- Stephen Roche
ridername = Stephen Roche
fullname = Stephen Roche
dateofbirth = birth date and age|df=yes|1959|11|28
country = IRL
currentteam = Retired
discipline = Road
role = Rider
ridertype = All Rounder
amateuryears = 1980
amateurteams = ACBB Boulogne-Billancourt
proyears = 1981-1983
proteams = Peugeot-Shell-Michelin
Ton Ton Tapis
1987 Tour de France, 3 Stages 1987 Giro d'Italia, 2 Stages
flagiconUCI 1987 World Cycling Championships
1987 Super Prestige Pernod International
3 x Tour de Romandie ('83, '84, '87)
1985 Critérium International
updated = 25 March 2007
Stephen Roche (born 28 November 1959 in Dundrum near
Dublin, Ireland) is a retired professional road racing cyclist. In a 13-year professional career, he peaked in 1987, becoming only the second cyclist to win the Triple Crown of victories in the Tour de Franceand the Giro d'Italiastage races, plus the world cycling championship. Roche's rise coincided with that of fellow Irishman Seán Kelly although the two were never team-mates.
Although one of the finest cyclists of his generation and admired for his pedalling style, he struggled with knee injuries and never contended in the
Grand Tourspost-1987. Although a Tour de Francevictor, Roche never competed at peak fitness in a truly open and competitive race including the prominent riders of his generation.
He had 58 professional wins. His achievements have been undermined by Italian judicial assertions that he took the drug EPO in the early 1990s. cite web|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/article1052710.ece?token=null&offset=12|title=Sad end to Roche's road|publisher=Timesonline|accessdate=2007-07-20]
On completion of his apprenticeship as a machinist in a Dublin dairy and following a successful amateur career in Ireland (including a win in the Rás Tailteann in 1979), Roche joined the
ACBBBoulogne-Billancourt amateur team in Paris to prepare for the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow. Soon after his arrival Roche won the amateur Paris-Roubaix, escaping with Dirk Demoland sprinting to victory on the track at Roubaix. Roche was told by his directeur sportif that if he did not win he "'would be sent home to Ireland that day".cite book|author=Stephen Roche and David Walsh|title=The Agony and the Ecstasy: Stephen Roche's World of Cycling|date=1988|publisher=|]
Although he also finished on the podium at the early-season Paris-Eze, a knee injury caused by a poorly fitted shoe plate led to a disappointing ride in Moscow. However on return to France, August to October saw Roche win 19 races. That led to a contract with the Peugeot professional cycling team for 1981.
Early professional career
Roche scored his first professional victory by beating
Bernard Hinaultin the Tour of Corsica. Less than a month later he won Paris-Nicedespite illness following the descent from Mont Ventoux and finished his debut season with victories in the Tour de Corse, Circuit d'Indre-et-Loireand Etoile des Espoirsraces with a second place behind Hinault in the Grand Prix des Nations. In total, his debut yielded 10 victories.
In 1982 his best performance was second in the
Amstel Gold Racebehind Jan Raas, but his rise continued in 1983 with victories in the Tour de Romandie, Grand Prix de Wallonie, Etoile des Espoirsand Paris-Bourges. In the 1983 Tour de France, Roche finished 13th and he finished the 1983 season with a bronze medal in the world cycling championshipat Alterheim in Zurich.
In 1984, riding for La Redoute following contractual wrangles with
Peugeot(the settlement of which led Roche to sport Peugeot shorts for two years before winning a court action against Vélo Club de Paris Peugeot)) he repeated his Tour de Romandiewin, won Nice-Alassio, Subida a Arrateand was second in Paris-Nice. He finished 25th in that year's Tour de France.
In 1985, Roche won the
Critérium International, the Tour de Midi-Pyrénéesand came second in Paris-Niceand third in Liège-Bastogne-Liège. In the 1985 Tour de FranceRoche won stage 18 to the Aubisque and finished on the podium in 3rd position, 4 minutes and 29 seconds behind winner Bernard Hinault.
