22
NJ-22
IJ-22
INJ-22
35
10
~10
2
16
7
8
2
SOKO G-2 Galeb Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia Fighter Bomber & Trainer G-2š <20 1
SOKO G-4 Super Galeb Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia Fighter Bomber & Trainer
Unarmed Trainer
Target puller
Prototyp
G-4
G-4š
G-4t
G-4M
48
8
4
1
23
8
2
1
Antonov An-2 Colt  Poland Cargo Aircraft An-2TD 4 1
Antonov An-26 Curl  Soviet Union Cargo Aircraft An-26B 12 2(6)
Yakovlev Yak-40 Codling  Soviet Union VIP Aircraft Yak-40 4 1-2
Mil Mi-8 Hip  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter
Multirole Helicopter
Mi-8T 44 29
Mil Mi-14 Haze  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Mi-14PL 3 0 All destroyed during the war in Kosovo
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Ka-25PL 4 0 3 destroyed during the war. Last one withdrawn, now in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Kamov Ka-28 Helix  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Ka-28PL 2 0 Withdrawn, now in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Aérospatiale SA-341/-342 Gazelle  France/
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia
Utility
Recon
Attack Helicopter
Attack helicopter
HO-42/45
HI-42 Hera
HN-42M Gama
HN-45M Gama 2
30
3
27
15
29
3
19
11

Navy

Yugoslav Naval Ensign

The Federal Yugoslav Navy was based in the Kotor and was largely made of vessels inherited from the SFR Yugoslav Navy. During NATO's Operation Allied Force in 1999, the Navy took control over civilian shipping around Kotor, despite NATO's blockade[3] and in several actions the warships fire at NATO aircraft on their way to strike Serbian targets.[4] The Navy claimed to have shot down three UAVs over Boka Kotorska.[5] The images of the remains of one of them were displayed online.[6]

  • Koni class frigate (2)
  • Kotor class frigate (2)
  • Heroj class submarine (3)
  • Sava class submarine (4)
  • Una class submarine (5)
  • Končar class guided missile gunboat (6)
  • Osa class missile boat (10)
  • Jadran sailboat
  • Neštin class minesweeper (7)
  • Kozara river ship

Operational experience

    • War with Albanian guerrilla groups (1998-1999)
    • War with NATO (1999)
    • Presevo Valley Conflict (2001)

Statistics prior to split

The M-84 Main Battle Tank
Serbia and Montenegro Air Defense SA-13 Strela-10

Civilians fit for military service were estimated at about 4,888,595 (2001 est.). The 2002 estimate for military expenditures as percent of GDP was 4.6%. Significant reforms were undertaken in the military of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2002 the Serbo-Montenegrin Military force numbered around 100,000 soldiers, supported by some 450,000 reserves. The 100,000 strong Army had 1,500 main battle tanks and 687 armed infantry vehicles. The Navy had 3,500 personnel, of whom 900 were marines. The entire Navy was composed totally out of 6 submarines, 3 frigates, 41 patrol & coastal ships and 14 "other" vessels. The Air force 14,000 personnel had 192 combat aircraft and 72 armed helicopters.

Military branches

  • Army (Kopnena vojska - KoV VSCG)
  • Air Force and Air Defense (Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna odbrana - RV i PVO VSCG)
  • Navy (Ratna Mornarica - RM VSCG)

Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2003 est.)

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 3,579,620 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 3,077,660 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 101,547 (2003 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $954 million (2002)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 4.6% (2002. est.)

International Deployment

The VSCG was part of MONUC, the UN mission in the Congo. The VSCG was also part of UNAMSIL, the UN mission into Sierra Leone.

Last chief of staff of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro was general Ljubiša Jokić.

Gallery

See also

  • Yugoslav Peoples Army

References

External links


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