Pragmatic sanction

Pragmatic sanction

A pragmatic sanction is a sovereign's solemn decree on a matter of primary importance and has the force of fundamental law. In the late history of the Holy Roman Empire it referred more specifically to an edict issued by the Emperor.

When used as a proper noun, not otherwise qualified, it usually refers to the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713, a legal mechanism designed to ensure that the Austrian throne and Habsburg lands would be inherited by Emperor Charles VI's daughter, Maria Theresa.

*The so-called Pragmatic Sanction of Louis IX, purporting to have been issued in March 1269, regarding various clerical reforms, was a forgery fabricated in the 15th century.
*The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, issued on July 7 1438 by King Charles VII of France, limited the authority of the pope over the Church within France.
*The German Pragmatic Sanction of 1439, issued by German ruling princes March 26 1439, accepted some of the decrees of the Council of Basel with modifications. It has been argued that the name "Pragmatic Sanction" is not properly applied to this document, as it was issued by princes subordinate to the emperor without the emperor's endorsement.
*The Pragmatic Sanction of 1549, issued by Charles V, established the Seventeen Provinces as an entity separate from the Empire and from France.
*The Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 issued by Emperor Charles VI on April 19 1713.
*The Pragmatic Sanction of Naples, issued October 6 1759, by King Charles III of Spain, governed the succession to the thrones of Naples, Sicily, and Spain, and forbade the union of Naples and the Two Sicilies.
*The Spanish Pragmatic Sanction of 1830, issued March 29 1830 by King Ferdinand VII of Spain, ratified a Decree of 1789 by Charles IV of Spain, which had replaced the semi-Salic system established by Philip V with the mixed succession system that predated the Bourbon monarchy. (See also Carlism.)

External links

* [ Catholic Encyclopedia: Louis IX]
* [ Catholic Encyclopedia: Pragmatic Sanction]
* [ New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, vol. IX: Pragmatic Sanction]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pragmatic Sanction — • An edict formally issued by the emperor or king Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pragmatic Sanction     Pragmatic Sanction      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pragmatic sanction — Pragmatic Prag*mat ic, Pragmatical Prag*mat ic*al, a. [L. pragmaticus busy, active, skilled in business, especially in law and state affairs, systematic, Gr. ?, fr. ? a thing done, business, fr. ? to do: cf. F. pragmatique. See {Practical}.] 1.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pragmatic sanction — index charter (sanction) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • pragmatic sanction — n. any of various royal decrees that had the force of fundamental law …   English World dictionary

  • pragmatic sanction — 1. any one of various imperial decrees with the effect of fundamental law. 2. (caps.) Hist. a. any of several imperial or royal decrees limiting the power or privilege of the papacy, as the decree of Charles VII of France in 1438 or that of the… …   Universalium

  • pragmatic sanction — noun an imperial decree that becomes part of the fundamental law of the land • Syn: ↑pragmatic • Hypernyms: ↑imperial decree …   Useful english dictionary

  • pragmatic sanction — noun Date: 1643 a solemn decree of a sovereign on a matter of primary importance and with the force of fundamental law …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • PRAGMATIC SANCTION —    a term applied to an ordinance of a very irrevocable nature which a sovereign makes in affairs belonging wholly to himself, or what he reckons within his own right, but applied more particularly to the decree promulgated by Charles VI.,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • pragmatic sanction — noun historical an imperial or royal ordinance that has the force of law. Origin translating Law L. pragmatica sanctio …   English new terms dictionary

  • pragmatic sanction — pragmat′ic sanc′tion n. (in European history) any of various royal or imperial decrees with the effect of fundamental law …   From formal English to slang

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