Leicester Cathedral


Leicester Cathedral

Infobox UK cathedral
building_name =Leicester Cathedral
infobox_width =


image_size =
caption =The exterior of St Martin's Church today
map_type =
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location =Leicester
full_name =Cathedral Church of St. Martin
geo =
latitude =
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county =
country =England
ecclesiastical =yes
denomination =Church of England
province =Canterbury
diocese =Leicester
bishop =
dean =
organist =
website = [http://www.cathedral.leicester.anglican.org www.cathedral. leicester.anglican.org]
building =yes
architect =
architecture_style =Gothic
became_cathedral =1927
number_of_cathedrals =
year_built =1086-1867
year_consecrated =
specifications =yes
capacity =
length =
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length_choir =
width_transepts =
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tower_quantity =
tower_height =
spire_quantity =1
spire_height =67.1m
dome_quantity =
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Leicester Cathedral, or the Cathedral Church of St Martin, Leicester is a Church of England cathedral in the English city of Leicester, and the seat of the Bishop of Leicester. It is the fourth smallest Anglican cathedral in England. [ [http://web.archive.org/web/20041206173809/http://www.chch.ox.ac.uk/cathedral/present/misc.html Christ Church Cathedral - Miscellany ] ]

History

A church dedicated to St Martin has been on the site for about a thousand years, being first recorded in 1086, when the older Saxon church was replaced by a Norman one. The present building dates to about that age, with the addition of a spire, and various restorations throughout the years. Most of what can be seen today is a Victorian restoration by architect Raphael Brandon.

A memorial stone to King Richard III is located in the Chancel of the church. He is not actually buried there, having been originally buried in the Greyfriars Church in Leicester. According to local tradition his corpse was exhumed under orders from Henry VII and cast into the River Soar.

The church was elevated to a Collegiate Church in 1922, and made a Cathedral in 1927, following the recreation of the Diocese of Leicester in 1926.

The magnificent East Window was installed as a monument to those that died in World War I. Its traditional style and masterful use of reds sets the whole cathedral ablaze in the mornings. The highest window contains a sun-like orb with cherubs radiating away from it. In the centre Jesus sits holding a starry heaven in one hand with one foot on a bloody hell. Surrounding Jesus are 8 Angels whose wings are made from a glorious red glass.

To the far right stands St Martin, who stands on the tail of a dragon. The dragon goes behind Jesus and can be seen re-emerging under the feet of St George who stands on its head.

On the bottom row can be seen from left St Joan of Arc, Mary, Jesus with crying angels, Mary Magdalene, James and finally St Martin of Tours.

The keen eyed will spot that somewhere in this window is a World War 1 soldier.

The Cathedral has had a major interior and exterior tower and spire restoration from 2004 to 2005. The main work was to clean and replace any weak stonework. Replacement stone was quarried from Tyne Valley. All scaffolding was down by March 2005

It had cost up to £600,000, some of which was donated by the English Heritage and the public.

Leicester Cathedral has close links with Leicester Grammar School located directly next to it. Morning assemblies take places each week on different days depending on the school's year groups, and services are attended by its pupils.

The cathedral bells

The tower of the cathedral has 13 bells. These can be heard of Thursday Evenings and Sunday Mornings, with peals being rung on special days.The following is the full list of the inscriptions on the thirteen bells. The old inscriptions which are inscribed on the shoulders or waists of the bells are printed in small type.

*XII THE CORONATION BELL OF HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE VIth RECAST BY THE FREEMASONS OF LEICESTERSHIRE AND RUTLAND MAY 12th 1937. F B MACNUTT PROVOST C F OLIVER PROVINCIAL GRAND MASTER GOD SAVE THE KING H Watchorn Esq. Mayor J Nichols. W Capp Churchwardens Edwd. Arnold Fecit 1781

*XI THE NORTH BELL RECAST BY ALDERMAN SIR JONATHAN NORTH J.P. MAYOR OF LEICESTER 1914-1918 and WILLIAM ALBERT NORTH J.P. HIGH SHERIFF OF LEICESTERSHIRE 1935-36. MAY 12th 1937 GOD SAVE CITY AND SHIRES Recast by J Taylor and Co. 1879 Edward Arnold Fecit 1781 Thomas Ingram 1879

