Guadeloupe Fund

Guadeloupe Fund

The Guadeloupe Fund ( _sv. Guadeloupefonden) was established by Sweden's Riksdag of the Estates in 1815 for the benefit of Crown Prince and Regent Charles XIV John of Sweden, also known as "Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte", and his heirs.

On March 3, 1813, the island of Guadeloupe was ceded by Britain to "His Royal Majesty the King of Sweden, and his successor to the Swedish throne" according to the Act of Succession of September 26, 1810. This was supposedly in order to keep the Crown Prince "at least partially compensated for the donations and other property, which he had lost since being called to the succession of the Swedish throne", having also used proceeds of sales of his Italian and French property to pay off debts of Sweden and losses as a consequence of Sweden's involvement in the Napoleonic Wars. Crown Prince Charles, or Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, had been one of the most successful soldiers in Napoleonic France. He was Empire Marshal of France, a former minister of war and had been created Prince of Ponte Corvo by Napoleon, before accepting the election as heir to the Swedish throne. Under his adoptive father, the reigning and yet powerless King Charles XIII of Sweden, the Crown Prince was effectively the regent of the country, and when Sweden sided with Napoleon's enemies, Bernadotte came to be seen as a traitor to his native France. Upon Sweden's accession to the Sixth Coalition, the offer of a West Indies island by Britain was an attempt to, in some way, compensate for this. Guadeloupe was conveniently located in proximity to the Swedish colony of Saint-Barthélemy.

After France had been defeated and Napoleon was exiled to Elba, the Treaty of Paris of 1814 settled the terms of the peace, in which Guadeloupe, having previously been a French possession, was returned to France. On August 13, 1814, a settlement of 24 million francs was reached with Britain as a replacement for the intended compensation.

The Crown Prince, acting as regent, used about half of the sum to pay off government debts; the rest went to various projects of public benefit. In recognition of this, the Riksdag of 1815 instituted that the Crown Prince and his heirs would receive an annual installment of 300,000 Riksdaler, which was to be paid out in perpetuity.

In the middle of the 20th century the scheme came under close scrutiny and, following a settlement between the Crown and the House of Bernadotte, the last payment of the fund was made in 1983.

See also

* Second War against Napoleon
* Possessions of Sweden
* History of Sweden
* History of Guadeloupe

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Guadeloupe — Not to be confused with Guadalupe (disambiguation). Coordinates: 16°15′N 61°35′W / 16.25°N 61.583°W / 16.25; 61.583 …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish slave trade — occurred in the early history of Sweden and resurfaced during the 17th century, around the time Swedish overseas colonies were established in North America (1638) and in Africa (1650). It remained legal until 1813.Sweden had treaties with… …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish overseas colonies — Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663 and from 1784 to 1878.The former Swedish colonies in Africa were: *Swedish Gold Coast (1650 1663; lost to Denmark and the Dutch) Including the Cape Coast (1649 1663) consisting of the following …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish colonization of the Americas — The Swedish colonization of the Americas included a 17th century colony on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century.Until 1809 …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 — The Anglo Dutch Treaty of 1814 (also known as the Convention of London) was a treaty signed between Great Britain and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. It was signed by Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, for Britain and… …   Wikipedia

  • Second War against Napoleon — The Second War against Napoleon was the second involvement by Sweden in the Napoleonic Wars. On January 9 1812, French troops occupied Swedish Pomerania to end the illegal trade with England from Sweden. The Swedish administration was replaced by …   Wikipedia

  • Netherlands–United Kingdom relations — The Netherlands and the United Kingdom are important partners both politically and economically.[1] In February 1999, Tony Blair and Wim Kok agreed to intensify relations between the two countries.[2] The United Kingdom and the Netherlands work… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles XIV John of Sweden — Carl Johan redirects here. For the Knight of the Elephant, see Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg. Charles XIV III John Charles John of Sweden and Norway by François Gérard King of S …   Wikipedia

  • House of Bernadotte — The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. Between 1818 and 1905 it was also the Royal House of Norway.HistoryFollowing the Finnish War in 1809, Sweden suffered the traumatic loss of Finland …   Wikipedia

  • Pontecorvo — Infobox CityIT img coa = pontecorvo Stemma.gif official name = Comune di Pontecorvo region = Lazio province = Frosinone (FR) elevation m = 97 area total km2 = 88 population as of = December 31, 2004 population total = 13230 population density km2 …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»