- West Pakistan
West Pakistan was the popular and sometimes official (1955–1970) name of the western wing of
Pakistanuntil 1971, when the eastern wing became independent as Bangladesh. The politically dominant western wing was composed of three Governor's provinces ( North-West Frontier Province, Punjab and Sind), one Chief Commissioner's province (Baluchistan), the Baluchistan States Union, several other princely states(notably Bahawalpur, Chitral, Dir, Hunza, Khairpurand Swat), the Federal Capital Territory (around Karachi) and the tribal areas.
The eastern wing formed the single province of
East Bengal(including the former Assamdistrict of Sylhet), which despite having over half of the population had a disproportionately small number of seats in the Constituent Assembly. This inequality of the two wings and the geographical distance between them was believed to be holding up the adoption of a new constitution. To diminish the differences between the two regions, the government decided to reorganise the country as two distinct provinces under the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Muhammad Alion 22 November 1954.
The province of West Pakistan was created in 14 October 1955 by the merger of the provinces, states and tribal areas of the western wing. The province was composed of twelve divisions and the provincial capital was established at
Lahore. The province of East Bengalwas renamed East Pakistan with the provincial capital at Dhaka. The federal government moved in 1959 from Karachito Rawalpindi(provisional capital until Islamabadwas finished), whilst the federal legislature moved to Dhaka.
West Pakistan formed a seemingly block but with marked linguistic and ethnic distinctions and the One Unit policy was regarded as a rational administrative reform which would reduce expenditure and eliminate provincial prejudices. However with the military coup of 1958, trouble loomed for the province when the office of Chief Minister was abolished and the President took over executive powers for West Pakistan. The province of West Pakistan was dissolved in July 1970 by President
General elections held in December 1970 saw the
Awami Leagueunder Mujibur Rahmanwin an overall majority of seats in parliament (all but two of the 162 seats allocated to East Pakistan). The Awami League advocated greater autonomy for East Pakistan but the military government did not permit Mujibur Rahman to form a government. On 25 March 1971, West Pakistan began a civil warto subdue the democratic victory of East Pakistanis. This began the war between the Pakistani military and the Mukhti Bahini. The resulting refugee crisis led to the intervention by India, eventually leading to the surrender of the Pakistani Army. East Pakistan suffered a genocide of its Bengali population. East Pakistan became the independent state of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971. The term West Pakistan became redundant.
The office of Governor of West Pakistan was a largely ceremonial position but later Governors wielded some executive powers as well. The first Governor was
Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani, who was also the last Governor of West Punjab.
The Chief Minister of West Pakistan was the chief executive of the province and the leader of the largest party in the provincial assembly. The first Chief Minister was
Dr Khan Sahibwho had served twice as Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Provinceprior to independence. The office of Chief Minister was abolished on 1 July 1970 when President Yahya Khantook over the administration of West Pakistan.
The twelve divisions of West Pakistan province were
Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan, Hyderabad, Kalat, Khairpur, Lahore, Malakand, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, and Sargodha; all named after their capitals except the capital of Malakand was Saidu, and Rawalpindi was administered from Islamabad. The province also incorporated the former Omani enclave of Gwadarfollowing its purchase in 1958, and the former Federal Capital Territory (Karachi) in 1961; the latter forming a new division in its own right.
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Bangladesh Liberation War
Partition of India
West Pakistan High Court
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Look at other dictionaries:
West Pakistan — former province of Pakistan: it now constitutes the country of Pakistan: cf. EAST PAKISTAN … English World dictionary
West Pakistan — West′ Pa′kistan n. geg a former province of Pakistan: now constitutes the country of Pakistan … From formal English to slang
West Pakistan — noun a Muslim republic that occupies the heartland of ancient south Asian civilization in the Indus River valley; formerly part of India; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 • Syn: ↑Pakistan, ↑Islamic Republic of Pakistan •… … Useful english dictionary
West Pakistan — a former province of British Pakistan, separated from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) by N India: declared independence as Republic of Pakistan 1956. * * * … Universalium
West Pakistan — /wɛst pækəˈstan/ (say west pakuh stahn), / ˈstæn/ (say stan), /pak / (say pahk ) noun former name of Pakistan … Australian English dictionary
West Pakistan — geographical name the former W division of Pakistan, now coextensive with Pakistan … New Collegiate Dictionary
West Pakistan — noun The western part of Pakistan before it split from Bangladesh … Wiktionary
West Pakistan High Court — The High Court of West Pakistan was High Court for the province of West Pakistan during the days of one unit from 1956 to 1971 till the separation of East Pakistan.EstablihshmentOn 30th September, 1955 the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan passed… … Wikipedia
War in North-West Pakistan — Infobox War caption=District map of NWFP and FATA. conflict=War in North West Pakistan partof= the War on Terrorism date=March 2004 ndash;ongoing place=Federally Administered Tribal Areas and North West Frontier Province in Pakistan… … Wikipedia
Pakistan Army — Founded 14 August 1947 Country … Wikipedia