- Arthur Mutambara
name = Arthur Mutambara
imagesize = 150px
office = President of the Movement for Democratic Change (Mutambara faction)
term_start = 2006
birth_date = Birth date and age|1966|05|25|df=yes
Movement for Democratic Change
University of Zimbabwe, University of Oxford
Arthur Guseni Oliver Mutambara (born 25 May 1966 [http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/senate141.13789.html All you need to know about Arthur Mutambara] New Zimbabwe] ) is a
Zimbabwean politician. He became the President of the Movement for Democratic Change-Mutambara faction (MDC) in February 2006. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4756424.stm Zimbabwe's 'outsider' faction leader] BBC News] He has worked as the Managing Director and CEO of Africa Technology and Business Institute since September 2003. Under a September 2008 power-sharing agreement, Mutambara is designated to become Deputy Prime Minister.
University of Zimbabwe,Harare 1987-1990,BSc(Hon)-Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Oxford University,U.K,1991-1995,MSc Electrical Engineering/Computer Engineering& Doctor of Philosophy,Robotics and Mechatronics
Mutambara was a noted leader of the student movement within Zimbabwe in 1988 and 1989, leading anti-government protests at the
University of Zimbabwewhich led to his arrest and imprisonment. He was later educated on a Rhodes Scholarshipat Merton College, Oxford in the United Kingdomwhere he obtained a PhDin Roboticsand Mechatronics, and in the United Stateswhere he spent time as a visiting Fellow [MLK Visiting Professors welcomed",http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2000/mlk-1213.html ] in the same field, including both California Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technologyand FAMU/FSU College of Engineering. He also worked as a Professor of Business Strategy and as a consultant for McKinsey & Company.
Mutambara criticized government ministers for abusing Zimbabwe's land reform program, engaging in: "monopolistic politics of domination, corruption, and petty bourgeois accumulation."Bond, Patrick. "Uneven Zimbabwe: A Study of Finance, Development, and Underdevelopment", 1998. Page 206.]
Movement for Democratic Change
In 2005 the MDC split into two factions following a dispute over whether or not to participate in the March 2005 parliamentary election. While MDC leader
Morgan Tsvangirai, Mutambara, and others opposed participation, Welshman Ncubeand Gibson Sibandaled a faction that favored participation. Those supporting the senate elections won narrowly against the leader Morgan Tsvangirai's vote.Mr Tsvangirai later overruled & overturned the decision of the plebiscite citing two absent members had sent in postal votes that canceled the slender margin. [http://www.voanews.com/english/2007-07-15-voa21.cfm Zimbabwe Opposition: Mugabe's Price Cuts Mask Deeper Economic Problems ] ]
In February 2006 at a Congress of the breakaway faction Movement for Democratic Change Mutambara was elected as President of the party. Commenting on the election, Mutambara said, "My position was that the MDC should have boycotted those Senate elections. I guess then that makes me the anti-Senate leader of the pro-Senate MDC faction. How ridiculous can we get? That debate is now in the past, let us move on and unite our people."
The choice of Mutambara as leader was said to have been inspired by the fact that he is a Shona whereas Sibanda and Ncube are both Ndebele, but realized that only a Shona candidate could win an election across the whole of Zimbabwe. Mutambara is not a member of the House of Assembly and is therefore untainted by struggles within it.
