- Introduction to Arithmetic
**"Introduction to Arithmetic**" was written byNicomachus almost two thousand years ago, and contains both philosophical prose and very basic mathematical ideas. Nicomachus refers toPlato quite often, and wrote about howphilosophy can only be possible if one knows enoughmaths . This is the only complete book of his that survived to our day. Nicomachus describes hownatural numbers and basic mathematical ideas are eternal and unchanging, and in anincorporeal realm.

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