McKim, Mead, and White


McKim, Mead, and White

McKim, Mead, and White was a prominent architectural firm in the eastern United States at the turn of the twentieth century. The firm consisted of Charles McKim, William Mead, and Stanford White. McKim and White studied under Henry Hobson Richardson before forming their own firm. They were associated with the City Beautiful and Beaux Arts movements, which aimed to clean up the visual confusion of American cities and imbue them with a sense of order and noble formality.

Works

Their works include:
* 110 Livingston Street, Brooklyn, New York, former Elks Lodge, and former headquarters of the New York City Department of Education
* 998 Fifth Avenue, New York City
* The Agricultural Building at the World Columbian Exposition (1893,Chicago, Illinois)
* Algonquin Club, Boston
* American Academy in Rome (Main Building), Rome, Italy
* Bellevue Hospital Center, New York City
* Boston Public Library, Boston
* Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, New York
* The Cable Building, 611 Broadway 1892, New York City
* Century Club, New York City
* Columbia University's Morningside Heights campus: general design and individual buildings including Low Memorial Library, Philosophy Hall, John Jay Hall, Hamilton Hall
* Cyrus McCormick summer estate, shingle-style Richfield Springs, New York (1882; razed 1957)
* Faunce House (then Rockefeller Hall), Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (1904)
* Fayerweather Hall, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, (1890)
* First Methodist Episcopal Church, Lovely Lane United Methodist Church, Baltimore, Maryland, (1884)
* Dietrich Hall, now Steinberg-Dietrich Hall, University of Pennsylvania, 1952
* Garden City Hotel, Garden City, New York
* Grand Army Plaza, Brooklyn, New York
* Harvard Club of New York, New York
* Hall of Fame for Great Americans at Bronx Community College (formerly New York University)
* Harbor Hill on Long Island, New York, built 1899-1902, destroyed 1947.
* Hill-Stead, estate of Alfred Atmore Pope, designed in collaboration with Theodate Pope Riddle, Farmington, Connecticut
* Hotel Pennsylvania, New York, New York (1919)
* Isaac Bell House, Newport, Rhode Island
* Johnston Gate, Harvard University, Cambridge MA.
* John Howard Whittemore House Naugatuck, Connecticut (1880s)Blackwell, D. and The Naugatuck Historical Society (1996) "Images of Naugatuck". Arcadia Publishing ]
* James Farley Post Office (often regarded as the architectural twin of New York City’s Pennsylvania Station)
* John F. Andrews Mansion, 32 Hereford Street, Boston, Massachusetts
* Kingscote (mansion), Newport, Rhode Island mansion
* Levermore Hall, Blodgett Hall, and Woodruff Hall, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York
* Liggett Hall, Governors Island, New York
* Lullwater Bridge, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York
* Madison Square Garden II at Madison Square, New York City (the second of four buildings known by this name)
* The Manhattan Municipal Building, 1 Centre Street, New York City
* Maryland Monument, Lookout Hill, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York
* Memorial Chapel, Union College, Schenectady, New York
* Metropolitan Club, 1 East 60th St, New York
* Morgan Library, New York City
* Milwaukee County Courthouse, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1931)
* The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota
* Naugatuck High School Naugatuck, Connecticut (1904); (Hillside Middle School since 1959)
* Narragansett Pier Casino, Narragansett, Rhode Island
* New York Life Insurance Building, Kansas City, Missouri (1890)
* Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island
* Omaha Building, Omaha, Nebraska (originally the New York Life Building) [ [http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/mckim/mckim2.html Bluffton University Digital Imagine Project] ]
* Old Cabell Hall, Cocke Hall, and Rouss Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville
* Olin Memorial Library, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut
* Open Gates, George Sealy Mansion, Galveston, Texas
* Parade Place, Lookout Hill, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York
* Park Circle granite fixtures, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York
* Pennsylvania Station, Newark, New Jersey
* Pennsylvania Station, New York City (above-ground structure destroyed in 1965)
* Peoples State Bank, Detroit, Michigan
* Peristyle, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York
* Plymouth Rock portico, Plymouth, Massachusetts
* Prison Ship Martyrs' Monument, Brooklyn, New York
* Racquet and Tennis Club, New York City
* Reid Hall, Manhattanville College, Purchase, NY
* Rhode Island State House, Providence, Rhode Island
* Rosecliff, Newport, Rhode Island
* Savoy-Plaza Hotel, New York City
* Salem School Naugatuck, Connecticut(1884)b]
* Schenectady City Hall, Schenectady, NY
* Searles Castle (Massachusetts), Great Barrington, Massachusetts
* University Club of New York, New York City
* University Cottage Club Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
* Villard Houses, 451 Madison Avenue, New York City
* Whittemore Memorial Library Naugatuck, Connecticut (1894)b]
* Walker Art Building, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, (1894)
* Washington Arch, Washington Square Park, New York City
* The West Wing and East Wing of the White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington D.C. - 1903
* The [http://www.whitehousemuseum.org/special/renovation-1902.htm renovation] of the Theodore Roosevelt White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington D.C. in 1903.
* English Building, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois

Noted architects who once worked at the firm

* Harrie Thomas Lindeberg - started at the firm in 1895 as an assistant to Stanford White and remained with the firm until White's death in 1906.
* Lewis Colt Albro - who later partnered briefly with Lindeberg for several commissions.
* William Alciphron Boring - worked at the firm in 1890 before forming a separate partnership with Tilton.
* Charles Lewis Bowman - a draftsman at the firm, noted for his large volume of private residences concentrated in Eastchester, New York, worked for the firm until 1922.
* Walker O. Cain - worked at the firm then took it over and renamed it (starting 1961) several times.
* Edward Lippincott Tilton - assisted with the design of the Boston public library in 1890 before leaving with Boring to form a separate firm.

McKim, Mead & White in the Mid-20th Century

Despite being known for its Beaux-Arts architecture at the turn of the 20th century, the firm remained active into the 1960s under its original name and designed the prominent National Museum of American History in Washington DC, one of the firm's last works, opening in 1964 [cite web|title=Smithsonian Institute: National Museum of American History - Mission & History|url=http://americanhistory.si.edu/about/mission.cfm|accessdate=2007-09-26] . McKim Mead & White was also involved with an urban renewal project at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn in the 1950s and designed three buildings as part of the project: DeKalb Hall, ISC Building and North Hall [cite web|title=Pratt Institute: DeKalb Hall 1954-55|url=http://pratt.edu/~yyoon/dekalb.htm|accessdate=2007-09-26] [cite book | author = Hilary Ballon & Kenneth T. Jackson| title = Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York|page=374] . In 1961, McKim, Mead & White was succeeded by the firm Steinman, Cain, and White. By 1971 it had become Walker O. Cain and Associates. [http://library.bowdoin.edu/arch/images/gallery/library/library.shtml] .

References

External links

* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/mmw McKim, Mead and White flickr group]
* [http://www.lostnewyorkcity.com/ Randall's Lost New York City] Cable Building is included as a special resource.


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