The faction led by Tsvangirai described Mutambara's election as a nullity. In his MDC faction presidential acceptance speech, [http://amadlandawonye.wikispaces.com/MDC,+Presidential+acceptance+speech,+A+Mutambara MDC faction presidential acceptance speech] Communist University of Johannesburg] Mutambara stated, "We believe that our views on land reform in Zimbabwe are different from those of Western governments. Our approach is not driven by the interests of white farmers, but by those of all Zimbabweans, white and black. While we put the failure of the land reform program squarely on the Zanu(PF) government, we also acknowledge the complicity of some Western governments which reneged on agreements, and the inertia of white farmers in seeking pre-emptive solutions." However,
David Karimanzira, a leading member of ZANU - PF, alleged that Mutambara was promoted by the West after Western governments decided not to continue backing Morgan Tsvangiraibecause the Zimbabwean people had allegedly rejected his party manifesto. He once called the African Uniona "club of dictators." [http://allafrica.com/stories/200706111569.html Zimbabwe: Era of Puppet Politics Over] AllAfrica]
Mutambara was arrested by the Zimbabwe police on 19 May 2006 while leading a march in support of his faction's candidate on the eve of the Budiriro by-election. He was also arrested on the 11 March together with the other MDC leaders from the other faction. He was released without charge two days later, only to be re-arrested on 18 March at Harare Airport enroute to South Africa, where his family is still based, and where he is also a leading consultant. He was also released without charge after three days in custody.
2008 presidential election
After Mutambara and Tsvangirai failed to unite on a single MDC candidate for the March 2008 presidential election, Mutambara said on 15 February that he would not run for President and that his faction would instead back
Simba Makoni. [Fikile Mapala, [http://www.newzimbabwe.com/pages/electoral155.17759.html "Mutambara withdraws from race, backs Makoni"] , newzimbabwe.com, 15 February 2008.] Mutambara instead ran in the concurrent parliamentary election for a seat from the Zengeza East constituency, but he was placed third, with 1,322 votes, according to official results, behind the candidate of the Tsvangirai faction, who won 7,570 votes, and the ZANU-PF candidate, who won 3,042 votes. [ [http://www.sokwanele.com/election2008/constituency Results page for Zengeza East] at sokwanele.com.]
The Tsvangirai faction won 99 seats in the parliamentary election and the Mutambara faction won 10, compared with 97 for ZANU-PF. [http://allafrica.com/stories/200804030001.html "Zanu-PF, MDC-T in photo finish"] , "The Herald" (allAfrica.com), 3 April 2008.] On 28 April 2008, Mutambara and Tsvangirai announced that their factions were reuniting, thus enabling the MDC to have a clear parliamentary majority. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/7371823.stm "Opposition reunites in Zimbabwe"] , BBC News, 28 April 2008.]
On 1 June 2008, Mutambara was arrested at his home in Harare. According to his lawyer, the arrest was due to an article he wrote in "The Standard" in April, which allegedly included "falsehoods" and "contempt of court". In this article, he blamed Mugabe for the state of the economy and accused the security forces of committing abuses. [Godfrey Marawanyika, [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=3045&art_id=nw20080601170729234C285235 "Top Zim opposition figure arrested"] , Sapa-AFP ("IOL"), 1 June 2008.] On 3 June, Mutambara was released on a bail of 20 million
Zimbabwean dollars but he did not go to jail, with the next court date being set for 17 June. After the hearing on 3 June, he described his own suffering as minor compared to that of the people, saying that Mugabe's "human rights violations" would fail and vowing that "we will triumph over evil". [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=84&art_id=nw20080603132919207C311676 "Top Zim opposition figure freed"] , AFP ("IOL"), 3 June 2008.]
ADC facilitated power-sharing agreement
On September 15, 2008, the leaders of the 14-member
Southern African Development Communitywitnessed the signing of a power-sharing agreement between the two MDC factions and ZANU-PF. Under the deal, Mugabe will remain President, Tsvangirai will become Prime Minister, [ [http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/africa/09/15/zimbabwe.powershare/?iref=mpstoryview edition.cnn.com, Rivals sign Zimbabwe power-share deal] ] the MDC will control the police, ZANU-PF will control the Army, and Mutambara will become Deputy Prime Minister. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/africa/article4756995.ece timesonline.co.uk, Power-sharing deal signed in Zimbabwe] ] [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26715920/ www.msnbc.msn, Zimbabwe power-sharing deal signed] ]
* [http://www.bigthink.com/user/arthur-mutambara Interview with Arthur Mutambara]
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