Chronic knee injury
In 1986 at a six-day event with UK professional Tony Doyle at
Paris-Bercy, Roche crashed at speed and damaged his right knee. This destroyed his 1986 season at new team Carrera with little to show other than second in a stage of the Giro. Roche finished the 1986 Tour de France48th, 1h 32m behind Greg LeMond, a Tour that Roche described as like "entering a dark tunnel" of pain.
The injury and associated back problems recurred throughout his career (in the 1989 Tour Roche retired after banging the problem knee on his handlebars) and surgical intervention did no good until he met Dr. Muller-Wohlfahrt in Munich.
By the end of his career Roche was unable to compete at his best because of back problem resulting in a loss of power in the left leg. In retirement he described riding the 1993 Tour de France "just for fun". He finished 13th, riding for
1987 Triple Crown
In 1987, Roche had a tremendous season. In the spring, he won the
Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, taking a third victory in the Tour de Romandieand fourth place plus a stage win in Paris-Nice. He also finished second in Liège-Bastogne-Liège, the closest he got to winning a professional 'Monument' Classic. He blamed it on tactical naiveté and "riding like an amateur".
In the Giro d'Italia, Roche took three stage wins (including a team win with
Carrerain the team time trial) en route to overall victory and became the first Giro victor from outside mainland Europe. Roche's stage wins that year in the Giro were stage 1b, the 8km time trial downhill on the Poggio into Sanremoand stage 22, a 32km individual time trial into St. Vincent. Despite his stage wins, the race is remembered for the stage from Lido di Jesoloto Sappada, where Roche, contravening team orders, [cite web|url=http://www.repubblica.it/2007/05/speciale/altri/2007giroditalia/storia-3/storia-3.html|title=La storia del Giro d'Italia|publisher= La Repubblica] broke away alone early and despite being caught late in the race, had the strength to go with the counterattack and take the pink jersey from his team-mate Roberto Visentini, who had been previously leading the classification. His behaviour in the stage gained him the tifosi's hatred.cite web|url=http://sport.guardian.co.uk/tourdefrance2007/story/0,,2118236,00.html|title=Roche remembers his annus mirabilis|publisher=The Guardian|accessdate=2007-07-20] It was said the only member of his team that Roche could rely on not to ride against him was his domestique Eddy Schepers, although Roche recruited Panasonicriders and ACBB team-mates Robert Millarand Australian Phil Andersonto protect him with Schepers on the Marmolada climb (a day known as the "Marmolada Massacre").
Roche finished the Giro exhausted but favorite for the Tour de France. Following
Bernard Hinault's retirement, Laurent Fignon's choppy form and with Greg LeMondinjured following an accidental shooting while hunting, the 1987 Tour was open. It was also one of the most mountainous since the war, with 25 stages. Roche won the 87.5km individual time trialstage 10 to Futuroscopeand came second on stage 19.
On the next stage, crossing the Galibier and Madeleine and finishing at
La Plagne, Roche attacked early, was away for several hours but was caught on the last climb. His nearest rival Pedro Delgadothen attacked. Despite being almost 1 and a half minutes in arrears midway up the last climb, Roche pulled the deficit back to 4 seconds . Roche collapsed and lost consciousness and was given oxygen. When asked when revived if he was okay, he replied "Oui, mais pas de femme toute de suite" ("yes, but I am not ready for a woman straight away").
yellow jerseychanged hands several times with Charly Mottet, Roche, Jean François Bernardand Delgado all wearing it before Roche used the final 35km time trial to overturn a half-minute gap and win the Tour by what was at the time the narrowest margin ever of 40 seconds (two years later, Greg LeMond beat Laurent Fignonby 8 seconds). Roche became only the fifth cyclist in history to win the Tour and the Giro in the same year. He was also the only Irishman to win the Tour de France, Irish premier Charles Haugheyjoining Roche on the podium on the Champs-Élysées.
