Walter Gilbert


Walter Gilbert

Infobox Scientist
name = Walter Gilbert



birth_date = birth date and age|1932|03|21
birth_place = Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
residence =
nationality = U.S.
field = Biochemistry, physics
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Chemistry
footnotes =

Walter Gilbert (born March 21, 1932) is an American physicist, biochemist, and molecular biology pioneer.

Biography

Gilbert was born in Boston, Massachusetts and educated at the Sidwell Friends School, Harvard University and the University of Cambridge, later joining the faculty at Harvard. Together with Allan Maxam he developed a new DNA sequencing method [Citation
pmid = :265521
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/265521
last=Maxam
first=A M
last2=Gilbert
first2=W
publication-date=1977 Feb
year=1977
title=A new method for sequencing DNA.
volume=74
issue=2
periodical=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
pages=560–4
] . His approach to the first synthesis of insulin lost out to Genentech's approach which used genes built up from the nucleotides rather than from natural sources.

In 1979, Gilbert was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Frederick Sanger. Following year he was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Frederick Sanger and Paul Berg. Gilbert and Sanger were recognized for their pioneering work in devising methods for determining the sequence of nucleotides in a nucleic acid. Walter Gilbert also first proposed the term RNA world hypothesis for the origin of life, for a concept first proposed by Carl Woese in 1967. He is a co-founder of the biotech start-up company Biogen and was the first chairman on the board of directors. He is also a member of the Board of Scientific Governors at The Scripps Research Institute. Dr. Gilbert is currently the chairman of the Harvard Society of Fellows.

In the late 1980s, Walter Gilbert expressed skepticism about the role of HIV in AIDS; more recently he has said that he regards the success of drugs developed since then as a proof of the argument that HIV causes AIDS. [ [http://momentofscience.blogspot.com/2006/07/well-someone-has-to-do-it.html Moment of Science: Well, someone has to do it ] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1980/gilbert-autobio.html Nobel Prize autobiography]
* [http://www.cumc.columbia.edu/horwitz/ The Official Site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Walter Gilbert — (Boston, EEUU 1932) es un físico, bioquímico y profesor universitario estadounidense galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1980. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter Gilbert — (21 mars 1932) est un biochimiste, médecin, pionnier de la biologie moléculaire et entrepreneur américain. Il est colauréat avec Frederick Sanger de la moitié du prix Nobel de chimie de 1980 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter Gilbert — (* 21. März 1932, Boston, Massachusetts, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Biochemiker. Er gehört zu den Pionieren im Bereich der Molekularbiologie. 1977 wurde er mit dem Prix Charles Léopold Mayer ausgezeichnet, 1979 mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Gilbert — Científico estadounidense, nacido en Boston en 1932. Doctor en matemáticas por la Universidad de Cambridge, fue decano de Física teórica en ese centro docente y más tarde enseñó biología molecular en la Universidad de Harvard. En 1980, su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Gilbert (American football) — NFL player Name=Walter Gilbert DateOfBirth=February 5, 1915 Birthplace= Fairfield, Alabama DateOfDeath=death date and age|1979|08|19|1915|02|5 Deathplace= Auburn, Alabama Position=Center College=Auburn University Awards= Honors= DatabaseFootball …   Wikipedia

  • Chemienobelpreis 1980: Paul Berg — Walter Gilbert — Frederick Sanger —   Berg erhielt den Nobelpreis für »seine grundlegenden Untersuchungen zur Biochemie von Nucleinsäuren, vor allem für seine Untersuchungen zu rekombinanter DNS«, Gilbert und Sanger wurden für »ihre Beiträge zur Bestimmung von Basensequenzen in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gilbert (Familienname) — Gilbert ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter G. Alexander — Walter Gilbert Alexander (December 3, 1880 ndash; February 5, 1953) was an African American physician and Republican Party politician from New Jersey. He was president of the National Medical Association and the first African American to serve in …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Dinsdale — Walter Gilbert Dinsdale, D.F.C. (April 3, 1916 November 20, 1982) was a Canadian politician.Born in Brandon, Manitoba, he graduated from Brandon College and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1937 from McMaster University. He received a Master …   Wikipedia

  • Gilbert (surname) — Family name name = Gilbert imagesize= caption= pronunciation = meaning = region = British Isles origin = Norman French, Old Germanic related names = Gilbart, Gilbertson footnotes = [ [http://www.behindthename.com/name/gilbert Meaning and origin… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.