- 2003 in science
The year 2003 in
scienceand technologyinvolved some significant events.
March 13- The journal "Nature" reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints had been found in Italy.
February 11- NASA's WMAPsatellite completes the first detailed cosmic microwave background radiationmap of the universe. The image reveals the universe is 13.7 billion years old (within one percent error) and provides evidence that supports the inflationary theory.
May 31- Annular solar eclipsein Northern Scotland, Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland, with partial eclipse covering much of Europeand Russia.
August 27- Perigeeof Mars, closest of Mars since 57,617 BC
*October–November - The
sunis at solar maximum with a period of high activity, generating many large solar flares and coronal mass ejections.
November 23- Total solar eclipse in Antarctica.
2dF Surveyof galaxy redshifts is published.
October 13- The open access scientific journal"PLoS Biology" from the Public Library of Science, commences operation.
NOAA hurricaneexperts issue first experimental Eastern Pacific Hurricane Outlook
February 1- Space Shuttle "Columbia" disintegrates over Texasupon reentrykilling all seven astronautsonboard.
June 2- The first European Mars mission " Mars Express" launched.
September 27- The first European lunar mission " Smart 1" launched.
October 15- The People's Republic of Chinalaunches Shenzhou 5, their first manned space mission.
December 25- " Mars Express" enters orbit around Mars. Its lander, " Beagle 2" was to land on the surface but is lost (presumed crashed).
*March - The world's first
digital camerawith an organic light-emitting diode("OLED") display is released by Kodak.
July 30- The last old-style Volkswagen Beetlerolled of its production line in Puebla, Puebla, Mexico.
October 24- Concordemakes its last flight, bringing the era of civilian supersonic travelto a close, at least for the time being.
Intelreleases the Pentium M microprocessor.
Alexei Alexeevich Abrikosov, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, and Anthony James Leggett
Peter Agreand Roderick MacKinnon
Paul Lauterburand Sir Peter Mansfield
*Turing Award for Computing:
*Abel Prize in Mathematics:
*Wollaston Medal for Geology:
May 28- Prometea, the first cloned horse.
February 1- The crew of STS-107
Michael P. Anderson(b. 1959)
David McDowell Brown(b. 1956)
Kalpana Chawla(b. 1961)
Laurel Clark(b. 1961)
Rick D. Husband(b. 1957)
William C. McCool(b. 1961)
Ilan Ramon(b. 1954)
February 14- Dolly the sheep(b. 1996), the world's first cloned mammal.
March 29- Carlo Urbani(b. 1956), physician, discoverer of SARS.
April 17- Dr. Robert Atkins (b. 1930), nutritionist.
May 28- Ilya Prigogine(b. 1917), chemist, Nobellaurette in chemistry.
May 28- Oleg Makarov (b. 1933), cosmonaut
September 9- Edward Teller(b. 1908), physicist, inventor of the hydrogen bomb.
October 15- Bertram N. Brockhouse(b. 1918), physicist.
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