- Hereford and Worcester
Hereford and Worcester Geography Status Non-metropolitan county HQ Worcester ONS code 25 History Created 1974 Abolished 1998 Succeeded by Herefordshire (unitary)
Worcestershire (shire county)
Subdivisions Type Non-metropolitan districts
Hereford and Worcester ( / /) was an English county created on 1 April 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972 from the area of the former administrative county of Herefordshire, most of Worcestershire (except Halesowen and Stourbridge, which became part of the West Midlands) and the county borough of Worcester.
It bordered Shropshire, Staffordshire and the West Midlands to the north, Warwickshire to the east, Gloucestershire to the south, and Gwent and Powys in Wales to the west. It was abolished in 1998 and reverted, with some trading of territory, to the two separate historic counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire.
The Local Government Boundary Commission in 1948 proposed a merger of the two counties – the proposals of this Commission were abandoned and not implemented. A merger of Herefordshire with South Worcestershire was again proposed by the Redcliffe–Maud Report in 1969, and was retained in the Conservative Party's February 1971 White Paper (gaining more of Worcestershire), although no name was given. Under the Local Government Bill as introduced into Parliament in November 1971, it was named Malvernshire, after Malvern, a town roughly in the geographical centre of the new county. The name was subject to ridicule and was altered during the Bill's passage through Parliament. The name Wyvern was also suggested, combining the names of the rivers that run through the two cities: the River Wye through Hereford, and the River Severn through Worcester. A commercial radio station for the area, Wyvern FM was set up in 1982 using this allusion, it was also used much later by the First Group who renamed their bus operations in the area First Wyvern as opposed to the more historical First Midland Red used previously.
Due to the disparity of sizes of the populations – Herefordshire had about 140,000 people, much less than Worcestershire, which had a population of about 420,000 – it was perceived by Herefordshire as a takeover rather than a merger, and it never attracted the loyalties of residents. A "Hands off Herefordshire" campaign was set up, and the proposal was opposed by Herefordshire County Council.
Terry Davis, MP for Bromsgrove noted that the petition had been signed by 60,000 people. Clive Bossom, the MP for Leominster in Herefordshire, supported the merger, noting "much of South Worcestershire is very like Herefordshire".
It was originally proposed to have a single large Herefordshire district within Hereford and Worcester. This was divided, with separate Hereford, South Herefordshire and Leominster districts, and part of Herefordshire in the Malvern Hills district.
Hereford and Worcester was divided into nine districts:
Map No District Composition 1 Wyre Forest Worcestershire: Bewdley, Kidderminster, Stourport, Kidderminster RD 2 Bromsgrove Worcestershire: Bromsgrove, Bromsgrove RD 3 Redditch Worcestershire: Redditch 4 Wychavon Worcestershire: Droitwich, Evesham, Evesham RD, most of Droitwich RD, most of Pershore RD 5 Worcester Worcestershire: County Borough of Worcester, Warndon from Droitwich RD, St Peter the Great County from Pershore RD 6 Malvern Hills Worcestershire: Malvern, Martley RD, Upton RD
Herefordshire: Bromyard RD, Ledbury RD
7 Leominster Worcestershire: Tenbury RD 8 Hereford Herefordshire: Hereford 9 South Herefordshire Herefordshire: Ross-on-Wye, Bore and Bredwardine RD, Hereford RD, Ross and Whitchurch RD
As part of the 1990s English local government reform, the Local Government Commission under John Banham recommended that Herefordshire should become a unitary authority, with the rest of the county retaining a two-tier structure. This came into effect on 1 April 1998. A new Herefordshire district was formed from the Herefordshire parts of Malvern Hills and Leominster, along with Hereford and South Herefordshire, and became a unitary authority. The remainder of those two districts became a new Malvern Hills district, in the new two-tier non-metropolitan county of Worcestershire, along with the remaining districts.
Despite the abolition, some remnants of Hereford & Worcester's existence remain. For example, there is still a Hereford and Worcester Fire Service. Also, the name is still used by some organisations, such as the BBC local radio station BBC Hereford and Worcester. There is also a Hereford and Worcester Chamber of Commerce.
- ^ Local Government Act 1972. 1972. c. 70
- ^ Unpopular Name, The Times. 5 January 1972
- ^ VoB Herefordshire population
- ^ VoB Worcestershire population
- ^ Herefordshire County Council. Advert: Herefordshire is in mortal danger. The Times, 25 March 1972.
- ^ Fair hearing for tale of two cities and one island. The Times. 7 April 1972.
- ^ Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, 6 July 1972, column 1091.
- ^ Some proposed districts too big, councils say
- ^ The Hereford and Worcester (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996 - SI 1996/1867
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Hereford and Worcester — county in WC England, comprising the former counties of Hereford and Worcester: 1,515 sq mi (3,924 sq km); pop. 677,000 … English World dictionary
Hereford and Worcester — [ herɪfəd ænd wʊstə], County in Westengland, 3 926 km2, 694 300 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Worcester. Die von Wye, Severn und unterem Avon (Upper Avon) durchflossene County, im Lee des Berglands von Wales gelegen, hat mildes Klima. Die… … Universal-Lexikon
Hereford and Worcester — Die ehemalige Grafschaft Hereford and Worecester Hereford and Worcester (häufig auch County Hereford and Worcester) war eine Grafschaft im Westen von England und gleichzeitig auch ein Verwaltungsbezirk mit Hauptort Worcester. Es wurde 1974 durch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hereford and Worcester — /her euh feuhrd/ a county in W England. 585,600; 1516 sq. mi. (3926 sq. km). * * * Historic county, western England. It extended from the Welsh borderland to the industrial Midlands; its county seat was Worcester. It was formed in 1974 by the… … Universalium
Hereford and Worcester — /ˈhɛrəfəd ən ˈwʊstə/ (say heruhfuhd uhn woostuh) noun a former county in west central England near Wales, formed from the counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire in 1974, and abolished in 1998. See Herefordshire … Australian English dictionary
Hereford and Worcester — Her′eford and Worces′ter n. geg a county in W England. 696,000; 1516 sq. mi. (3926 sq. km) … From formal English to slang
Hereford and Worcester — noun (From 1974 to 1998) An administrative county in the west midlands of England … Wiktionary
Hereford and Worcester — /her euh feuhrd/ a county in W England. 585,600; 1516 sq. mi. (3926 sq. km) … Useful english dictionary
Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service — Infobox UK Fire and Rescue name= Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service area= Herefordshire and Worcestershire start= 1974 population= 714,000 size= 3,908.59 km² staff= 332 (full time) BM= Paul Hayden bm label= Chief Fire Officer stations … Wikipedia
Hereford and Worcester (European Parliament constituency) — Infobox European Parliament constituency name = Infobox Hereford and Worcester (European Parliament constituency) title = Hereford and Worcester mapcaption = European Parliament logo created = 1979 dissolved = 1994 meps = 1 memberstate = United… … Wikipedia