Later that year, with victory at the World road race championship in Villach in Austria, Roche became only the second to win the
Triple Crown of Cycling. Roche arrived with insufficient training although he worked during the 23-lap, 278km undulating terrain for his team-mate Seán Kelly and escaped in the race winning break only while covering for his countryman. With Moreno Argentinin the following group, Kelly did not chase and as the break slowed and jostling for position began for a sprint, Roche attacked 500m from the finish and crossed the line with metres to spare.
Roche was given the freedom of
Dublinin late September 1987. Several days later the 1987 edition of the Nissan Classicbegan and Roche rode strongly to finish second behind Kelly. [cite web|url=http://www.loserdomzine.com/nissanclassic1987.htm|title=Loserdom's guide to the 1987 Nissan Classic|publisher=Loserdomzine.com|accessdate=2007-10-16]
At the close of 1987, Roche moved to Fagor MBK, bringing English riders
Sean Yatesand Malcolm Elliot, 1984 Tour de FranceKing of the Mountains winner Robert Millarand domestique Eddy Schepers. The team was criticised as containing too many English speakers.
The 1988 season began badly with a recurrence of the knee injury and Roche began a gradual decline. In 1989 he again took second in
Paris-Nice(making four second places) and the Setmana Catalana. Roche finished the 1989 Giro d'Italianinth behind Laurent Fignon. During the 1989 Tour de France, Roche withdrew due to his knee.
There were problems with his team in and he changed again. In 1990, racing for
Histor Sigma, he won the Four Days of Dunkirkand 1991 riding for Roger De Vlaeminck's TonTon Tapisbrought victories in the Setmana Catalanaand Critérium International. In the 1991 Tour de France, Roche missed the start for his team's Team time trialand was forced to withdraw due to missing the time cut. [cite web|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/1991/07/27/tour_7.php|title=Tour Heads for home stretch|publisher=International Herald tribune|accessdate=2007-10-16]
In the Grand Tours, he was ninth in the 1989 Giro, and won a stage of the
1992 Tour de Francein appalling conditions into La Bourboule (again racing for Carrera but now in support of Claudio Chiappucci) and en route to a final ninth place. Riding the last edition of the Nissan Classic Tour of Ireland, Roche was in many breaks but finished fifth . [cite web|url=http://www.loserdomzine.com/nissanclassic1992.htm|title=The last edition of the Nissan Classic|publisher=Loserdomzine.com|accessdate=2007-10-16] A year later, he was again ninth in the 1993 Giro d'Italiaand 13th in the 1993 Tour de France. [cite web|url=http://archives.tcm.ie/irishexaminer/1999/12/31/spage_1.htm |title= Stephen Roche and Seán Kelly are names etched into the psyche of cycling aficionados. Michael Hearn and Brendan Mooney look back over their stunning careers |publisher=Irish Examiner |accessdate=2007-07-09]
Roche retired at the end of an anonymous 1993 which yielded a single win, in the post-
Tour de Francecriterium at Chateau Chinon.
Alleged drug use
In May 1990,
Paul Kimmagea former professional, Fagorteam mate of Roche and a fellow Dubliner published an account of life in the peloton. His book " Rough Ride" exposed drug use apparently endemic in the peloton but spoke in fawning terms about Roche. Publication resulted in a threat of litigation from Roche.
