- Sonia Brownell
Sonia Brownell (
August 25 1918– December 11 1980) was the second and last wife of writer George Orwell. She was also known as Sonia Blair or Sonia Orwell.
Brownell was born in
Calcutta, the daughter of a British colonial official. When she was six, she was sent to the Sacred Heart Convent in Roehampton(now Woldingham School). She left at 17, and after learning French in Switzerland, took a secretarial course.
Orwell first met her when she worked as an assistant for
Cyril Connolly, a friend of his from Eton College, at the literary magazine "Horizon". After the death of his first wife Eileen O'Shaughnessy, Orwell became desperately lonely, and on October 13, 1949 married Brownell, two months before his death from tuberculosis.
In later life, Brownell often went by the name Sonia Orwell; however, this was never legally her name as 'Orwell' was merely a
pen namethat her husband (real name Eric Arthur Blair) had chosen. Some commentators have argued that she helped Orwell through the painful last months of his life and gave him a hitherto unknown sense of joy.Fact|date=October 2007 Others saw her as a mercenarywho was only interested in becoming his literary widow.Fact|date=October 2007 However, there has never been a word of reproach from Orwell's adopted son Richard, who would certainly have opposed her had she been a mercenaryFact|date=March 2008. She was fiercely protective of his estate and edited, with Ian Angus, the four volume edition of his collected essays, journalism and letters first published in 1968. The writer and academic Frank Kermodehas suggested their marriage was a case of Orwell acquiring, as president of his foundation, the most promising young talent he could find.Fact|date=October 2007
Brownell later married the
homosexualMichael Pitt Rivers in 1958 and had affairs with several British painters, including Lucian Freud, William Coldstreamand Victor Pasmore. She also had an affair with the French phenomenological philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty, who she described as her true love;Fact|date=October 2007 she hoped he would leave his wife for her.
She died of a
brain tumorin 1980.
*Frank Kermode, "The Horizon Girl". 2003
*Hilary Spurling, "The girl from the fiction department:A Portrait of Sonia Orwell". 2002 [http://www.arlindo-correia.com/180702.html "Don't think about it",] Review by
Jenny Diskitaken from " London Review of Books", 25 April 2002.
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