*X THE BELL OF THE CONGREGATION RECAST BY THE CONGREGATION OF THE CATHEDRAL MAY 12th 1937 GOD SAVE HIS CHURCH H Watchorn Esq. Mayor J Nichols. W Capp Churchwardens Edward Arnold Fecit 1781

*IX THE SAMSON SMITH BELL RECAST BY SAMSON SMITH OF LEICESTER MAY 12th 1937 CHRIST IS RISEN ALLELUYA H Watchorn Esq. Mayor J Nichols. W Capp Churchwardens Edwd. Arnold Fecit 1781

*VIII THEJARVISBELL RECAST BY W [LLLAM GEORGE JARVIS CHURCHWARDEN AND DEPUTY WARDEN OF ST MARTINS MAY 12th 1937 ADESTE. FIDELES. GAUDETE. ORATE. Praise him upon the well tuned cymbals: Praise him upon the loud cymbals. 1781

*VII THE PARTRIDGE BELL RECAST IN MEMORY OF SAMUEL STEADS PARTRIDGE J.P. BY HIS WIFE ELIZABETH PARTRIDGE May 12th 1937 GOD SEND US PEACE IN CHRIST J Taylor & Co. Founders Loughborough MDCCCLXXIX Continentia THE STELFOX BELL (HALF-TONE) GIVEN IN MEMORY OF JAMES WALTER STELFOX, LAY CANON, CHURCHWARDEN AND DEPUTY WARDEN OF ST MARTINS BY HIS WIFE EVELYN MARSLAND STELFOX MAY 12th 1937 NON CLAMOR SED AMOR

*VI THE DANIELS BELL RECAST BY SAMUEL KILWORTH DANIELS, LAY CANON OF ST MARTINS IN MEMORY OF HIS WIFE CAROLINE DANIELS MAY 12th 1937 IN HIS WILL IS OUR PEACE

*V THE FIELDING JOHNSON BELL RECAST IN MEMORY OF THOMAS FIELDING JOHNSON MA, J.P. LAY CANON OF ST MARTINS AND HIS WIFE FLORENCE LYNE JOHNSON BY THEIR CHILDREN FLORENCE JULIA FIELDING EVERARD J.P. AGNES MIRIAM FIELDING JOHNSON, WILLIAM SPURRETT FIELDING JOHNSON MAY 12th 1937 PEACE TO THEM THAT ARE AFAR OFF AND TO THEM THAT ARE NIGH Rev. Edward Thomas Vaughan Vicar, Henry Sharpe Jones. Joseph Simpkin Church Wardens. John Taylor & Son Bellfounders Loughhorough Late of Oxford, Bideford Devon and St. Neots Hunts. Successors to the old and celebrated Founders Newcombe, Watts, Eyre and Arnold of Leicester. Names of high repute dating as early as 1560.

*IV THE GERTRUDE ELLIS BELL RECAST IN MEMORY OF GERTRUDE ELLIS BY HER DAUGHTER FREDA LORRIMER AND HER NIECE KATHLEEN BROWNING MAY 12th 1937 JOHN TAYLOR AND SON FOUNDER OXFORD AND LOUGHBOROUGH A.D. 1854.

*III THE BOWMAR BELL RECAST IN MEMORY OF WALTER HAMMOND BOWMAR BY HIS WIFE EVA BOWMAR MAY 12th 1937 JESU CHRISTE MISERERE NOVIS John Taylor & Son Founders Loughborough A.D. 1854.

*II THE JOHN EDWARD ELLIS BELL GIVEN IN MEMORY OF JOHN EDWARD ELLIS LAY CANNON, CHURCHWARDEN AND DEPUTY WARDEN OF ST MARTINS BY HIS WIFE MABEL ELLIS AND HIS DAUGHTER FREDA LORRIMAR AND HIS NIECE KATHLEEN BROWNING MAY 12th 1937 PRAISE GOD FOR BLESSED MARTIN, SOLDIER BISHOP SAINT

*I THE BELLFOUNDERS BELL GIVEN BY E DENISON TAYLOR BELLFOUNDER LOUGHBOROUGH MAY 12th 1937

References

External links

* [http://www.cathedral.leicester.anglican.org/ Official website]
* [http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Leicester%20Cathedral&w=all Flickr images tagged Leicester Cathedral]


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