It was reported in the Rome newspaper,
La Republica, in January 2000 that Francesco Conconi, a professor at the University of Ferrarainvolved with administering EPO to riders on the Carrera team with which Roche had some of his best years, had provided riders including Roche with EPO. Roche denied the allegations. [cite web|url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2000/0103/sport.html|title=Sport: Roche denies use of E.P.O.|publisher=RTE.ie|accessdate=2008-04-11] This was further reported in the Irish Timesseveral days later, Roche again denying EPO. [cite web|url=http://www.rte.ie/sport/2000/0109/doping.html|title=Cycling: Roche's name again to forefront in doping investigation|publisher=RTE.ie|accessdate=2008-04-11] In March 2000 the Italian judge Franca Oliva published a report detailing the investigation into sports doctors including Conconi.cite web|url=http://www.sportpro.it/doping/inchieste/procuraconidicenta05.htm|title=Ufficio della procura antidoping del coni|publisher=sportpro.it|accessdate=2007-07-20] This official judicial investigation concluded that Roche was administered EPO in 1993, his last year in the peloton.Files part of the investigation allegedly detail a number of aliases for Roche including Rocchi, Rossi, Rocca, Roncati, Righi and Rossini. [cite web|url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2000/0109/sport.html|title=Roche's name again to forefront in doping investigation|publisher=rte.ie|accessdate=2007-07-20] In 2004 Judge Oliva alleged that Roche had taken EPO during 1993 but due to the statute of limitations, neither Roche nor his team-mates at Carrera would be prosecuted. [cite web|url=http://www.rte.ie/tv/20moments/moment_00s_stephen_roche.html|title=No.12 - Tour de France winner Stephen Roche denies allegations by an Italian judge of taking performance enhancing drugs|publisher=RTE.ie|accessdate=2008-04-11]
Family and post-cycling career
Roche lives in Antibes where he owns a hotel, the Roche Marina Hotel, on the
Cote d'Azur. Roche remained involved in the sport by founding cycling camps in Majorcaand working as a commentator on cycling events for Eurosport.
He has four children with his former wife Lydia; the couple divorced in 2004. One son,
Nicolas Roche, is now a professional with Crédit Agricole. Their daughter, Christel Roche, has graduated from a BBA and will follow a masters degree. Alexis and Florian are in primary school.
Lawrence Rochewas a also a professional cyclist who completed his only Tour de France in 1991. They were team-mates on the Ton Ton Tapis team.
Roche's nephew Daniel Martin is also a professional cyclist and is the 2008 Irish National Road Race Champion.
"While it is a very hard and sometimes very cruel profession, my love for the bike remains as strong now as it was in the days when I first discovered it. I am convinced that long after I have stopped riding as a professional I will be riding my bicycle. I never want to abandon my bike. I see my grandfather, now in his seventies and riding around everywhere. To me that is beautiful. And the bike must always remain a part of my life.":Stephen Roche
"I have never taken performance-enhancing drugs whether banned or unbanned, on or off the list, at any time. In fact, I underwent hundreds of tests during my career and all were negative.":Stephen Roche
Grand Tour record
*1983 - Tour de France: 13th overall
*1984 - Tour de France: 25th overall
*1985 - Tour de France: 3rd overall; won Stage 18; 3rd Points class
*1986 - Tour de France: 48th overall
*1987 - 1st overall; won stage 1b & stage 22
*1987 - 1st overall; won Stage 2 (team time trial) & Stage 10; 2nd Points class
*1989 - Giro d'Italia: 9th overall
*1989 - Tour de France: DNF
*1990 - Tour de France: 44th overall
*1991 - Tour de France: DNF
*1992 - Vuelta a España: 14th overall
*1992 - Tour de France: 9th overall; won Stage 16
*1993 - Giro d'Italia: 9th overall
*1993 - Tour de France: 13th overall
;1981:Tour de Corse:
Paris–Nice;1983:GP de Wallonie: Tour de Romandie:Paris - Bourges;1984: Tour de Romandie:Nice - Alassio;1985:Bol d'or des Monédières Chaumeil:Chaumeil:Loudéac: Critérium International:Les Ormes:Tour de France:::Winner stage 18A::3rd place overall classification;1987:flagiconUCI World Road Race Championship:Tour de France::: Winner overall classification::Winner stage 10:Giro d'Italia::: Winner overall classification::Winner stages 3 and 22: Tour de Romandie: Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana:Kortenhoef:Aalsmeer:Dublin;1989: Vuelta al País Vasco:Giro d'Italia:::9th place overall classification;1990: Four Days of Dunkirk;1991:Brioude: Setmana Catalana de Ciclisme: Critérium International;1992:Tour de France:::Winner stage 16::9th place overall classification;1993:Chateau-Chinon:Giro d'Italia:::9th place overall classification
* [http://www.letour.fr/HISTO/TDF/riders/us/4641.html Official Tour de France results for Stephen Roche]
List of doping cases in cycling
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