- Cape Henlopen State Park
Geobox Protected Area
name = Cape Henlopen State Park
category_local = Delaware State Park
image_caption = Looking north from Herring Point at Cape Henlopen State Park
etymology_type = Named for
country = United States
state = Delaware
region_type = County
region = Sussex
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 46
lat_s = 00
lat_NS = N
long_d = 75
long_m = 05
long_s = 45
long_EW = W
elevation_round = 1
area_unit = acre
area_imperial = 5193
area_round = 1
highest location =
established = 1964
management_body = Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
free_type = Nearest city
map_caption = Location of Cape Henlopen State Park in Delaware
map_locator = Delaware
website = [http://www.destateparks.com/chsp/chsp.htm Cape Henlopen State Park]
Cape Henlopen State Park is a Delaware state park on acre to km2|5193 on
Cape Henlopenin Sussex County, Delaware, in the United States. William Pennmade the beaches of Cape Henlopen one of the first public lands established in what has become the United States in 1682 with the declaration that Cape Henlopen would be for "the usage of the citizens of Lewes and Sussex County." Cape Henlopen State Park has a 24-hour and year-round fishing pieras well as campgrounds. The remainder of the park is only open from sunrise to sunset, and includes a bathhouse on the Atlantic Ocean, an area for surf-fishing, a disc golfcourse, and bicycle and walking paths. The beach at Herring Point is a popular surfing spot. The park is a stop on Delaware's Coastal Heritage Greenway.
As with all Delaware state beaches, entrance is free during the off-season, but costs $4 for Delaware-tagged vehicles and $8 for out of state vehicles from 1 May to 31 October. Season passes may be purchased at a cost of $27 per in-state vehicle and $54 per out-of-state vehicle. These passes provide access to all state beaches and parks in Delaware.
Cape Henlopen, on
Delaware Bay, has long been a public use area although it did not officially become a Delaware state park until 1964. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvaniaand early leader of Delaware, decreed that Cape Henlopen and its natural resourcesbe set aside for the use and enjoyment of the citizens of the Delaware Colony. Penn's decree established Cape Henlopen as one of the first public use parcels of land in the Thirteen Colonies.
The cape was an important strategic location for the
U.S Navyand Army during the American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, and World War II. Cape Henlopen Lighthouse, the sixth lighthousebuilt on the Atlantic Coast, was constructed from 1767-1769. This lighthouse was in operation until 1924 when it was abandoned after it was extensively damaged in 1920 by a storm. cite web | url = http://www.destateparks.com/chsp/chsphistory.asp | title = The Nation's First Public Lands | accessdate = 2007-09-06 | publisher = Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control]
World War II, the U.S. Armybuilt Fort Milesat Cape Henlopen. Numerous bunkers, concrete observation towers and the pier built to accommodate the laying of mines on the harbor floor remain today. Within the park grounds are a handful of concrete towers from that era, as well as underground ammo bunkers which were to be used in conjunction with the towers against the eventuality of air attack. cite web | url = http://www.destateparks.com/chsp/FortMiles.asp | title = Fort Miles Historical Area | accessdate = 2007-09-06 | publisher = Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control] Off the coast on the bay side are two lighthouses: the Harbor of Refuge Lightand the Delaware Breakwater East End Light. cite web | url = http://www.destateparks.com/chsp/chsp.htm | title = Cape Henlopen State Park | accessdate = 2007-09-06 | publisher = Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control]
beachat Cape Henlopen State Park is open year round. There are two beaches that are open to swimming at the park with lifeguardpatrols between the Memorial and Labor Dayweekends. A modern bath house with showers, changing rooms and a snack bar is located at the northern beach.
Cape Henlopen State Park has two facilities that are rented out for large group gatherings, a pavilion for picnics and the "Officer's Club" a remnant of the
Fort Milesdays. The 18 hole disc golf course and basketball courts are open year round. Huntingis permitted during Delaware's designated hunting seasons in some parts of the park. Hunters are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife.
Cape Henlopen State Park is a popular fishing destination. Anglers may fish from the beach or from the fishing pier on Delaware Bay. A concessionaire operates the Cape Henlopen Fishing Center, a bait and tackle shop at the pier. It is open seven days a week May 15 - October 1. cite web | url = http://www.destateparks.com/dbase/Concessions.asp?parkid=chspf | title = Cape Henlopen Fishing Center | accessdate = 2007-09-06 | publisher =
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control] Visitors to the park may drive onto the beach for surf fishingafter receiving a permit from the park authorities. Access over the dunes is open to pedestrians at all times.
The pine covered dunes of Cape Henlopen State Park are open to camping in some areas with over 150 campsite available. Most sites have running water. They are available from family camping March 1 - November 30. Reservations are required. A primitive campground is available for use by youth groups.
There are a variety of marked nature and hiking trails at the park, ranging from a beach to pine forests. Bicycles are another popular way to explore the park, and rentals are available during part of the year.
Nearby state parks
The following state parks are within convert|30|mi|km of Cape Henlopen State Park:
Cape May Point State Park( New Jersey)
Delaware Seashore State Park(Sussex County)
Fenwick Island State Park(Sussex County)
Holts Landing State Park(Sussex County)
Killens Pond State Park(Kent County)
Trap Pond State Park(Sussex County)
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