Introduction to Arithmetic


Introduction to Arithmetic

"Introduction to Arithmetic" was written by Nicomachus almost two thousand years ago, and contains both philosophical prose and very basic mathematical ideas. Nicomachus refers to Plato quite often, and wrote about how philosophy can only be possible if one knows enough maths. This is the only complete book of his that survived to our day. Nicomachus describes how natural numbers and basic mathematical ideas are eternal and unchanging, and in an incorporeal realm.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arithmetic — tables for children, Lausanne, 1835 Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word ἀριθμός, arithmos “number”) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used b …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic coding — is a method for lossless data compression. Normally, a string of characters such as the words hello there is represented using a fixed number of bits per character, as in the ASCII code. Like Huffman coding, arithmetic coding is a form of… …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic function — In number theory, an arithmetic (or arithmetical) function is a real or complex valued function ƒ(n) defined on the set of natural numbers (i.e. positive integers) that expresses some arithmetical property of n. [1] An example of an arithmetic… …   Wikipedia

  • arithmetic — arithmetically, adv. n. /euh rith meuh tik/; adj. /ar ith met ik/, n. 1. the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics. 2. Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of… …   Universalium

  • Arithmetic IF — The arithmetic IF statement has been for several decades a three way arithmetic conditional statement, starting from the very early version (1957) of Fortran, and including FORTRAN IV, FORTRAN 66 and FORTRAN 77. Instead of the common if… …   Wikipedia

  • Introduction to systolic geometry — Systolic geometry is a branch of differential geometry, a field within mathematics, studying problems such as the relationship between the area inside a closed curve C , and the length or perimeter of C . Since the area A may be small while the… …   Wikipedia

  • introduction — Synonyms and related words: Vorspiel, abecedarium, abecedary, access, acknowledgments, acquaintance, acquaintedness, act, admission, afterpiece, and arithmetic, aside, avant propos, back, back matter, bastard title, bibliography, bit,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Greek arithmetic, geometry and harmonics: Thales to Plato — Ian Mueller INTRODUCTION: PROCLUS’ HISTORY OF GEOMETRY In a famous passage in Book VII of the Republic starting at Socrates proposes to inquire about the studies (mathēmata) needed to train the young people who will become leaders of the ideal… …   History of philosophy

  • Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding — ou CABAC que l on peut traduire par codage arithmétique binaire à contexte adaptatif est un type de codeur entropique utilisé dans la norme de compression vidéo H.264 ou MPEG 4 AVC. Il s agit d un codeur arithmétique dont la compression est dite… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding — (CABAC) is a form of entropy coding used in H.264/MPEG 4 AVC video encoding. It is a lossless compression technique. It is notable for providing much better compression than most other encoding algorithms used in video encoding, and is one of the …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.